Stavyshche

Stavyshche (Ukrainian: Ставище) is an urban-type settlement in the Kyiv Oblast (province) in northern Ukraine, on the Hnylyi Tikych river. It is the administrative center of Stavyshche Raion. Population: 6,218 (2020 est.)[1]. In 2001, population was 7,929.

Stavyshche

Ставище
Outskirts over Hnylyi Tikych
Outskirts over Hnylyi Tikych
Coat of arms of Stavyshche
Coat of arms
Stavyshche is located in Kyiv Oblast
Stavyshche
Stavyshche
Location of Velyka Dymerka in Ukraine
Stavyshche is located in Ukraine
Stavyshche
Stavyshche
Stavyshche (Ukraine)
Coordinates: Coordinates: 49°23′29″N 30°11′30″E / 49.39139°N 30.19167°E / 49.39139; 30.19167
Country Ukraine
Oblast Kyiv Oblast
RaionStavyshche Raion
First mentioned1622
Population
 (2001)
 • Total7,929
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

HistoryEdit

At the end of the 16th century on the territory that belonged to the Bila Tserkva starosta S.Lubomirski appeared a small settlement that was named as Lubomir.[2] However, after several raids by Crimean Tatars it was razed.[2] Only separate dwellings have survived among the local ponds.[2] Note, the word stav in both Polish and Ukrainian languages means a pond, while suffix -shche (-shcha) means a geographic area, land. At the beginning of the 17th century the village of Stavyshche is mentioned in a list of the Ruzinski's domain.[2] It is the first recorded mentioning of its existence.[2] In 1622 it is already mentioned as one of villages of magnate Chodkiewicz in Kiev Voivodeship and was relieved of all taxes due its impoverishment by suffering from raids by Crimean Tatars and permanent stationing in the area of the Polish Royal troops.[2] In 1635 Stavyshche was mentioned already as a town that had defensive fortifications and military garrison.[2] It was granted the rights of Magdeburg law, according to which the local craftsmen were joining in crafts shops.[2]

The town joined the Khmelnytsky Uprising of 1648-54.[2] Just before the uprising one of Khmelnytskyi's envoys Yarema Konchevskyi who arrived to the town was reassured by its residents that the city's guns will not cause harm to the insurgents.[2] It became a company (hundered)[clarification needed] center of Bila Tserkva Regiment.[2] In 1655 Bohdan Khmelnytsky engaged the Polish-Tatars army in battle at Stavyshche.[2]

A decade later the town was the center of the Varenytsia Uprising. Its inhabitants did not accept the town’s return to Polish rule (1667) and rebelled repeatedly in the course of the next century (1702—04, 1730s, 1750s). With the partition of Poland in 1793, Stavyshche was annexed by Russia, and became part of Tarashcha county in the Kiev Governorate.

In the 19th century it acquired a distillery, flour mill, and brick factory. By 1900 its population had reached 8,500. Today the town has a construction company and a food industry.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Stavyshche. The History of Cities and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR

External linksEdit