Stephen Stills

Stephen Arthur Stills (born January 3, 1945)[2] is an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Buffalo Springfield and Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. As both a solo act and member of two successful bands, Stills has combined record sales of over 35 million albums. He was ranked number 28 in Rolling Stone's 2003 list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time"[3] and number 47 in the 2011 list.[4] Stills became the first person to be inducted twice on the same night into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. According to Neil Young, "Stephen is a genius."[5]

Stephen Stills
Stills performing with the Rides, Berkeley, California, June 2016
Stills performing with the Rides, Berkeley, California, June 2016
Background information
Birth nameStephen Arthur Stills
Born (1945-01-03) January 3, 1945 (age 75)
Dallas, Texas, US
Genres
Occupation(s)
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • keyboards
  • bass guitar
  • drums
  • percussion
Years active1962–present
Labels
Associated acts
Websitestephenstills.com

Beginning his professional career with Buffalo Springfield, he composed "For What It's Worth", which became one of the most recognizable songs of the 1960s. Other notable songs he contributed to the band were "Sit Down, I Think I Love You", "Bluebird", and "Rock & Roll Woman". According to bandmate Richie Furay, he was "the heart and soul of Buffalo Springfield".[6]

After Buffalo Springfield disbanded, Stills began working with David Crosby and Graham Nash as a trio called Crosby, Stills & Nash (CSN). In addition to writing many of the band's songs, Stills played bass, guitar, and keyboards on their debut album. The album sold over four million copies and at that point had outsold anything from the three members' prior bands: the Byrds, Buffalo Springfield, and the Hollies. The album won the trio a Grammy Award for Best New Artist.

Stills's first solo album, Stephen Stills, earned a gold record and is the only album to feature both Jimi Hendrix and Eric Clapton. Its hit single "Love the One You're With" became his biggest solo hit, peaking at number 14 on the Billboard Hot 100.[7] Stills followed this with a string of solo albums, as well as starting a band with Chris Hillman called Manassas in 1972. In the summer 1974, Young reunited with CSN after a four-year hiatus for a concert tour that was recorded and released in 2014 as CSNY 1974. It was one of the first stadium tours and the largest tour the band has done to date.[8] CSN reunited in 1977 for their album CSN, which became the trio's best-selling record. CSN and CSNY continued to have platinum albums through the 1980s.

Early yearsEdit

 
Stills performing on the Dutch television program, TopPop, in 1972

Stills was born in Dallas, the son of Talitha Quintilla (Collard) and William Arthur Stills.[9] Raised in a military family, he moved around as a child and developed an interest in blues and folk music. He was also influenced by Latin music after spending his youth in Gainesville and Tampa, Florida, as well as Covington, Louisiana, Costa Rica, the Panama Canal Zone, and El Salvador. Stills attended Admiral Farragut Academy in St. Petersburg, Florida and Saint Leo College Preparatory School in Saint Leo, Florida[10] before graduating from Lincoln High School in Costa Rica. Stills is also an avid sailor.

Stills dropped out of LSU in the early 1960s. He played in a series of bands, including the Continentals, which then featured future Eagles guitarist Don Felder. Stills also sang as a solo artist at Gerde's Folk City, a well-known coffeehouse in Greenwich Village. Stills eventually ended up in a nine-member vocal harmony group, the house act at the famous Cafe au Go Go in New York City, called the Au Go Go Singers, which included his future Buffalo Springfield bandmate Richie Furay. This group did some touring in the Catskills and in the South, released one album in 1964, and then broke up in 1965. Afterwards, Stills formed a folk-rock group called the Company with four other former members of the Au Go Go Singers. The Company embarked on a six-week tour of Canada, where Stills met a guitarist named Neil Young. On the VH1 CSNY Legends special, Stills said that Young was doing what he always wanted to do, "play folk music in a rock band." The Company broke up in New York within four months; Stills did session work and went to various auditions. In 1966 he convinced a reluctant Furay, then living in Massachusetts, to move with him to California.

Life and careerEdit

Buffalo Springfield and Super Session (1966–1968)Edit

Stills, Furay, and Young reunited in Los Angeles and formed the core of Buffalo Springfield. Legend has it that Stills and Furay recognized Young's converted hearse and flagged him down, a meeting described in a recent solo track "Round the Bend".[11][12] Buffalo Springfield performed a mixture of folk, country, psychedelia, and rock. Its sound was lent a hard edge by the twin lead guitars of Stills and Young, and that combination helped make Buffalo Springfield a critical success. The band's first record Buffalo Springfield (1966) sold well after Stills' topical song "For What It's Worth" became a top ten hit, reaching number 7 on the US charts. According to Rolling Stone, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and other sources, Buffalo Springfield helped create the genres of folk rock and country rock.[citation needed] Distrust of their management along with the arrest and deportation of bassist Bruce Palmer worsened the already strained relations among the group members and led to Buffalo Springfield's demise. A second album, Buffalo Springfield Again, was released in late 1967 and featured Stills songs "Bluebird" and "Rock And Roll Woman". In May 1968, the band split up for good, but contractual obligations required the recording and release of a final studio album, Last Time Around. The album was primarily composed of tracks laid down earlier that year. A Stills song from their debut album, "Sit Down, I Think I Love You," was a minor hit for the Mojo Men in 1967.[13]

After the disintegration of Buffalo Springfield, Stills played on half of the Super Session album with Al Kooper in 1968, including a cover of Donovan's "Season Of The Witch" that received heavy radio play on progressive FM radio formats. Mike Bloomfield was due to play on all of the album but failed to turn up for the second day of recording. The album sold well and charted at number 12 on the US charts while being certified Gold in December 1970.[14]

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (1969–1970)Edit

In late 1968 Stills joined David Crosby from the Byrds and Graham Nash from The Hollies to form Crosby, Stills & Nash. Several of Stills's songs on the group's debut album, including "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes" and "You Don't Have To Cry", were inspired by his on-again off-again relationship with singer Judy Collins. The cover photo on the LP was taken on the back porch of a house in West Hollywood that was torn down the next day. The album reached number 6 on the US charts and was certified quadruple platinum. Stills dominated the recording of the album. Crosby and Nash played guitar on their own songs respectively, while drummer Dallas Taylor played on four tracks and drummer Jim Gordon on a fifth. Stills played all the bass, organ, and lead guitar parts, as well as acoustic guitar on his own songs. "The other guys won't be offended when I say that one was my baby, and I kind of had the tracks in my head," Stills said.[10]

 
Crosby Stills Nash and Young 1970

Wanting to be able to tour and needing additional musicians to strengthen the sound, the band invited Neil Young to join them for their first tour and second album to make the group the quartet Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young. The first tour started in August 1969 and finished in January 1970. They recorded their album Déjà Vu at this time and released it in March 1970. During the recording the musicians frequently argued, particularly Young and Stills, who both fought for control. Stills brought to the album the songs "Carry On" and "4+20" and wrote "Everybody I Love You" with Neil Young. He also bought his version of Joni Mitchell's song "Woodstock" for the band to cover. The album hit number 1 on the US charts and was certified 7 times platinum there, selling over 8 million copies. In May 1970 CSNY recorded Young's "Ohio" following the Kent State massacre on May 4. The single's B side was Stills's "Find The Cost Of Freedom". The record was immediately released as a single by Atlantic Records, even though the group's "Teach Your Children" was still climbing the singles charts. After an extended second tour finishing in July 1970, the band split up, and Stills then moved to England and started recording his debut solo album.

In April 1971, CSNY released 4 Way Street, a double live album recorded in 1970. The album reached number 1 in 1971 on the US charts and was certified quadruple platinum in the US.

Having played at the Monterey Pop Festival with Buffalo Springfield and both Woodstock and Altamont with CSNY, Stills (along with Crosby) performed at three of the most iconic U.S. rock festivals of the 1960s.

 
Stephen Stills in 2011

Peak solo years (1970–1971)Edit

In the wake of CSNY's success, all four members recorded high-profile solo albums. In 1970, Stills released his eponymous solo debut album which featured guests Eric Clapton, Jimi Hendrix, Cass Elliot, Booker T. Jones and Ringo Starr (credited only as "Richie") as well as David Crosby, Graham Nash, Rita Coolidge and CSNY drummers Dallas Taylor and Johnny Barbata. It provided Stills with the U.S. No. 14 hit single "Love the One You're With.", and another US top 40 hit "Sit Yourself Down", peaking at 37. The album peaked at no 3 on the US charts, a solo career peak. At the time of release Stills solo album was the highest selling solo album out of the four. It was recorded in the UK, where Stills bought Ringo Starr's old mansion in Surrey, England.[13]

He appeared on the BBC TV show Disco 2 in January 1971.

Stills followed this album with Stephen Stills 2 only 6 months later, recorded in Miami, which featured "Change Partners" and "Marianne". Both these singles narrowly missed the US top 40, hitting 43 and 42 respectively, while the album reached number 8 on the charts. This album was certified US Gold only a month after release. Even though "Change Partners" was written before CSN formed, Nash saw it as a metaphor for the many relationships in CSNY. Stills recorded 23 songs for the album and originally wanted to release a double album but Atlantic wouldn't let him.[15] In support of this album Stills went on his first solo tour with an 8 piece band including the Memphis Horns, playing major arenas across the USA. It was during this tour he sold out Madison Square Garden, The Philadelphia Spectrum, LA Forum and the Boston Garden, arguably at his solo commercial peak.[13] He sold out MSG the day before George Harrison organised the Concert For Bangladesh, and Stills donated his stage, sound, lighting system and production manager but was upset when Harrison "neglected to invite him to perform, mention his name, or say thank you". Stills then spent the show drunk in Ringo Starr's dressing room, "barking at everyone".[16] Stills' Madison Square Garden show was professionally recorded and filmed but has never been released, although a filmed recording of "Go Back Home" was played in early 1972 on the Old Grey Whistle Test, and two acoustic tracks were released on Stills 2013 box set Carry On.

In 1971, Billboard magazine ranked him at number 34 top singles artist, number 44 top album artist, number 14 top singles male vocalist, number 12 top new singles vocalist, number 17 top album male vocalists, number 14 top new album artist, number 73 top producers, and ranked his debut album number 70 in the year end album charts.[17] Cashbox magazine, ranked Stephen Stills 2 as the number 51 album of 1971, and his debut as number 52, they ranked Stills as the number 3 best new vocalist, and the number 2 new male of 1971.

Also in 1971, Stills played guitar for the Bill Withers album, Just as I Am, including the Grammy-winning song, "Ain't No Sunshine".[18]

Manassas (1971–1973)Edit

In late 1971, Stills teamed up with ex-Byrd Chris Hillman to form the band Manassas. Their self-titled double album was a mixture of rock, country, blues, bluegrass and Latin music divided into different sections and peaked at number 4 in the US. It was certified US Gold a month after release but did not yield any more top 40 hits, only "It Doesn't Matter" reached 61 on the US charts. Stills spent the majority of 1972 playing live with Manassas on a world tour, which included headlining festivals in Australia, playing more arenas in the US including the Nassau Coliseum, and the Boston Garden. His concert at The Rainbow Theatre, London was recorded for BBC TV Special titled Stephen Stills Manassas: In Concert. He moved to Boulder, Colorado after this world tour finished and in March 1973 married French singer-songwriter Veronique Sanson in London England, after having met while at a Manassas gig in France, 1972.[13] In early 1972, Stills appeared in a UK documentary about himself called Sounding Out. Cashbox magazine ranked Stills as the number 52 top male vocalist of 1972. Billboard ranked Manassas as the number 53 album of 1972, and Stills as the number 75 album artist.

All of Stills' albums after Buffalo Springfield had gone either gold or platinum; the Manassas follow-up album the next year Down the Road was his first LP that did not, but still managed to reach 26 in the US charts. It was recorded less than a year after the debut double album, and encountered some issues with recording and not having enough Stills songs on the album. Also Atlantic were pushing for a far more commercially viable CSNY reunion. Which in June and July 1973, between the two 1973 Manassas tours at the start and end of the year, happened in Maui. As CSNY attempted to record an album tentatively called Human Highway. This album was never finished due to infighting. But after one final 1973 Manassas tour, during which CSN and CSNY reunited during the acoustic sections both at Winterland Arena concerts, a reunion was in the cards, and Manassas was over. Stills then sold his Surrey Home and relocated to Colorado.[13] The last date of the first 1973 Manassas tour was recorded for ABC In Concert. Cashbox magazine ranked Manassas as the number 58 group of 1973. Billboard ranked Down The Road as the number 36 of new album artists.

In 1972/73, Stephen left the services of David Geffen and set up his own publishing company with Ken Weiss, called Gold Hill Publishing, named after his home in Boulder, Colorado.

 
CSNY 8-1974 (3)

Solo and CSNY tours (1974)Edit

Stills spent early 1974 on a sold out East coast tour where he played well respected theatres, including Carnegie Hall. The 1975 live album Stephen Stills Live was made up of recordings from this tour. It was also during this tour that Stills announced the 1974 CSNY reunion concert tour. The CSNY reunion tour filled arenas and stadiums from July–August with sold-out shows, in the US and the UK, the first stadium tour of its kind, with an average concert attendance of 80,000. But due to lavish overspending by management, the tour actually made little money for the group. The boost in album sales, however, was tremendous. Resulting with the CSNY compilation album So Far reaching number 1 in the US and selling 6 million copies. After another aborted attempt at recording another CSNY album after the tour, Stills signed with Columbia Records in late 1974.[13] In 1973/1974, Stills was recording another solo album called As I Come Of Age which was put aside for the CSNY reunion tour. Many songs were used for the 1975 Stills album. In 1974, Stills played bass, and help mix his wife, Veronique Sanson's, record Le Maudit. He also played bass for her at two of her concerts in Paris in October 1974. On the 29th October, Stills played two short acoustic shows at Chances Arr in Michigan as a benefit for the democrat John Reuther's Campaign.[19] The next night, 30 October, Stills played two shows for democrat congressional candidate Bob Carr at the Stables, East Lansing, Michigan, then another unannounced acoustic slot at a Michigan University frat party.[20]

Signing to Columbia Records and The Stills Young Band (1975–1976)Edit

Stills signed to Columbia Records for three albums: Stills in 1975, Illegal Stills in 1976; and Thoroughfare Gap in 1978. Stills released in June 1975, was the highest charting release of the three at number 22 on the US charts, and also the most critically successful of the three, however still receiving a mixed reaction. Stills then spent the rest of year touring the US, doing a summer and winter tour playing to around 10,000 seat arenas, including the LA Forum, and Red Rocks Amphitheatre. Columbia records said it was close to reaching gold in late 1975. Stills played an acoustic set at the Bob Dylan organised Night of the Hurricane Benefit at the Huston Astrodome in January 1976. He next released Illegal Stills in May 1976, which reached number 31 on the US charts, but was not critically well received, nor produced any charting singles. Much of the criticism was aimed at the fact there was very little guitar playing on the album and too much of Donnie Dacus, so much so that it could have been a duo album. Around this time Stills played percussion on the Bee Gees' song "You Should Be Dancing" and wrote an unreleased song with Barry Gibb.[13] In retrospect Stills has commented on his mid-70s solo period saying he "short-circuited for a while, things were moving to fast. I got a little crazed. Too much drinking, too many drugs. What can I say."[21] Cashbox magazine ranker Stills as the number 29 top male vocalist of 1975.

In 1976 after the release of Illegal Stills, Stills attempted a reunion with Neil Young. At one point, Long May You Run was slated to be a CSNY record, but when Crosby and Nash left to fulfill recording and touring obligations,[22] they returned to find the other pair had wiped their vocals from the recordings, as Stills and Young decided to go on without them as the Stills-Young Band. However, Young would leave midway through the resulting tour due to an apparent throat infection.[22] Stills was contractually bound to finish the tour, which he did for three dates before it was cancelled with Chris Hillman helping him, but upon returning home, his wife — French singer-songwriter Véronique Sanson — announced she wanted a divorce and wished to move back to France, although they temporarily reunited. Stills would comment saying "1976 had been his worst year ever".

After all these issues Stills went out on tour, in November 1976, as a three piece, Stills on guitar, vocals, piano, George Perry on Bass, and Joe Vitale on drums. It was around this time Stills reunited with Crosby and Nash shortly afterwards, thanks to the efforts of Nash's future wife Susan, who got Nash to forgive Stills for wiping the Crosby and Nash vocals from Long May You Run. Not before Atlantic records released a compilation album from Stills first two solo albums, and the two Manassas albums in December 1976 called Still Stills: The Best Of Stephen Stills.[13] Cashbox magazine ranked Stills at number 27 for the top male vocalist of 1976, and Stills and Young as the number 6 duo, number 3 new duo, and number 20 best new artist of 1976. Stills, as Gold Hill publishing was having hits publishing for the band Firefall and Joey Stec, during this time, so much so that Billboard ranked him as the number 97 publisher of 1976.

 
Stephen Stills 1978 by Mitchell Weinstock

CSN reunion and solo years (1977–1979)Edit

Stills' performances with Crosby and Nash in late 1976 and early 1977 led to the permanent reunion of Crosby, Stills, and Nash. They released the CSN album in 1977 and unsuccessfully attempted another album in 1978. The band toured major arenas including Madison Square Garden and the LA Forum in 1977 and 1978, and during the 1977 tour they visited President Jimmy Carter in the White House. Stills released his final album on Columbia Records entitled Thoroughfare Gap in October 1978. This album was Stills' attempt at disco and was panned by critics. It was commercially unsuccessful and reached only number 84 on the US charts. In 1977 and 1978, Stills played only one solo engagement, at the Bread and Roses Festival in 1978.

After a four-day residency at the Roxy in January 1979 with original CSN bandmate Dallas Taylor on drums, Stills spent most of 1979 on tour in the US playing with his California Blues Band. One of these dates in early 1979 included a trip to Cuba to participate in the Havana Jam festival that took place between March 2 and 4, alongside Weather Report, the Trio of Doom, Fania All-Stars, Billy Swan, Bonnie Bramlett, Mike Finnigan, Kris Kristofferson, Rita Coolidge and Billy Joel, as well as an array of Cuban artists such as Irakere, with whom he toured the US after the Havana concerts. His performance is captured on Ernesto Juan Castellanos's documentary Havana Jam '79.

In 1979, Stills recorded one of the first entirely digital albums;[23] however, it remains unreleased, as the record company did not feel it was commercial enough.[24] The songs recorded for this album include "Spanish Suite" and "Cuba al Fin" and the 1982 CSN hit "Southern Cross". The album was produced by Barry Beckett and was slated for release in 1979 or 1980.

CSN played only two dates in 1979, both at Madison Square Garden for Musicians United for Safe Energy. Their performance was released on The Muse Concerts for a Non-Nuclear Future.

In 1979, Stills's wife, Veronique Sanson, filed for divorce, which was finalized on July 12, 1980.[25]

1980sEdit

After playing some European dates in 1980, and with Graham Nash joining him for the German dates supporting Angelo Branduardi, Stills and Nash decided to record a duo album together. The record company refused to release this album without David Crosby, so they added him and CSN's Daylight Again was released in 1982, reaching number 8 in the US and was certified Platinum. The album featured the Stills-written top twenty hit "Southern Cross". In 1983, the CSN live album Allies, was released featuring Stills's number 45 hit song "War Games". CSN toured yearly from 1982–1989, except during 1986, due to David Crosby's prison sentence.

 
Stills performance in Essen, West Germany, on June 17, 1983

In 1984, Stills released his first solo album in 6 years, Right by You on Atlantic Records. This would be the final Stills album to make the Billboard 200 album chart and featured Jimmy Page on guitar. It was his last solo release on a major label. The album was a critical and commercial failure, many citing his adoption of 80s drum machines and synths not working well.

In 1985 CSN and CSNY played Live Aid.

In 1988, CSNY reunited for the album American Dream, which reached number 12 on the US charts and was certified platinum in the US. However no tour was taken in support of the album. Supposedly due to Stills's drug issues. It was during this time Stills was supposed to have said he served in Vietnam in the 60s when in reality he was in the Buffalo Springfield.

In 1988, he married Thai model Pamela Anne Jordan, with whom he had a daughter, Eleanor.

1990sEdit

In 1990, CSN released the album Live It Up, their first not to be certified in the US since their debut.

Stills toured with CSN, in 1990, 1994, 1996, 1997 and 1999.

Having spent most of 1990 playing acoustic with CSN and solo he released the solo album Stills Alone in 1991, with the aim of releasing a solo electric album in 1992. However this solo electric album was never released.

In 1994, CSN released the album After The Storm.

From 1993 to 1995 part owned a restaurant in New Orleans, called Toucan Du.[26] He married his third wife, Kristen Hathaway, on May 27, 1996.

In 1997, Stills became the first person to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice on the same night for his work with CSN and Buffalo Springfield. Fender Guitars crafted a custom guitar and presented it to Stills to commemorate the occasion, a Telecaster-style guitar bearing an inscription on the neck plate.

In 1999, CSNY reunited to release the album Looking Forward, it reached number 26 on the US charts.

2000sEdit

This CSNY reunion resulted in CSNY reunion tours 2000 CSNY2K, 2002 and 2006 reunion tours, their first since 1974. The CSNY2K tour of the United States and Canada with the reformed super quartet earned US$42.1 million, making it the eighth largest grossing tour of 2000. The 2006 CSNY tour was the Freedom Of Speech tour, which was released on the album Deja Vu Live.. Stills also toured with CSN in 2003, 2005, 2007, 2008 and 2009. The 2005 tour supported their Gold certified album Greatest Hits, their 2009 tour supported the CSN demos album Demos.

2005 saw Stills release Man Alive!, his first solo offering in 14 years. Man Alive! was released on the small English independent folk rock label Talking Elephant, and was not widely reviewed. The record did not chart on either side of the Atlantic, and was received lukewarmly by the few critics who did review it.[27][28] It featured songs dating from the 70s to the present, including "Spanish Suite", originally recorded in the late 70s with Herbie Hancock.

Throughout 2006 and 2007, Stills toured regularly as a solo artist with "the Quartet", which consisted of drummer Joe Vitale, either Mike Finnigan or session player Todd Caldwell on keyboards, and either Kevin McCormick or Kenny Passarelli on bass. On May 28, 2007, Stills sang the national anthem for Game 1 of the 2007 Stanley Cup Finals between the Anaheim Ducks and Ottawa Senators in Anaheim, California. On December 17, 2007, Graham Nash revealed on Larry King Live that Stills had been diagnosed with early stage prostate cancer and that his operation would take place on January 3, 2008, which is Stills' birthday.[29] Stills said later in January 2008 that he had come through the operation with "flying colors."[30]

In 2007 he released Just Roll Tape, a recently found tape of Stills singing demos of his unreleased songs in 1968 after the breakup of the Buffalo Springfield, during the last hour of a Judy Collins session.

Stills toured Europe as a solo artist for the first time during October 2008, resulted in the release of the 2009 live album and video Live At Shepherds Bush, recorded in London, England.

Also in 2009, he released his second archival release Pieces by Manassas, a selection of alternate takes and unreleased songs of Stills band recorded between 1971–1973. This was supposed to be the start in a series of archival releases, however none have appeared since.

2010sEdit

Stills toured with CSN in 2010, 2012, 2014, 2015. The 2012 tour resulted in the release CSN 2012.

In 2011, Stills contributed a song, "Low Barefoot Tolerance," to the soundtrack of a documentary produced by J. Ralph, Wretches & Jabberers.

Also in 2010, Stills reunited with Neil Young and Richie Furay to reform Buffalo Springfield for Young Bridge School Benefit, the 6 dates in 2011. This was supposed to be followed by a full tour in 2012 but this never materialised.[31]

On August 27, 2013, Stills released the album, Can't Get Enough with Kenny Wayne Shepherd and Barry Goldberg as the blues band the Rides. The band toured to support this release in 2013. They released a follow up album called Pierced Arrow in 2016, this was followed by another tour to support this release in 2016 -2017.

On August 12, 2014, Watsky released the album All You Can Do, featuring a song with Stills, "Cannonball."

In 2016, CSN split up after over 30 years together, and in December 2016 Stills independently released a song called "Look Each Other In The Eye" on Soundcloud.[32]

On September 22, 2017 Stills and Judy Collins released an album Everybody Knows which entered the "Billboard 200" chart at number 195 and peaked at 45, it was their first joint album and was followed by a tour supporting the album.[33]

Personal lifeEdit

Stills was involved with musician Judy Collins from 1968 to 1969 and wrote the song "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes" for her. He dated actress and singer-songwriter Nancy Priddy, who was the inspiration for the Buffalo Springfield song "Pretty Girl Why".[34][35] Stills also had a short-term relationship with Rita Coolidge, as had Graham Nash, which apparently led to the initial breakup of CSNY, in 1970.[36] During a Manassas tour in France, Stills met his first wife, the singer-songwriter Véronique Sanson. They were married on March 14, 1973. Their son Christopher was born in 1974. They divorced in 1979.[37] In 1976, Stills told Rolling Stone, "My hearing has gotten to be a terrible problem. If I keep playing and touring the way I have been, I'll go deaf."[38] In 1988, he married Thai model Pamela Anne Jordan, with whom he had a daughter, Eleanor. His third wife is Kristen Hathaway (Kristen Stills), whom he married on May 27, 1996.

Stills's son, Justin Stills, was born in 1972 to Harriet Tunis. Justin was critically injured while snowboarding on Mt. Charleston, just outside Las Vegas, in 1997. An episode of Discovery Health's documentary series Trauma: Life in the ER featured his treatment and recovery.[39] Another son, Henry, has been diagnosed with Asperger syndrome[40] and is profiled in the 2007 documentary Autism: The Musical. Stills' daughter Eleanor is a photographer and graduate of Art Center College of Design in Pasadena. Since Eleanor's graduation, she has been responsible for all recent Crosby, Stills & Nash photography. Stills has another daughter, Alex, who attends Emerson College in Boston. His son Chris and daughter Jennifer are both recording artists. His youngest son, Oliver Ragland, was born in 2004 and named in honor of Neil Young, whose maternal family name is Ragland.[41]

Stills has long been involved in liberal causes and politics. In 2000, he served as a member of the Democratic Party credentials committee from Florida during the Democratic National Convention, and was a delegate in previous years.[42]

 
Stills at the Beacon Theatre, October 2012

In December 2018, Stills received an Honorary Doctorate in Music from the University of Florida, Gainesville, where he was a speaker at the commencement ceremony.

Style, musicianship, and soundEdit

Stills is a guitarist whose music draws from myriad genres that include rock and roll, blues, gospel, country and folk music. In addition, Latin music has played a key role in both his approach to percussion and guitar and he is also a multi-instrumentalist, capable of playing keyboards, bass, percussion, congas, clavinet, electric piano, piano, organ, banjo and drums.[43]

Stills experimented with the guitar itself, including soaking strings in barbecue sauce[44] or flipping pickups to mimic Hendrix playing a right-handed guitar left-handed. He is also known for using alternate guitar tunings, particularly when performing acoustically. Often a long acoustic solo section of the show would showcase agile fingerstyle playing in standard and altered tunings. His primary alternate tuning is usually D A D F♯ A D, or "Palmer modal tuning", which can be heard in "Suite: Judy Blue Eyes," "Carry On," and "4 + 20."[45]

For the CSN debut album in 1969, Graham Nash commented that "Stephen had a vision, and David and I let him run with it."[46] Stills played every instrumental part on Crosby, Stills and Nash with the exception of some guitar by Crosby and Nash, and drums by Dallas Taylor.

DiscographyEdit

See also discographies for Crosby Stills Nash & Young, Buffalo Springfield, Manassas and The Rides.

AlbumsEdit

Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales (as of 1974) Certifications
US

[47]

Cash

Box

[48]

Record

World

[49]

GER

[50]

NDL

[51]

AUS

[52]

IT

[53]

SW

[54]

NZ

[55]

NOR

[56]

UK

[57]

CAN

[58]

as a member of Au Go Go Singers (1963–1965)
They Call Us Au Go Go Singers
as a member of Buffalo Springfield (1966-1968)
Buffalo Springfield 80 54 54
Buffalo Springfield Again 44 33 36
Last Time Around 42 18 16
Retrospective: The Best Of Buffalo Springfield

(compilation)

42 65 58
Buffalo Springfield

(compilation)

104 69 93
as Bloomfield/Kooper/Stills (1968)
Super Session 12 18 14 18
Solo (1970–present)
Stephen Stills 3 5 2 5 8 10 12 8 7
Stephen Stills 2 8 6 8 2 19 5 7 22 11
with Manassas (1972-1973)
Manassas 4 6 4 34 1 17 23 8 6 30 9
Down the Road 26 25 18 18 33 31
Pieces (compilation) X X
Solo (1975–present)
Stills 19 12 11 19 33 25
Stephen Stills Live (live) 42 44 44 96
Illegal Stills 31 49 43 17 54 31
as Stills-Young Band (1976)
Long May You Run
  • Released: September 10, 1976
  • Label: Reprise
26 15 22 3 17 19 12 26
Solo (1976–present)
Still Stills: The Best Of

Stephen Stills (compilation)

127 145 145
Thoroughfare Gap 83 135 140 82
Right By You 75 92 X
Stills Alone
  • Released: September 11, 1991
  • Label: Vision/Gold Hill Records
X
Turnin' Back The Pages

(compilation)

X X
Man Alive!
  • Released: August 9, 2005
  • Label: Titan/Pryamid Records
X X
Just Roll Tape
  • Released: July 10, 2007
  • Label: Rhino/Eyewall
X X
Live At Shepherd's Bush[64] (live)
  • Released: November 2, 2009
  • Label: Eyewall Records
X X
Carry On (compilation) X X 83
as a member of The Rides (2013–present)
Can't Get Enough[65] 39 X X 15 69 43 17 87
Pierced Arrow[67] 152 X X 35 91
with Judy Collins (2017) as Stills & Collins
Everybody Knows 195 X X 178
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

SinglesEdit

Year Title[68] Peak chart positions Album Label
US

[47]

Cash

Box

[48]

Record

World

[49]

US

AC

[47]

NDL

[51]

FIN AUS

[52]

UK

[57]

CAN

[58]

1968 "Season Of The Witch" b/w

"Albert's Shuffle"

Super Session Columbia
1970 "Love the One You're With" b/w

"To A Flame"

14 16 10 32 9 28 29 37 6 Stephen Stills Atlantic
1971 "Sit Yourself Down" b/w

"We Are Not Helpless"

37 31 35 24
"Change Partners" b/w

"Relaxing Town"

43 38 40 22 42 Stephen Stills 2
"Marianne" b/w

"Nothin' To Do But Today"

42 31 33 28 17
1972 "It Doesn't Matter" b/w

"Rock & Roll Crazies Medley"

61 49 46 48 Manassas
"Rock & Roll Crazies Medley" b/w

"Colorado"

92 111 86
1973 "Isn't It About Time" b/w

"So Many Times"

56 62 62 77 Down The Road
"Down The Road" b/w

"Guaguancó De Veró"

129
1975 "Turn Back The Pages" b/w

"Shuffle Just As Bad"

84 76 115 Stills Columbia
1976 "Buyin' Time" b/w

"Soldier"

Illegal Stills
"The Loner" b/w

"Stateline Blues"

"Long May You Run" b/w

"12/8 Blues (All the Same)"

122 18 Long May You Run Reprise
"Midnight on the Bay" b/w

"Black Coral"

105
1978 "Can't Get No Booty' b/w

"Lowdown"

Thoroughfare Gap Columbia
"Thoroughfare Gap" b/w

"Lowdown"

1984 "Stranger" b/w

"No Hiding Place"

81 63 X Right By You Atlantic
"Can't Let Go" b/w

"Grey To Green"

67 77 X 17
"Only Love Can Break Your Heart" b/w

"Love Again"

X
2005 "Wounded World' b/w

"Acadienne"

X X Man Alive! Titan/Pyramid Records
2016 "Look Each Other In The Eye" X X No Album Independently released

on Soundcloud[32]

"—" denotes releases that did not chart, "X" denotes no chart published
"Stranger" also reached number 12 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.

Other appearancesEdit

Year Artist Album/Single Note
1968 Joni Mitchell Song to a Seagull Bass
Mama Cass Dream a Little Dream Guitar
Judy Collins Who Knows Where the Time Goes Electric Guitar, Acoustic Guitar, Bass
Joan Baez Any Day Now: Songs of Bob Dylan Guitar
The Monkees Head Guitar
Richie Havens Richard P. Havens, 1983 Guitar
1969 Joni Mitchell Clouds Guitar, Bass
Jefferson Airplane Volunteers Hammond Organ
1970 John Sebastian John B. Sebastian Lead Guitar, Guitar
Eric Clapton Eric Clapton Guitar
Timothy Leary You Can Be Anyone This Time Around Guitar
Doris Troy Doris Troy Guitar
Neil Young After the Gold Rush Vocals
1971 Ringo Starr "It Don't Come Easy" Piano
Rita Coolidge Rita Coolidge Guitar, Acoustic Guitar
Jimi Hendrix The Cry of Love Piano
Bill Withers Just as I Am Guitar
Joni Mitchell Blue Guitar, Bass
1972 Neil Young Harvest Backing Vocals
Humble Pie Smokin' Organ, Backing Vocals
Mickey Hart Rolling Thunder Bass, Mixing
Joni Mitchell For the Roses Rock 'n' Roll band
Neil Young Journey Through the Past
1974 Veronique Sanson Le Maudit Bass, Mixing
Elvin Jones Juke Joint Jump Guitar
1975 The Rolling Stones Metamorphosis Said to have played guitar on 'I'm Going Down'
Neil Young Zuma Bass, Backing Vocals
1976 Bee Gees Children of the World Percussion on 'You Should Be Dancing'
1977 Saturday Night Fever
1977 Dave Mason Let It Flow Harmony Vocals
1978 Dave Mason Mariposa de Oro Backing Vocals
1979 Hoyt Axton A Rusty Halo Guitar
Various Artists Havana Jam Live Album Contributes song - 'Cuba Al Fin'
1980 Graham Nash Earth & Sky Rhythm Guitar
1981 Joe Vitale Plantation Harbor Vocals
Michael Schenker Group MSG Backing Vocals
Ringo Starr Stop and Smell the Roses Lead Guitar, Vocals, Producer
1982 Firefall Break of Dawn Electric Guitar, Piano, Vocals
Bernard Swell Priez Pour Moi
1986 Steve Alaimo Steve Alaimo Guitar
1997 Jimi Hendrix First Rays of the New Rising Sun Piano
1998 Public Enemy He Got Game Vocals, Guitar
1999 The Jimmy Rodgers All Stars Blues Blues Blues Vocals, Guitar
2006 Richie Furay Heartbeat of Love Harmony Vocals
2011 Various Artists Soundtrack Wretches & Jabberers[69] Contributed the song "Low Barefoot Tolerance"
2012 Neil Young and Crazy Horse Americana Guitar, Vocals
2013 Jimi Hendrix People, Hell and Angels Bass Guitar
2014 Watsky All You Can Do Vocals - "Cannonball"
2018 Jimi Hendrix Both Sides of the Sky Songwriter - "20$ Fine", organ, vocals

Filmography and TV AppearancesEdit

Year Film/TV Notes
1969 The Dick Cavett Show Played 4+20
Supershow Played Black Queen
1971 Pop 2 French TV Show
Beat-Workshop German TV Show
1972 Sounding Out British Documentary
The Old Grey Whistle Test Live footage of Go Back Home from Madison Square Garden 1971
Beat Club With Manassas
TopPop With Manassas, Dutch TV Show
BBC In Concert[disambiguation needed] With Manassas
With Manassas, Australia TV Show for Mulwala Festival
1973 ABC In Concert With Manassas
Journey Through The Past Neil Young Film
1983 Na Sowas!
Salute! With Larry Gatlin and The Gatlin Brothers
1984 American Bandstand

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Stephen Stills And Judy Collins Celebrate 50 Years Of Musical Friendship With First-ever Album Together - 'Stills & Collins' Out September 22 (Wildflower/Cleopatra)". stephenstills.com. Stephen Stills. June 20, 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "UPI Almanac for Thursday, Jan. 3, 2019". United Press International. January 3, 2019. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved September 3, 2019. Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Stephen Stills (Buffalo Springfield, Crosby, Stills and Nash in 1945 (age 74)
  3. ^ Rolling Stone The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time 2003-08-27.
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  8. ^ McDonough 2002, p. 452.
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  10. ^ a b Zimmer, Dave. Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Biography, Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, 2008, p. 8.
  11. ^ Bradley, William. "'Buffalo Springfield Again' at 50: Meet the (Almost) American Beatles". Huff Post.com. Oath, Inc. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
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  33. ^ "Top 200 Albums".
  34. ^ Richie Unterberger, Eight Miles High: Folk-Rock's Flight from Haight-Ashbury to Woodstock (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2003), ISBN 978-0879307431, pp. 120-121. Excerpts available at Google Books.
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  56. ^ "norwegiancharts.com - Norwegian charts portal". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
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  58. ^ a b Canada, Library and Archives (July 17, 2013). "Results: RPM Weekly". www.bac-lac.gc.ca. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
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  63. ^ "Gold & Platinum - RIAA". RIAA. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
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External linksEdit