The True Path Party (Turkish: Doğru Yol Partisi, DYP) was a centre-right political party in Turkey, active from 1983 to 2007.[4] For most of its history, the party's central figure was Süleyman Demirel, a former Prime Minister of Turkey who previously led the Justice Party (AP) before it was shut down in the aftermath of the 1980 military coup. The DYP was widely considered the successor of both the AP and the Democrat Party (DP), active in Turkey's early multi-party period.[5]

True Path Party
Doğru Yol Partisi
LeaderAhmet Nusret Tuna (1983)
Yıldırım Avcı (1983–1985)
Hüsamettin Cindoruk (1985–1987)
Süleyman Demirel (1987–1993)
Tansu Çiller (1993–2002)
Mehmet Ağar (2002–2007)
Founded23 June 1983 (1983-06-23)
Dissolved27 May 2007 (2007-05-27)
Preceded byJustice Party
Great Turkey Party
Succeeded byDemocrat Party
HeadquartersAnkara, Turkey
IdeologyLiberal conservatism
Right-wing populism[1][2]
Political positionCentre-right
  •   Red (official)
  •   Purple (customary)

History edit

The party was established in 1983 and it claimed that it was the exclusive successor of the Justice Party, which at the time also claimed to be a successor of Adnan Menderes' Democrat Party.[6] The DYP was the main opposition party in the Grand National Assembly from 1987 to 1991. The party strongly relied on the voter basis of the DP and the AP, and announced in 1988, that 70% of the local party heads of the DYP, were former AP members.[7] Later, the party won power in the 1991 general election, after having emerged as the largest party. Demirel subsequently returned to the premiership in the period from 1991 to 1993, before securing the Presidency of Turkey that year. Subsequently, both the DYP leadership and the premiership passed to Tansu Çiller, another prominent member of the party. Çiller was the first female Prime Minister of Turkey, and served until 1996. After then serving as a junior partner in several coalition governments, the party was wiped out of parliament in the 2002 general election, failing to pass the 10% electoral threshold required to win seats.[8]

While the party proved able to maintain a presence in local politics after its 2002 ouster from parliament, the DYP appeared likely to again fail to enter parliament in the 2007 election. In response, the leadership of the DYP and that of the conservative Motherland Party (ANAP) announced their intention to merge under the name of the former Democratic Party (DP). Ultimately, the ANAP pulled out of the merger, though the True Path Party went through with the rebranding, and transformed into the new Democratic Party (DP) in May 2007. The new DP only polled 6% in the election, and remained out of the Grand National Assembly until 2018, when it received one seat on the Good Party list.

Successor party edit

DYP rebranded itself to the Democratic Party in its 2007 Congress, however Çetin Özaçıkgöz reestablished the DYP. It received 0.15% of the votes in the 2011 elections.

Election results edit

Grand National Assembly of Turkey
Election Votes Seats Role
# % Rank # ±
1987 4,587,062 19.1 3rd
59 / 450
new Opposition
1991 6,600,726 27.0 1st
178 / 450
  119 Coalition government
1995 5,396,009 19.2 3rd
135 / 550
  43 Coalition government
1999 3,745,417 12.0 5th
85 / 550
  50 Opposition
2002 2,997,065 9.5 3rd
0 / 550
  85 Extra-parliamentary opposition

Prominent members edit

Party leaders edit

Prime Ministers of Turkey edit

Presidents of Turkey edit

  • Süleyman Demirel (1993–2000)

References edit

  2. ^ Türkiye popülizmin babasını kaybetti
  3. ^ Türkiye Cumhuriyeti hükümetlerinin Avrupa Birliği politikaları, 1983-2004
  4. ^ Rubin, Barry (2013). Political Parties in Turkey. p. 82.
  5. ^ Cook, C.; Paxton, J. (2000). European Political Facts of the Twentieth Century. Springer. p. 366.
  6. ^ Heper, Metin; Landau, Jacob M. (1991). Political Parties and Democracy in Turkey. I.B. Tauris. p. 188. ISBN 1-85043-300-3.
  7. ^ Heper, Metin; Landau, Jacob M. (1991), pp.189-190
  8. ^ "Turkey". Retrieved 9 March 2018.