Open main menu

The Socialist Destourian Party (Arabic: الحزب الاشتراكي الدستوريal-Ḥizb al-Ishtirākī ad-Dustūrī ; French: Parti socialiste destourien) was the ruling political party of Tunisia from 1964 to 1988. Bahi Ladgham was the first Prime Minister from the party and Hédi Baccouche was the last. It was founded on 22 October 1964 and disbanded on 27 February 1988. Habib Bourgiba was the first president of the Socialist Destourian Party 1964–1987. He was succeeded by Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 1987–1988.

Socialist Destourian Party/Constitutional Socialist Party

حزب الاشتراكي الدستوري
French nameParti socialiste destourien
Former presidentsHabib Bourguiba (1964–1987)
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987–1988)
Founded22 October 1964 (1964-10-22)
Dissolved27 February 1988 (1988-02-27)
Preceded byNeo Destour
Succeeded byConstitutional Democratic Rally
NewspaperL'Action Tunisienne
IdeologyTunisian nationalism
Secularism
Authoritarianism
Bourguibism
International affiliationSocialist International

HistoryEdit

Independence of Tunisia from France was negotiated largely by the Neo Destour's Bourguiba. The effective date was March 20, 1956. The next year the Republic of Tunisia was constituted, which replaced the Beylical form of government. Tunisia became a one-party state, with Neo Destour as the ruling party under Prime Minister and later President Habib Bourguiba.[1] Later the Neo Destour party was renamed the Socialist Destourian Party in 1964, to signal the government's commitment to a socialist phase of political-economic development. This phase failed to fulfill expectations, however, and was discontinued in 1969 with the dismissal of Ahmad ben Salah as economics minister by President Bourguiba.[2][3][4]

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1964 Habib Bourguiba 100% Elected  Y
1969 100% Elected  Y
1974 100% Elected  Y

Chamber of Deputies electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position
1964 Habib Bourguiba 1,255,153 100%
101 / 101
  101   1st
1969 1,363,939 100%
101 / 101
    1st
1974 1,570,954 100%
112 / 112
  11   1st
1979 1,560,753 100%
121 / 121
  9   1st
1981 1,828,363

(in alliance UGTT)

94.2%
136 / 136
  15   1st
1986 Unknown

(in alliance UGTT)

125 / 125
  11   1st

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brace, Morocco Algeria Tunisia (Prentice Hall 1964) pp. 114-116, 121-123, 140-143.
  2. ^ Perkins, A History of Modern Tunisia (Cambridge University 2004) at 146-147.
  3. ^ Jean R. Tartter, "Government and Politics" at 234-238, in Tunisia. A Country Study (Washington, D. C. 1987).
  4. ^ Abadi, Tunisia since the Arab Conquest (Ithaca 2013) pp. 139-141.