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List of Beys of Tunis

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The Beys of Tunis were the monarchs of Tunisia from 1705, when the Husainid dynasty acceded to the throne, until 1957, when monarchy was abolished.

Bey of Tunisia
Provincial/State
Bey of Tunis flag correct and revised.png
Flag of Bey of Tunis
Lamine Bey.jpg
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
Details
First monarchAl-Husayn I ibn Ali
Last monarchMuhammad VIII al-Amin
Formation15 July 1705
Abolition20 March 1956
ResidencePalace of Bardo
Pretender(s)Prince Muhammad Bey

HistoryEdit

The Husainid dynasty, originally of Cretan Turkish origin, came to power under Al-Husayn I ibn Ali on July 15, 1705, replacing the Muradid dynasty. For most of their rule, the Husainids ruled with the title of Bey. The Husainids ruled the Beylik of Tunis under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire until May 12, 1881, when Muhammad III as-Sadiq signed the Treaty of Bardo and the Beylik of Tunis came under the control of France as a protectorate. Following independence from France on March 20, 1956, the Kingdom of Tunisia was proclaimed and the Bey Muhammad VIII al-Amin assumed the title of King. He reigned as such until the Prime Minister Habib Bourguiba deposed the Husainid dynasty and declared Tunisia a republic on July 25, 1957.

Beys of Tunis (1705–1956)Edit

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali
الحسين الأول بن علي التركي
1669 – 13 March 1740
(aged 71)
15 July 17057 September 1735
(deposed)
Husainid 
Abu l-Hasan Ali I
أبو الحسن علي الأول
(1688-06-30)30 June 1688 – 22 September 1756(1756-09-22) (aged 68)7 September 173522 September 1756Nephew of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainid 
Muhammad I ar-Rashid
محمد الأول الرشيد
1710 – 12 February 1759
(aged 49)
22 September 175612 February 1759Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainid 
Ali II ibn Hussein
علي الثاني بن حسين
(1712-11-24)24 November 1712 – 26 May 1782(1782-05-26) (aged 69)12 February 175926 May 1782Son of Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-TurkiHusainid 
Hammuda ibn Ali
حمودة بن علي
(1759-12-09)9 December 1759 – 15 September 1814(1814-09-15) (aged 54)26 May 178215 September 1814Son of Ali II ibn HusseinHusainid 
Uthman ibn Ali
عثمان بن علي
(1763-05-27)27 May 1763 – 20 December 1814(1814-12-20) (aged 51)15 September 181420 December 1814
(murdered)
Son of Ali II ibn HusseinHusainid 
Mahmud ibn Muhammad
محمود بن محمد
(1757-07-10)10 July 1757 – 28 March 1824(1824-03-28) (aged 66)20 December 181428 March 1824Son of Muhammad I ar-RashidHusainid 
Al-Husayn II ibn Mahmud
الحسين الثاني بن محمود
(1784-03-05)5 March 1784 – 20 May 1835(1835-05-20) (aged 51)28 March 182420 May 1835Son of Mahmud ibn MuhammadHusainid 
Mustafa ibn Mahmud
مصطفى بن محمود
1786 – 10 October 1837
(aged 51)
20 May 183510 October 1837Son of Mahmud ibn MuhammadHusainid 
Ahmad I ibn Mustafa
أحمد الأول بن مصطفى
(1806-12-02)2 December 1806 – 30 May 1855(1855-05-30) (aged 48)10 October 183730 May 1855Son of Mustafa ibn MahmudHusainid 
Muhammad II ibn al-Husayn
محمد الثاني بن الحسين
(1811-09-18)18 September 1811 – 22 September 1859(1859-09-22) (aged 48)30 May 185522 September 1859Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainid 
Muhammad III as-Sadiq
محمد الثالث الصادق
(1813-02-07)7 February 1813 – 27 October 1882(1882-10-27) (aged 69)22 September 185927 October 1882Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainid 
Ali III ibn al-Husayn
علي الثالث بن الحسين
(1817-08-14)14 August 1817 – 11 June 1902(1902-06-11) (aged 84)28 October 188211 June 1902Son of Al-Husayn II ibn MahmudHusainid 
Muhammad IV al-Hadi
محمد الرابع الهادي
(1855-06-24)24 June 1855 – 11 May 1906(1906-05-11) (aged 50)11 June 190211 May 1906Son of Ali III ibn al-HusaynHusainid 
Muhammad V an-Nasir
محمد الخامس الناصر
(1855-07-14)14 July 1855 – 10 July 1922(1922-07-10) (aged 66)11 May 190610 July 1922Son of Muhammad II ibn al-HusaynHusainid 
Muhammad VI al-Habib
محمد السادس الحبيب
(1858-08-13)13 August 1858 – 11 February 1929(1929-02-11) (aged 70)10 July 192211 February 1929Cousin of Muhammad V an-NasirHusainid 
Ahmad II ibn Ali
أحمد الثاني بن علي
(1862-04-13)13 April 1862 – 19 June 1942(1942-06-19) (aged 80)11 February 192919 June 1942Son of Ali III ibn al-HusaynHusainid 
Muhammad VII al-Munsif
محمد السابع المنصف
(1881-03-04)4 March 1881 – 1 September 1948(1948-09-01) (aged 67)19 June 194215 May 1943
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad V an-NasirHusainid 
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81)15 May 194320 March 1956
(proclaimed King of Tunisia)
Son of Muhammad VI al-HabibHusainid 

King of Tunisia (1956–1957)Edit

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
(1881-09-04)4 September 1881 – 30 September 1962(1962-09-30) (aged 81)20 March 195625 July 1957
(deposed)
Son of Muhammad VI al-HabibHusainid 

Genealogical treeEdit

Simplified genealogical tree of the Beys of Tunis. Only the Beys and their direct ancestors are shown.[1]

Ali at-Turki
MuhammadHusayn I
r. 1705–1735
Ali I
r. 1735–1756
Muhammad I
ar-Rashid

r. 1756–1759
Ali II
r. 1759–1782
Hammuda
r. 1782–1814
Uthman
r. 1814
Mahmud
r. 1814–1824
Husayn II
r. 1824–1835
Mustafa
r. 1835–1837
Ahmad I
r. 1837–1855
Muhammad II
r. 1855–1859
Muhammad III
as-Sadiq

r. 1859–1882
Ali III
r. 1882–1902
Muhammad
al-Ma'mun
Muhammad IV
al-Hadi

r. 1902–1906
Muhammad V
an-Nasir

r. 1906–1922
Muhammad VI
al-Habib

r. 1922–1929
Ahmad II
r. 1929–1942
Muhammad VII
al-Munsif

r. 1942–1943
Muhammad VIII
al-Amin

r. 1943–1957

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit