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Déjà Vu (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young album)

Déjà Vu is the second album by Crosby, Stills & Nash, and their first as a quartet with Neil Young. It was released in March 1970 by Atlantic Records, catalogue SD 7200. It topped the pop album chart for one week and generated three Top 40 singles: "Woodstock", "Teach Your Children", and "Our House". It was re-released in 1977 as SD-19188 and the cover was changed from black to brown. In 2003, the album was ranked #148 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. Certified septuple platinum by RIAA, the album's sales currently sit at over 8 million copies. It remains the highest-selling album of each member's career to date.[5]

Déjà vu
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young - Deja Vu.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedMarch 11, 1970
RecordedJuly, 1969 – January, 1970
StudioWally Heider's Studio C
San Francisco
Wally Heider's Studio III
Los Angeles
Genre
Length36:24
LabelAtlantic
ProducerCrosby, Stills, Nash & Young
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young chronology
Crosby, Stills & Nash
(1969)
Déjà vu
(1970)
4 Way Street
(1971)
Singles from Déjà vu
  1. "Woodstock"
    Released: March 1970
  2. "Teach Your Children"
    Released: May 1970
  3. "Our House"
    Released: September 1970
  4. "Carry On"
    Released: November 1970
Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
Allmusic5/5 stars[1]
Christgau's Record GuideB–[2]
Rolling Stone(Mixed)[3]
The Village VoiceB+[4]

HistoryEdit

Déjà Vu was greatly anticipated after the popularity of the first CSN album. Stephen Stills estimates that the album took around 800 hours of studio time to record; this figure may be exaggerated, even though the individual tracks display meticulous attention to detail.[6] The songs, except for "Woodstock", were recorded as individual sessions by each member, with each contributing whatever was needed that could be agreed upon. Young appears on only half of the tracks, and drummer Dallas Taylor and bassist Greg Reeves are credited on the cover with their names in slightly smaller typeface while Grateful Dead guitarist Jerry Garcia plays pedal steel guitar on "Teach Your Children" and former Lovin' Spoonful leader John Sebastian plays harmonica on the title track.

Four singles were released from the album with all but the last, "Carry On," charting on the Billboard Hot 100. The song "Country Girl" by Young is a suite put together from three song fragments entitled "Whiskey Boot Hill," "Down Down Down," and "Country Girl (I Think You're Pretty)," and is so identified in the credits.

The popularity of the album contributed to the success of the four albums released by each of the members in the wake of Déjà vu – Neil Young's After the Gold Rush, Stephen Stills' self-titled solo debut, David Crosby's If I Could Only Remember My Name, and Graham Nash's Songs for Beginners. In 2003, the album was placed at number 148 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time,[7] moving up to 147 in a 2012 revised listing.[8] The same year, the TV network VH1 named Déjà vu the 61st greatest album of all time. The album ranked at #14 for the Top 100 Albums of 1970 and #217 overall by Rate Your Music.

The album was issued on compact disc a second time September 6, 1994 after being remastered from the original tapes at Ocean View Digital by Joe Gastwirt. In 1997 guitarist Fareed Haque covered the entire album in jazz form for the Blue Note Cover Series.

Track listingEdit

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
1."Carry On"Stephen StillsStills4:26
2."Teach Your Children"Graham NashNash2:53
3."Almost Cut My Hair"David CrosbyCrosby4:31
4."Helpless"Neil YoungYoung3:33
5."Woodstock"Joni MitchellStills3:54
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
1."Déjà Vu"David CrosbyCrosby4:12
2."Our House"Graham NashNash2:59
3."4 + 20"Stephen StillsStills2:04
4."Country Girl (Whiskey Boot Hill, Down Down Down, Country Girl (I Think You're Pretty))"Neil YoungYoung with Crosby, Stills & Nash5:11
5."Everybody I Love You"
  • Stephen Stills
  • Neil Young
Stills with Crosby & Nash2:21

PersonnelEdit

  • David Crosby – vocals all tracks except "4+20"; rhythm guitar on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Woodstock," "Déjà vu," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"
  • Stephen Stills – vocals all tracks except "Almost Cut My Hair"; guitars all tracks except "Our House"; keyboards on "Carry On," "Helpless," "Woodstock," and "Déjà Vu"; bass on "Carry On," "Teach Your Children," and "Déjà vu"; percussion on "Carry On"
  • Graham Nash – vocals all tracks except "Almost Cut My Hair" and "4+20"; keyboards on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Woodstock," "Our House," and "Everybody I Love You"; rhythm guitar on "Teach Your Children" and "Country Girl"; percussion on "Carry On" and "Teach Your Children"
  • Neil Young – vocals on "Helpless" and "Country Girl"; guitars on "Almost Cut My Hair," "Helpless," "Woodstock," "Country Girl," and "Everybody I Love You"; keyboards, harmonica on "Country Girl"

Additional musicians

Production

ChartsEdit

Weekly charts

Chart (1970) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[9] 1
UK Albums (OCC)[10] 5
US Billboard 200[11] 1

SinglesEdit

Billboard (United States)[12]
Year Single Chart Position
1970 "Our House" US Billboard Hot 100 30
"Teach Your Children" 16
"Woodstock" 11

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
France (SNEP)[13] Platinum 300,000*
Germany (BVMI)[14] Gold 250,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)[15] Gold 25,000^
United States (RIAA)[16] 7× Platinum 7,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eder, Bruce. "Déjà Vu". AllMusic. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: C". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved February 23, 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  3. ^ Winner, Langdon (April 30, 1970). "Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young Deja vu > Album Review". Rolling Stone (57). p. 53. Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ Christgau, Robert (May 28, 1970). "Consumer Guide (10)". The Village Voice. Retrieved October 11, 2017 – via robertchristgau.com.
  5. ^ "NEIL YOUNG, BOB SEGER and CROSBY, STILLS, NASH & YOUNG.....USA album sales". Greasy Lake Community.
  6. ^ Zimmer, Dave, and Diltz, Henry. Crosby, Stills & Nash: The Authorized Biography. 1984, ISBN 0-312-17660-0, p. 115.
  7. ^ Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) [2005]. "148 | Déjà vu – Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007.
  8. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  9. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Deja vu". Hung Medien. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
  10. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
  11. ^ "Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved September 13, 2017.
  12. ^ Déjà Vu – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles at AllMusic. Retrieved 19 November 2004.
  13. ^ "French album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Déjà Vu" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  14. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Deja Vu')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  15. ^ "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young; 'Déjà vu')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  16. ^ "American album certifications – Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young – Deja Vu". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 1 October 2012. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.