St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

St. Xavier's College is a private higher education college in Kolkata, India. Founded in 1860, it is named after St. Francis Xavier, a Jesuit saint of the 16th century, who travelled to India. In 2006, it became the first autonomous college in West Bengal, India,[2] and is affiliated to the University of Calcutta.

St. Xavier's College (SXC)
Image of the campus
The campus
MottoNihil Ultra (Latin)
Motto in English
Nothing Beyond
TypeGovernment-aided
Established16 January 1860; 161 years ago (16 January 1860)
FounderBelgium Jesuit missionaries
Religious affiliation
Jesuit (Roman Catholic)
Academic affiliation
University of Calcutta
RectorRev. Fr. Jeyaraj Veluswamy S.J.[1]
PrincipalRev. Dr.Dominic Savio S.J.[1]
Location
30, Park Street
Kolkata – 700016
(Map)
CampusUrban
ColoursGreen and white    
AthleticsTrack and field
NicknameThe Xaverians
SportsBasketball, cricket, football, volleyball, table tennis
Websitewww.sxccal.edu
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata logo.jpg

The National Institutional Ranking Framework has ranked the college 7th equal in India in 2020.[3][4]

HistoryEdit

 
The Crest has remained the same, since it was undertaken in 1905.

The college was founded in 1860 by the Jesuits, an all-male Catholic religious order formed by Saint Ignatius of Loyola. The college is named after Francis Xavier, the 16th century Spanish Jesuit saint. The founder of the college is Fr. Henri Depelchin . He had overseen most of the ground work, during the foundation years.[5]

Sans Souci theatreEdit

30 Park Street (now Mother Teresa Sarani), Kolkata-700016, was where the Sans Souci theatre was located, before 1843. A fire broke out in 1843, leaving nothing but ashes. This same address was later bought by 7 Jesuits, who had arrived from Belgium. It is here, that the present day campus stands tall.[6]

Foundation yearsEdit

The present 30, Park Street address where the college is situated, is an amalgamation of numbers 10 and 11 of Park Street. Premise number 11, was bought for Rs 45,000.00, by Fr. Depelchen. These funds were made possible with the generous donations of the Anglo-Indians and with help from the home Province of Belgium. Park street is located in the heart of Kolkata and is a landmark street in the city, a melting pot of its diverse cultural, culinary, social and intellectual milieu.

Principals
  • Verstraeten, SJ, 1959 -1966
  • Jacques de Bonhome, SJ, 1966–1976
  • Joseph D' Souza, SJ, 1977–1995
  • P. C. Mathew, SJ, 1995–2008
  • J. Felix Raj, SJ, 2009–2017
  • Dominic Savio S.J. 2017–present
 
St. Xavier's College, Kolkata

The very first class had as few as 40 students. Later, in 1862, two years after its inception, the college was affiliated to the Calcutta University.

 
The Goethals library deserves a special mention in the history of the institution.

However, there was a paucity of funds for expansion work in terms of class rooms and to accommodate the Jesuits fathers. So The Rector appealed to the public of Calcutta in newspapers for generous assistance and was responded with magnanimity by well wishers of the city in 1864. Besides Fr Depelchin and his assistant and Br. Koppes the builder went around personally collecting funds. The present imposing 5 storied building was built in an interval of 6 years, from 1934 to 1940 at a cost of Rs 9 lakhs, which was collected partly from the public of Calcutta, assistance from Belgium, and the huge rental received from the American army that occupied the building during the second war.[7][8] Expansion of the college has been a ceaseless effort, with a campus slated to come up in Salt Lake City, Kolkata and a second boys' hostel not far away from the existing one.

Goethals LibraryEdit

The Goethals library, which is located above the College Chapel, houses some of the oldest periodicals, journals and books. The treasures were inherited by the Jesuit Fathers in 1908, from the then Archbishop of Calcutta, Paul Goethals, S.J. Today, the treasures are well preserved and the library has become a spot of historical significance.

Postal stampEdit

A commemorative stamp was issued by the Indian Post on 12th, April 1985 depicting the college campus. Thus recognizing the college's contribution to society.[7]

CoursesEdit

 
A computer science class

The college has Morning batch for boys only, that offers the Bachelor of Commerce degree. The Day section of the college houses the Arts and Science departments which offer undergraduate (honours) degrees in various subjects like English, Bengali, Political Science, Sociology, Microbiology, Computer Science, Animation and Multimedia, Mass Communication and Videography, Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, and Economics. Masters programs in Commerce (evening session), Biotechnology (integrated 5-year MSc), Physics, Microbiology and Education are housed in the college along with the co-educational Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Business Administration programs.[9]

The college, in its first ever foreign collaboration, has entered into a tie-up with the University of Manitoba, Canada. The MOU was unveiled on 4 Feb 2008 by the principal of the college, Father PC Mathew and the dean of the faculty of food and agricultural sciences at Manitoba University, Professor Michael Trevan.[10]

InfrastructureEdit

 
A classroom
 
The library

The college classes are spread over four floors across two buildings. There are over 50 classrooms, half a dozen audio-visual rooms and three computer laboratories, each with a capacity to seat over 70 people.

The college also has well-equipped physics, chemistry and biotechnology laboratories to support the requirements of their respective departments; the Mass Communication and Videography department has a video library to assist its film students. The Central Library, spread over two floors, houses reference books from a gamut of different subjects, in addition to numerous periodicals, again from diverse fields; scientific journals and archives are also available as are books on fiction. The auditorium, equipped with state-of-the-art sound and lighting systems, has a seating capacity of over 800 people. The football, and basketball courts are located behind the main college building and are shared between the college students and the students of St. Xavier's Collegiate School, the secondary section of which is housed in an adjacent flank of the college building.

 
Socialising at the 'green benches'

HangoutsEdit

The canteen, the "Green Benches" - a popular, wi-fi enabled, student hangout area and Fr. Joris's Corner- an in-house stationery shop, are located parallel to the sports grounds. These are very heavily buzzing places during off periods and breaks.[11]

The "Green Benches" has become the best place, in the campus, for hanging out and having fun. The spot has a citywide reputation, for socializing and indulging in 'intelligent talks' with classmates.

Popular cultureEdit

 
Ranbir Kapoor and Priyanka Chopra, promoting their film Barfi! on the capmus

The college has a culture of festivals- inter- and intra-college that span its academic calendar; that apart, the college campus and auditorium are often chosen as venues by outsider parties, in collaboration with the college, to host discussions and events. The college has also played host to numerous celebrity guests:

 
Mamta Banerjee, Convocation Ceremony 2011

Convocation – keynote speakersEdit

Community and clubsEdit

Apart from doing service to the community in the educational sphere, St. Xavier's is also involved in the environmental issues, youth welfare, women's welfare and poverty reduction.

The college has an elected non-political student body called St. Xavier's College Student Council (SXCSC) which co-ordinates all the cultural activities on the campus.

The college also has many active clubs, which are aimed at building leadership, creativity and managerial qualities in students. A list of clubs and societies are mentioned below:[12]

 
Some of the societies and cells at St. Xavier's
  • Leadership Training Service (LTS)[13]
  • Fine Arts Society
  • National Cadet Corps (NCC)
  • National Service Scheme (NSS)
  • The Sports Department
  • Hindi Literary Society (HLS)
  • Bengali Literary Society (BLS)
  • Xavierian Theatrical Society (XTS)
  • Xavier's Academy of Dance & Music (XADAM)
  • Xaverian Center for Equality and Liberty (XCEL)[14]
  • Xavier's Commerce Society (XCS)
  • Xavier's Management Society (XMS)
  • The English Academy
  • The Debating Society (XDS)
  • The Placement Cell[15]

Sports and festivalsEdit

 
Sports day
 
Intra-college basketball

The college has facilities for playing sports like: Football, Basketball, Hockey, Volleyball, Cricket, Table Tennis, Badminton, Caroom and Foosball. These games are played throughout the year at both intra-college and inter-college levels.

A sports day is organised, every year in December. Students of the college, compete in various track and field events, on this day, amidst huge audiences from all over the city.

St.Xavier's College has some of the best festivals at the Undergraduate level in the country.

  • XAVOTSAV, the cultural festival is held annually in late January or early February.[16] Most colleges of Kolkata are invited to participate in events like Band Performance, Neon Dance, Classical Dance, Singing etc. This festival is organized by the Students Union along with the alumni body of the college.
  • LITERARIA is the annual, inter-college festival of "The English Academy" which has hosted, of late, speakers like Ruskin Bond.
  • INERTIA, the international marketing festival is held annually in February or March.[17] The events comprises Ambush Marketing, Ad Spoof, Brand Manager, International Trade and Crisis Management to name a few. The participants of this festival are Undergraduate as well as post-graduate students from around India and its neighboring countries. This festival is organized by the students and professors of the Department of Management (Commerce).
  • INSIGNIA, the management festival is held annually in mid February.[18] The top ten commerce colleges of India are invited to fight it out in events like Human Resource Management (HRM), Best Manager, Business Quiz, Marketing and Entrepreneurship Development (ED)among many other events . This festival is organized by the students of the Bachelors of Commerce (B.Com).
  • XAVIER'S MANAGEMENT CONVENTION (XMC), the management festival is held annually in February or March.[19] XMC is a national festival. It includes events like Stress Interview (SI), B-Quiz (BQ), Business Plans(BP) and Advertising. This festival is organized by the students of the Bachelors of Business Administration (BBA).
  • SPECTRUM is the festival of the Department of Physics.It comprises debate, quiz, drama, lectures by famous noble laureates and many more. It generally spans for a period of two days.

St.Xavier's is the only English medium college to have separate festivals for Hindi and Bengali.

  • VIVIDHA, the Hindi festival, comprises events like Drama Competition, Extempore, Elocution etc.[20] The mode of communication throughout the festival is Hindi.This festival is organized by the members of the Hindi Literary Society (HLS).
  • XAVULLASH, the Bengali festival, comprises events like Debate, Extempore, Elocution etc. The mode of communication throughout the festival is Bengali.This festival is organized by the members of the Bengali Literary Society (BLS).

PublicationsEdit

 
College magazines

A list of magazines that college students publish every year. These magazines are widely appreciated in academic circles:

  • XAVERIAN: includes articles by students and staff members, who share their experiences of college.[21] It also includes interviews with famous alumni members and photos of passing out batches.
  • YOUTHINK, the annual commerce journal which includes articles from students and staff members on current commerce related issues.[22] The topics in the past volumes were The Business of Sports, Turbulent Times, Superpowers, Change and The Gamble.
  • ODE TO EXPRESSIONS is the annual magazine published by the English Academy. The magazine has featured columns by personalities such as Shashi Tharoor and Devdutt Pattanaik, among others.
  • ECO ECHOES is the annual economics journal published by the Economics Department.[23]
  • HORIZON is the annual physics journal published by the Department of Physics.It highlights the technological advancements of the world.
  • PEBBLE is the annual journal published by the St Xavier's College Science Association(SXCSA).

Philanthropy and social activitiesEdit

Prayas, a 3-day boot camp aimed at making underprivileged kids aware of the need of higher education was started in 2006 by the then principal of the college, Rev. Felix Raj, S.J. In the boot-camp, underprivileged children are brought to the college campus from nearby villages and slums for a fun filled day of activity and entertainment. The children are provided with free meals and gifts. This festival is organized by the social work department (under the National Service Scheme) of the university.[24]

Alumni associationEdit

 
SXCAA committee 2012–13

The college has a very active alumni association known as SXCAA, whose principal is the college president.[25] The association supports the college in several projects by extending financial and managerial assistance. SXCAA is registered under the West Bengal Societies Registration Act.[26] It was the first alumni association in Kolkata to be granted 80G Certification from the Income Tax Department, acknowledging SXCAA's philanthropic activities.

SXCAA has been expanding its reach to ex-students by opening chapters in several cities around the world, including Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi, Singapore, London, Dubai, New York and Dhaka.[27]

Project 'Lakshaya' was launched by the college to invite donations from alumni to fund a new campus.[28] The West Bengal government allotted the college 16 acres (6.5 ha) of land at Rajarhat (New Town) for the new campus. The land will cost a subsidized 64 crores.[29]

RankingsEdit

In 2020 the college was ranked 7th in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework.[4]

St. Xavier's College, Kolkata, all India Rankings
Department/Course 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006
Commerce/B.Com 2nd[30] 2nd[31] 1st[32] 2nd[33] 3rd[33] 4th[34] 4th[35]
Science/BSc 4th[36] 3rd[37] 5th[38] 3rd[39] 5th[40] 2nd[39] 8th[40]
Arts/BA 5th[36] 7th[41] 5th[42] 5th[42] 9th[43] 5th[43] 6th[43]

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Administration – St. Xavier's College". sxccal.edu. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  2. ^ "St Xavier's rides high on autonomy | Kolkata News". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  3. ^ Basu, Somdatta. "Three Bengal institutes in top 15 of national edu ranking | Kolkata News". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b "MHRD, National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF)". www.nirfindia.org. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  5. ^ "Vision and Mission – St. Xavier's College". Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  6. ^ History of the institution[dead link]
  7. ^ a b indianpost.com commemorative stamp Retrieved on 4 February 2008
  8. ^ sxccal.edu history Retrieved on 6 February 2008[dead link]
  9. ^ "List of Courses".[dead link]
  10. ^ economictimes.indiatimes.com tie-up with The University of Manitoba Retrieved on 6 February 2008
  11. ^ "Pictures and description of infrastructure".[dead link]
  12. ^ "List of clubs and societies".[dead link]
  13. ^ Leadership Training Service (LTS) Official Website
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ SXC Placement Cell Official Blog
  16. ^ Xavotsav[dead link]
  17. ^ Inertia[dead link]
  18. ^ Insignia reference[dead link]
  19. ^ Xavier's Management Convention(XMC)[dead link]
  20. ^ Vividha[dead link]
  21. ^ Xaverian Magazine[dead link]
  22. ^ Youthink Journal
  23. ^ Eco Echoes Journal
  24. ^ "Camps for a cause at St. Xavier's College". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  25. ^ SXCAA[dead link]
  26. ^ SXCAA Official Site[dead link]
  27. ^ SXCAA Chapters[dead link]
  28. ^ Project Lakshaya[dead link]
  29. ^ New campus cost[dead link]
  30. ^ "2012 India Today Rankings". Indiatoday.intoday.in.
  31. ^ "Lady Shri Ram College for Women Best Arts Colleges 2011 India Today Survey". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  32. ^ SXC, the best Commerce college
  33. ^ a b "15-year toppers in Commerce colleges : Best Colleges: India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  34. ^ Maheshwari, Shruti (4 June 2007). "India Today". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  35. ^ Bali, Pallavi (5 June 2006). "India Today". Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  36. ^ a b "2012 India Today Rankings". Indiatoday.intoday.in.
  37. ^ "Lady Shri Ram College for Women Best Arts Colleges 2011 India Today Survey". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  38. ^ http://media2.intoday.in/microsites/bestcolleges/Science_2010.pdf
  39. ^ a b "15-year toppers in Science colleges : Best Colleges: India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  40. ^ a b "India Today". Specials.indiatoday.com. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  41. ^ "Lady Shri Ram College for Women Best Arts Colleges 2011 India Today Survey". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  42. ^ a b http://media2.intoday.in/microsites/bestcolleges/Arts_2010.pdf
  43. ^ a b c "India Today". Specials.indiatoday.com. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  44. ^ a b c d e "Old boys". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  45. ^ "Obituary: Utpal Dutt". The Independent. 22 October 2017. Archived from the original on 22 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  46. ^ Pakistan News Digest. Principal Information Officer, Press Information Department. 1968.
  47. ^ "A Citizen Soldier". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  48. ^ "The mentality of "winner takes all" does not bring democracy". The Daily Star. 14 November 2008. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  49. ^ Varma, Meenal Thakur,Gyan (18 May 2016). "What makes Amar Singh so sought after?". mint. Retrieved 19 October 2020.

External linksEdit