Spijkenisse (Dutch pronunciation: [spɛi̯kəˈnɪsə] (listen)) is a city in the province of South Holland, Netherlands. Following an administrative reform in 2015, it is part of the municipality of Nissewaard; it had a population of 72,500. It covered an area of 30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi) of which 4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi) was water. It is part of the Greater Rotterdam area.
City centre of Spijkenisse
Location in South Holland
|• Total||30.27 km2 (11.69 sq mi)|
|• Land||26.12 km2 (10.08 sq mi)|
|• Water||4.15 km2 (1.60 sq mi)|
|Elevation||−1 m (−3 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Archaeological research has shown that the area around Spijkenisse has been inhabited for many thousands of years. The people then depended on fishing on the Meuse and hunting in the swamps.
The oldest reference to the name Spickenisse is from a source from 1231. This name comes from the words spieke (spit) and nesse (nose) meaning "pointy nose" in reference to a spit of land protruding along the river.
Spijkenisse formed as a farmers and fishing village at a creek along the Oude Maas. Initially it belonged to the Lord of Putten (whose coat of arms is now used by the city) but in 1459 the fiefdom Putten, including Spijkenisse, was transferred to Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. In 1581, after the Dutch declaration of independence, the area came under the control of the States of Holland and West Frisia.
In the 16th century the village suffered several floods. In the 17th and 18th centuries it endured destructive fires which hampered its economic growth. In the 20th century, it heavily urbanised as part of the Greater Rotterdam area. Nowadays, Spijkenisse also includes the community of Hekelingen, as well as Den Hoek and Beerenplaat.
There are also several bus services operated by Connexxion.
- De Akkers
- De Elementen
- De Hoek
- Spijkenisse Medisch Centrum (former Ruwaard van Putten hospital)
|De Akkers||Het Anker||Annie MG Schmidt||De Morgenster|
|De Klinker||Het Baken||De Vuurvogel|
|De Maasoever||De Bron|
|Monseigneur Bekkersschool||De Duif||De Vogelenzang|
|De Wegwijzer||De Hoeksteen||De Krullevaar|
|Paus Johannes||De Marimba||De Meander(tot 2012)|
|De Rank||De Montessori|
|De Schakel||Jan Campert|
|Wereld MAVO Charles de Foucauld||PENTA college CSG Scala Molenwatering||OSG My College|
|PENTA College CSG Scala Rietvelden||OSG De Ring van Putten|
|PENTA college CSG De Oude Maas|
- Afrojack (Nick van de Wall) (born 1987), DJ and producer
- Jan Campert (1902-1943), poet and writer
- Vato Gonzalez (Björn Franken) (born 1983), DJ and producer
- Medy van der Laan (born 1968), politician
- Duncan Laurence (born 1994), singer and winner of the Eurovision Song Contest 2019
- Emiel Mellaard (born 1966), athlete
- Sied van Riel (born 1978), DJ and producer
- Spinvis (Erik de Jong) (born 1961), artist
Spijkenisse is twinned with the following cities:
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 3201EL". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Gemeente Spijkenisse". Spijkenisse.nl. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- Spijkenisse Online - geschiedenis Archived June 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine