1987 Turkish general election

General elections were held in Turkey on 29 November 1987. This election is important for two events; the Military junta's restrictions on former politicians were lifted so they joined to the political scene again, whilst the Motherland Party retained its majority in the parliament by losing votes but gaining more seats, thanks to the electoral system of the country. Voter turnout was 93.3%.[2]

1987 Turkish general election

← 1983 29 November 1987 1991 →

Total of 450 seats of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey
226 seats were needed for a majority
Turnout93.3%[1] Increase 1.0pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Turgut Özal 1986.jpg Erdal İnönü (cropped).jpg Suleyman Demirel 1998.jpg
Leader Turgut Özal Erdal İnönü Süleyman Demirel
Party ANAP SHP DYP
Leader since 20 May 1983 30 May 1986 6 September 1987
Leader's seat İstanbul İzmir Isparta
Last election 211 seats, 45.14% 117 seats, 30.46% New party
Seats won 292 99 59
Seat change Increase81 Decrease18 Increase59
Popular vote 8,704,335 5,931,000 4,587,062
Percentage 36.31% 24.74% 19.10%
Swing Decrease8.83% Decrease5.72% Increase19.1%

Prime Minister before election

Turgut Özal
ANAP

Elected Prime Minister

Turgut Özal
ANAP

The 1987 election saw the return of the religious oriented base of Necmettin Erbakan and the symbol names of the politics in the 1970s, Bülent Ecevit and Süleyman Demirel. Bülent Ecevit led DSP because CHP was closed down after the coup of 1980. Süleyman Demirel founded DYP to challenge the power of Turgut Özal on conservative liberal votes. The elections of 1987 were marked with harsh restrictions on televised publicity for the opposition parties. Different as 1983 there was no televised debate between the presidential candidates. Only one week before the elections political infomercials from the different parties were aired. The SHP gained the most benefit of the infomercials, as the SHP polled about 30% compared to the 18% before screening the infomercial.[3]

ResultsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Motherland Party 8,704,335 36.3 292 +81
Social Democratic Populist Party 5,931,000 24.7 99 New
True Path Party 4,587,062 19.1 59 New
Democratic Left Party 2,044,576 8.5 0 New
Welfare Party 1,717,425 7.2 0 New
Nationalist Workers Party 701,538 2.9 0 New
Reformist Democracy Party 196,272 0.8 0 New
Independents 89,421 0.4 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 631,912
Total 24,603,541 100 450 +51
Source: Nohlen et al.
Popular vote
ANAP
36.31%
SHP
24.74%
DYP
19.14%
DSP
8.53%
RP
7.16%
Independent
0.37%
Others
3.75%
Seats summary
ANAP
64.89%
SHP
22.00%
DYP
13.11%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MİLLETVEKİLİ GENEL SEÇİMLERİ 1923 - 2011" (PDF) (in Turkish). Yüksek Seçim Kurulu. p. 5. Retrieved August 13, 2020.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p258 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. ^ Wuthrich, F. Michael (2015-07-28). National Elections in Turkey: People, Politics, and the Party System. Syracuse University Press. p. 191. ISBN 9780815634126.