Türkân Akyol

Türkân Akyol (October 12, 1928 – September 7, 2017)[1][2] was a Turkish politician, physician and academic. She was the first Turkish female government minister,[3] and the first female university rector in Turkey.[4]

Türkân Akyol
Türkân Akyol.jpg
Minister of State
In office
June 25, 1993 – October 5, 1995
Prime MinisterTansu Çiller
In office
February 22, 1992 – June 25, 1993
Prime MinisterSüleyman Demirel
In office
March 26, 1971 – December 13, 1971
Prime MinisterNihat Erim
Preceded byVedat Ali Özkan
Succeeded byCevdet Aykan
Personal details
Born(1928-10-12)October 12, 1928
Istanbul, Turkey
DiedSeptember 7, 2017(2017-09-07) (aged 88)
Ankara, Turkey
Resting placeKarşıyaka Cemetery
CitizenshipTurkish
Political partySocial Democracy Party (SODEP)
EducationMedicine
Alma materAnkara University

Early lifeEdit

Türkan Akyol was born on October 12, 1928 in Istanbul. She completed her primary education in various places of Turkey due to her father's profession as a staff officer. She graduated from the Erenköy Girls High School in Istanbul, Turkey, in 1947.[4]

Academic careerEdit

Akyol was educated in Medicine at Ankara University graduating in 1953. She became a physician specialized in pulmonology[5] and pursued an academic career at her alma mater. She became assistant professor in 1965 and full professor in 1970. Between 1959 and 1965, Akyol conducted academic studies in the United States, France and the Netherlands.[4]

In 1980, Akyol was elected rector of Ankara University, becoming again a first, this time Turkey's first female rector. She served at this post until 1982 when she quit due to disagreements with the Council of Higher Education.[4] She lectured at the university until 1983 when Erdal İnönü invited her to co-found the Social Democracy Party (SODEP). Akyol served the party's deputy chairman.[4]

Political careerEdit

On March 25, 1971, she was appointed Minister of Health and Social Security in the cabinet of Nihat Erim, becoming so the first female government minister of Turkey. On December 13 that year, she resigned from her post in the government and returned to the university.[4]

Türkan Akyol entered the parliament as deputy of Izmir Province following the 1987 general election. She returned to her post as lecturer at the end of the legislative term in 1991.[4] In 1992, she was appointed Minister of State responsible for Woman and Family Affairs in the coalition government of Süleyman Demirel.[4] In 1993, she was appointed minister again in the cabinet of Tansu Çiller, Turkey's first woman prime minister.[6]

Akyol died at a hospital in Ankara on 7 September 2017 at the age of 88.[6] She was buried at the Karşıyaka Cemetery following the religious funeral at Maltepe Mosque.[7][8] She was mother of two children.[9]

LegacyEdit

There is a hospital in Bursa carrying her name.[10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Türkan Akyol hayatını kaybetti... Türkan Akyol kimdir?". m.hurriyet.com.tr. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  2. ^ "Türkiye'nin ilk kadın bakanı Türkan Akyol vefat etti". NTV. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  3. ^ "Türk kadınının ilkleri". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 1998-10-10. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Ankara Üniversitesi Rektörleri-Prof. Dr. Türkan Akyol" (in Turkish). Ankara University. Archived from the original on 2012-05-13. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
  5. ^ "Ankara Tıp'ın Göğüs Hastalıkları Ana Bilim Dalı Yenilendi". Haberler (in Turkish). 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2013-02-08. |
  6. ^ a b "Türkiye'nin ilk kadın bakanı Türkan Akyol öldü". dunyabulteni.net. Retrieved 2020-11-20.
  7. ^ "İlk kadın bakan Türkan Akyol son yolculuğuna uğurlandı". Haber Türk (in Turkish). 2017-09-08. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
  8. ^ "Türkan Akyol uğurlandı". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 2017-09-09. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
  9. ^ "Türkiye'nin ilk kadın bakanı Türkan Akyol yaşamını yitirdi". Cumhuriyet (in Turkish). 2017-09-07. Retrieved 2017-09-23.
  10. ^ "www.bgh.gov.tr/". bgh.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-11-20.

SourcesEdit