National Tsing Hua University

Coordinates: 24°47′37″N 120°59′34″E / 24.79361°N 120.99278°E / 24.79361; 120.99278

National Tsing Hua University (NTHU; Chinese: 國立清華大學) is a research university in Hsinchu City, Taiwan.

National Tsing Hua University
國立清華大學
The Logo of National Tsing Hua University.svg
Former name
Tsinghua College (清華學堂)
Motto
自強不息 厚德載物[1]
Motto in English
Constantly strengthen and cultivate ourselves[2]
TypePublic
EstablishedMarch 30, 1911 in Beijing; 1956 in Hsinchu City, Taiwan
Parent institution
Ministry of Education (Republic of China)
EndowmentNTD 5,534,751,612.00
PresidentHong Hocheng
Academic staff
846
Undergraduates8,628
Postgraduates8,289
Location,
CampusSuburban, 1.20 square kilometres (300 acres)
LanguageChinese, English
FlowerRedbud and Chinese plum blossom
AffiliationsHarvard-Yenching Institute,[3] AACSB, APRU, AEARU
University System of Taiwan, Global research & industry alliance of Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China,[4] UAiTED, Alliance of Chinese and European Business Schools [5]
MascotGiant panda
Websitewww.nthu.edu.tw
NTHU name.svg
National Tsing Hua University
Traditional Chinese國立清華大學
Simplified Chinese国立清华大学

National Tsing Hua University was first founded in Beijing. After the Chinese Civil War, the then-president of the university, Mei Yiqi, and other major academics fled to Taiwan with the retreating Nationalist government. In 1956, they reinstalled National Tsing Hua University in Hsinchu, Taiwan, which has since remained independent and distinct from the Tsinghua University in Beijing.

National Tsing Hua University was selected as one of the seven national research universities in Taiwan,[6] and is consistently ranked among the top three best universities in Taiwan in world university rankings.[7][8][9] In the 2022 QS World University Rankings, it is ranked within the top 200 universities in the world and the top 50 universities in Asia.[10]

The University is part of a leading research and innovation cluster in Taiwan, along with nearby National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, National Space Organization, National Health Research Institutes, Industrial Technology Research Institute, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, National Center for High-Performance Computing, Taiwan Semiconductor Research Institute, and Industrial Technology Research Institute. The research cluster and its neighboring Hsinchu Science Park together play a key role in global semiconductor industry.

Today, there are 11 colleges or schools, 26 departments and 30 graduate institutes affiliated to NTHU. The College of Nuclear Science of NTHU is the sole educational and research institution focusing on the peaceful applications of nuclear power in Taiwan.[11]

NTHU has educated a wide range of notable alumni, including Nobel Prize laureates Chen Ning Yang, Tsung-Dao Lee, and Yuan Tseh Lee.

OverviewEdit

In 1955, the President of Tsinghua University in Beijing, Mei Yi-chi left and re-established the National Tsing Hua Institute of Nuclear Technology in Hsinchu city, and later based on the foundation of the original institute, National Tsing Hua University was founded in Taiwan.

The two Tsinghua universities both claim to be successors of the original Tsinghua University. As a result of this dispute, the universities claimed to be the rightful recipient of the funds from the Boxer Rebellion indemnity that was used to start Tsinghua University. This indemnity was transferred to the university in Taiwan after the Nationalist government (Kuomintang) retreated to Taiwan.

Today, both Tsinghua universities have deep mutual cooperation, including an establishment of Tsinghua Strait Research Institute, dual degree program, MOOC program, and academic exchange program.

HistoryEdit

 
Replica of the Old Gate in Beijing, symbol of Tsinghua University

After American Secretary of State John Hay suggested that US$30 million Boxer Rebellion indemnity money paid to the United States was excessive, in 1909, President Roosevelt and the U.S. Congress agreed to reduce the Qing Dynasty's indemnity payments by $10.8 million USD, on the condition that the funding be used as scholarships for Chinese students to study in the United States. Using this fund, Tsinghua College (清華學堂, Qīnghuá Xuétáng) was established in Beijing, China, on 22 April 1911 on the site of a former royal garden belonging to a prince.[12] It was initially a preparatory school for students sent by the government to study in the United States. The faculty members for the sciences were recruited by the YMCA from the United States and its graduates transferred directly to American schools as juniors upon graduation. In 1925, the school established its College Department and started its research institute on Chinese Study.

In 1928, the authority officially changed its name to National Tsing Hua University (NTHU). During the Second World War in 1937, Tsinghua University, Peking University, and Nankai University merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha, and later National Southwestern Associated University in Kunming. After the war, Tsinghua moved back to Beijing and resumed its operation there.

During the Sino-Japanese War, the library lost 200,000 volumes, out of a total of 350,000.[13]

In 1956, National Tsing Hua University (NTHU) was reinstalled on its current campus in Hsinchu, Taiwan. Since its reinstallation, NTHU has developed from an institute focusing on Nuclear Science and Technology to that of a comprehensive research university offering degrees programs ranging from baccalaureate to doctorate in science, technology, engineering, humanities and social sciences, as well as management. NTHU has been consistently ranked as one of the premier universities in Taiwan and is widely recognized as the best incubator for future leaders in industries as well as academics. Such stellar records are particularly exemplified by the outstanding achievements of alumni, including two Nobel laureates in physics (Dr. Chen-Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao Lee), one Nobel laureate in chemistry (Dr. Yuan-Tseh Lee) and one Wolf Prize winner in mathematics (Dr. Shiing-Shen Chern).

In recent decades, the National Tsing Hua University in Taiwan has had increasingly close ties with the Tsinghua University in People's Republic of China (China). Of all universities on Taiwan, the NTHU has arguably one of the strongest cooperations with universities in mainland China in academic research, projects, and with the creation of programs such as the "Center for Contemporary China".[14]

TraditionEdit

Meichu TournamentEdit

The Mei-Chu Tournament, held in March annually, is a sport competition between National Tsing Hua University and National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University. Since its establishment in 1969, the tournament, also known as the Mei-Chu Games, has become a tradition, and is considered as one of the most important activities between these two prestigious universities in Taiwan.

The history of the Meichu Games goes back to the 1960s. After the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, National Tsing Hua University and National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University were both relocated in Hsinchu, Taiwan and became neighbors. The geographic and academic closeness prompted many intellectual and social exchanges between two universities.

In 1966, an informal tournament was held. The arrangement of the formal event, however, was not institutionalized until 1968, when Chian Feng, an executive officer of NTHU student activity center, received the permission from the university authority to plan sport events for NTHU and NCTU students modeling after the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race.

While both side agreed on the plan to hold such an annual event, there was a disagreement on the naming of the Games. At last, Zhang Zhi-yi solved this problem by proposing the conventional coin tossing. "If the head-side is up, the game would be called Mei-Chu; otherwise, the game would be called Chu-Mei." As the head-side of the coin went up, the tournament was thereby named Meichu to commemorate the two founding presidents of NTHU and NCTU, Mei Yi-chi and Ling Chu-Ming.

Campus lifeEdit

Student clubsEdit

There are more than one hundred student clubs serving diverse interests. Club activities range from community services, music and sports, cinema and theater, dancing and martial arts, religion and philosophy as well as scientific and academic interests.

HousingEdit

There are eighteen dormitories on campus accommodating about 5000 students. Freshman, sophomore and most of the graduate students are allowed to lodge at dorms without drawing lots. The majority of NTHU faculty members are also living on campus.

Scholarships, fellowships, and financial aidEdit

Scholarships and fellowships are awarded on a meritorious basis. Annually more than six hundred undergraduates and one hundred graduate students receive such supports. In addition, around four thousand graduate students are supported with teaching or research assistantships from academic units. For students with financial difficulties, the university provides student loans and emergency funds.

Health care and counseling servicesEdit

A University Clinic,[15] affiliated with Hsinchu Mackay Memorial Hospital, is located on campus where first aid and general medical services are provided.

The NTHU offers counseling service[16] to students, faculty and staff members at the University Counseling Center. The clinic and the center not only provide services when needed and organize and present educational programs for all students.

AcademicsEdit

  • College of Science
    • Interdisciplinary program of Sciences
    • Department of Physics
    • Department of Mathematics
    • Department of Chemistry
    • Institute of Statistics
    • Institute of Astronomy
    • Institute of Computational and Modeling Science
  • College of Engineering
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Engineering
    • Department of Chemical Engineering
    • Department of Materials Science and Engineering
    • Department of Power Mechanical Engineering
    • Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management
    • Institute of Nano Engineering and MicroSystems
    • Institute of Biomedical Engineering
    • International Graduate Program
    • Graduate Molecular Engineering Program
    • Graduate Program of Advanced Energy
    • IEEM Professional Master's Program
    • Dual Master Program for Global Operation Management
  • College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
    • Department of Electrical Engineering
    • Department of Computer science
    • Institute of Electronics Engineering
    • Institute of Communications Engineering
    • Institute of Photonics Technologies
    • Institute of Information Systems and Applications
    • Institute of Information Security
  • College of Life Sciences
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Life Science
    • Department of Life Science
    • Department of Medical Science
    • Institute of System Neuroscience
    • Institute of Biotechnology
    • Institute of Molecular Medicine
    • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology
    • Institute of Bioinformatics and Structural Biology
  • College of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Humanities and Social Sciences
    • Department of Chinese Literature
    • Department of Foreign Languages and Literature
    • Institute of Anthropology
    • Institute of History
    • Institute of Philosophy
    • Institute of Sociology
    • Institute of Linguistics
    • Institute of Taiwan Literature
    • Institute of Sinophone Studies
    • Graduate Program on Taiwan Studies
    • International Master's Program in Inter-Asia Cultural Studies
  • College of Nuclear Science
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Nuclear Science
    • Department of Engineering and System Science
    • Department of Biomedical Engineering and Environmental Sciences
    • Institute of Nuclear Engineering and Science
    • Institute of Analytical and Environmental Sciences
  • College of Technology Management
    • Double Specialty Program of Management and Technology
    • Department of Economics
    • Department of Quantitative Finance
    • Institute of Technology Management
    • Institute of Law for Science and Technology
    • Institute of Service Science
    • EMBA
    • IMBA
  • College of Education
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Education
    • Department of Education and Learning Technology
    • Department of Kinesiology
    • Department of Early Childhood Education
    • Department of Special Education
    • Department of English Instruction
    • Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling
    • Department of Environmental and Cultural Resources
    • Institute of Human Resource Development
    • Institute of Learning Sciences and Technologies
    • Institute of Mathematics and Science Education
  • College of Arts
    • Interdisciplinary Program of Technology and Art
    • Department of Music
    • Department of Arts and Design
  • Taipei School of Economics and Political Science
    • M.A. Program in Asian Political Economy
    • M.A. Program in Global Political Economy and Asia
  • Tsing Hua College
    • Tsing Hua Interdisciplinary Program
    • Tsing Hua College International Bachelor Degree Program
    • Residential College
    • Center for General Education
    • Center for Teacher Education
    • Center for Language Education
    • Research Center for Technology and Art
    • Regional Innovation Center
    • Arts Center
    • Military Instructors' Office
    • Physical Education Office
  • Research Centers
    • Research & Development Office
    • Computer & Communication Research Center
    • National Center for Theoretical Sciences
    • IC Design Tech. Center
    • Center for Science Technology and Society
    • Center for Nanotechology, Materials Science, and Microsystems
    • Center for Photonics Research
    • NTHU/ITRI Joint Research Center
    • Center for Contemporary China
    • Center for Energy and Environmental Research
    • Brain Research Center
    • Laboratory Animal Room
    • Instrument Center
    • Nuclear Science and Technology Development Center
    • Electronic Business Center
    • Quality Research Center
    • Advanced Packaging Research Center
    • Bioinformatics Center

International programsEdit

NTHU participates in the Bioinformatics Program of the Taiwan International Graduate Program of Academia Sinica, Taiwan's most preeminent academic research institution.

PresidentsEdit

RankingsEdit

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[17]401-500
QS World[18]168
THE World[19]351-400
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[20]33
THE Asia[21]46

NTHU is generally considered to be one of the best universities in Taiwan.

In 2021, Times Higher Education[22] ranked National Tsing Hua University 351-400th in the world. The 2021 QS World University Rankings[23] ranked National Tsing Hua University 168th overall. In 2021, U.S. News & World Report ranked National Tsing Hua University 363rd in the world.[24] In 2020, Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked National Tsing Hua University 401-500th. [25] The 2020 QS World University Rankings by Subject ranked the university: 84th in Engineering & Technology, 266th in Arts & Humanities, 401-500th in Life Sciences & Medicine, 101st in Natural Sciences, and 249th in Social Sciences & Management[26]

In 2014, the representative of Japan in Taiwan listed NTHU as one of the seven well-known Taiwanese universities.[27]

Notable alumni and facultyEdit

Humanities and Social SciencesEdit

  • Liang Qichao: well-known scholar, thinker, statesman, known as "the proud professor of speech"
  • Wang Guowei: Guoxue Master, known as "the founder of modern Chinese academic," "New History of Kaishanzushi"
  • Chen Yinke: linguist, historian
  • Zhao Yuanren: linguist
  • Zhu Ziqing: prose writer
  • Xia Nai: archaeologist
  • Feng Youlan: philosopher and historian of Chinese philosophy

Physical Science & EngineeringEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 校訓. National Tsing Hua University. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "Message from the President". National Tsing Hua University. Archived from the original on April 10, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  3. ^ "Harvard-Yenching Institute Partner Institutions in Asia - Harvard-Yenching Institute". harvard-yenching.org.
  4. ^ "科技部公布「國際產學聯盟」通過名單 鏈結國際 麻省理工學院、柏克萊大學來台交流-科技部". www.most.gov.tw.
  5. ^ "ACE - EFMD Global".
  6. ^ Huang, Muxuan (黃慕萱) (2004). 書目計量與學術評鑑—國內七所研究型大學論文發表概況分析。引文分析與學術評鑑研討會論文集. Taipei. p. 135–152.
  7. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  8. ^ "CWUR World University Rankings of Universities in Taiwan 2021-2022".
  9. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021".
  10. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022".
  11. ^ "College of Nuclear Science - National Tsing Hua University". nthu-en.web.nthu.edu.tw.
  12. ^ Su-Yan Pan (2009). University autonomy, the state, and social change in China. Hong Kong University Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-962-209-936-4.
  13. ^ LOST MEMORY - LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES DESTROYED IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY ( Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine)
  14. ^ "Official website for National Tsing Hua University's "Center for Contemporary China"". Archived from the original on 2008-09-30. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2008-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-10-07. Retrieved 2008-10-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020
  18. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021". Top Universities. 1 February 2017.
  19. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education (THE). 18 August 2017.
  20. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2021". Top Universities. 5 November 2015.
  21. ^ Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings 2020
  22. ^ "Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021". 25 August 2020.
  23. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2020 Results".
  24. ^ "2021 Best Global Universities Rankings".
  25. ^ "ARWU World University Rankings 2020".
  26. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university/443/nationaltsinghuauniversity
  27. ^ 交流, No.879, p.6. A total of 5 public universities and 2 private universities were selected: NTU, NCKU, NTHU, NYCU, NCCU, Fu Jen Catholic and Soochow University.

External linksEdit