List of prime ministers of Tunisia

The Prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia is the head of government of Tunisia since the creation of the office in 1800 till its abolition in 1957 with the proclamation of the Republic. The position was back in 1969 under the Republican system. There have been 15 Prime Ministers of Tunisia since the office came into existence in 1969. The position existed before independence as the King of Tunisia appointed a grand vizier to be the head of government. However, it was abolished when the Republic was proclaimed in 1957. The 1959 Constitution of Tunisia established a presidential system where the president was both the chief of state and the chief of government. On November 1969, President Habib Bourguiba brought back the position by appointing Bahi Ladgham to be the first Prime Minister under the Republican system.

Incumbent Prime Minister, Hichem Mechichi.

Before the 2011 revolution the role of the prime minister was limited to assisting the president. With the adoption of the new constitution in 2014, the constitutional powers expanded, making the Prime minister responsible of major domestic policies.

The youngest person to become prime minister was Youssef Chahed at 40 years of age while the oldest was Beji Caid Essebsi at 85 years of age. Two prime ministers —Mohamed Ghannouchi and Youssef Chahed— served under more than one president.

Two prime ministers became presidents afterwards: Zine El Abidine Ben Ali (1987–2011) and Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–2019).

There are currently seven living former prime ministers. The most recent former prime minister to die is Hamed Karoui on 27 March 2020.

List of prime ministersEdit

MonarchyEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Party Head of State
(Reign / Term)
Grand Viziers of the Beylik of Tunis
1   Rejeb Khaznadar
رجب خزندار
( 17??–1800)
1759 1782 Independent
2   Moustapha Khodja
أبو النخبة مصطفى خوجة
( 17??–1800)
1782 1800 Independent
3   Youssef Saheb Ettabaa
يوسف صاحب الطابع
(c. 1765–1815)
1800 23 January 1815 Independent
4   Mohamed Arbi Zarrouk Khaznadar
محمد العربي زروق خزندار
(1760–1822)
1815 1822 Independent
5   Hussein Khodja
حسين خوجة
(?–1857)
1822 1829 Independent
6   Rashid al-Shakir Sahib al-Taba'a
شاكير صاحب الطابع
(c. 1790–1837)
1829 1837 Independent
7   Mustapha Khaznadar
مصطفى خزندار
(1817–1878)
1837 22 October 1873 Independent
8   Hayreddin Pasha
خير الدين باشا التونسي
(1822–1890)
22 October 1873 21 July 1877 Independent
9   Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
21 July 1877 24 August 1878 Independent
10   Mustapha Ben Ismail
أبو النخبة مصطفى بن اسماعيل
(c. 1850–1887)
24 August 1878 12 September 1881 Independent
(9)   Mohammed Khaznadar
محمد خزندار
(c. 1810–1889)
12 September 1881 October 1882 Independent
11   Mohammed Aziz Bouattour
محمد العزيز بوعتور
(1825–1907)
October 1882 4 February 1907 Independent
12   M'hamed Djellouli
امحمّد جلولي
(1834–1908)
18 February 1907 June 1908[1] Independent
13   Youssef Djaït
يوسف جعيط
(1830–1915)
June 1908 June 1915 Independent
14   Taïeb Djellouli
الطيب جلولي
(1857–1944)
October 1915 May 1922 Independent
Prime Ministers of the Beylik of Tunis
1   Mustapha Dinguizli
مصطفى الدنقزلي
(1865–1926)
May 1922 20 October 1926[1] Independent
2   Khelil Bouhageb
خليل بوحاجب
(1863–1942)
3 November 1926 2 March 1932 Independent
3   Hédi Lakhoua
الهادي الأخوة
(1872–1949)
2 March 1932 31 December 1942 Independent
4   Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
1 1 January 1943 15 May 1943 Independent
5   Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
1 15 May 1943 21 July 1947 Independent Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
 

(1943–1956)

6   Mustapha Kaak
مصطفى الكعاك
(1893–1984)
21 July 1947 17 August 1950 Independent
(4)   Mohamed Chenik
محمد شنيق
(1889–1976)
2 17 August 1950 26 March 1952 Independent
(5)   Slaheddine Baccouche
صلاح الدين البكوش
(1883–1959)
2 12 April 1952 2 March 1954 Independent
7   Mohamed Salah Mzali
محمد الصالح مزالي
(1896–1984)
2 March 1954 6 July 1954 Independent
  Georges Dupoizat
(1909–1975)
Acting Prime Minister
6 July 1954 7 August 1954 Independent
8   Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
7 August 1954 20 March 1956 Destour
Prime Ministers of the Kingdom of Tunisia
(8)   Tahar Ben Ammar
الطاهر بن عمار
(1889–1985)
20 March 1956 11 April 1956 Destour Muhammad VIII al-Amin
محمد الثامن الأمين
 

(1956–1957)

9   Habib Bourguiba
حبيب بورقيبة
(1903–2000)
11 April 1956 25 July 1957[2] Neo Destour

RepublicEdit

  SDP/DCR (8)   Ennahda (2)   Nidaa Tounes (1)   Tahya Tounes (1)   Ettakatol[3] (1)
Premiership Portrait Prime Minister Prior public office Party Election President[4]
1 7 November 1969

2 November 1970
  Bahi Ladgham
10 January 1913 – 13 April 1998
(Lived 85 years)
Minister of Defence
(1968)
  SDP 1969 Habib Bourguiba
2 2 November 1970

23 April 1980
  Hedi Nouira
5 April 1911 – 25 January 1993
(Lived 81 years)
Minister of Finance
(1955–1958)
  SDP
1974
1979
3 23 April 1980

8 July 1986
  Mohammed Mzali
23 December 1925 – 23 June 2010
(Lived 84 years)
Minister of Education
(1976–1980)
  SDP
1981
4 8 July 1986

2 October 1987
  Rachid Sfar
(1933-09-11) 11 September 1933 (age 87)
Minister of Finance
(1986)
  SDP
1986
5 2 October 1987

7 November 1987
  Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
3 September 1936 – 19 September 2019
(Lived 83 years)
Minister of Interior
(1986–1987)
  SDP
6 7 November 1987

27 September 1989
  Hedi Baccouche
15 January 1930 – 21 January 2020
(Lived 90 years)
Minister of Social affairs
(1987)
  SDP Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
DCR 1989
7 27 September 1989

17 November 1999
  Hamed Karoui
30 December 1927 – 27 March 2020
(Lived 92 years)
Minister of Justice
(1987)
  DCR
1994
8 17 November 1999

27 February 2011
  Mohamed Ghannouchi
(1941-08-18) 18 August 1941 (age 79)
Minister of Finance
(1991–1992)
  DCR 1999
2004
2009
Independent Tunisian parliament dissolved Fouad Mebazaa
9 27 February 2011

24 December 2011
  Beji Caid Essebsi
29 November 1926 – 25 July 2019
(Lived 92 years)
6th Speaker of the Chamber of deputies
(1990–1991)
Independent
10 24 December 2011

14 March 2013
  Hamadi Jebali
(1949-01-12) 12 January 1949 (age 72)
No prior public office held   Ennahda 2011 Moncef Marzouki
11 14 March 2013

29 January 2014
  Ali Laarayedh
(1955-08-15) 15 August 1955 (age 65)
Minister of the Interior
(2011–2013)
  Ennahda
12 29 January 2014

6 February 2015
  Mehdi Jomaa
(1962-03-21) 21 March 1962 (age 59)
Minister of Industry
(2013–2014)
Independent
13 6 February 2015

27 August 2016
  Habib Essid
(1949-06-01) 1 June 1949 (age 71)
Minister of the Interior
(2011)
Independent 2014 Beji Caid Essebsi
14 27 August 2016

27 February 2020
  Youssef Chahed
(1975-09-18) 18 September 1975 (age 45)
Minister of Local Affairs
(2016)
  Nidaa Tounes
  Tahya Tounes
15 27 February 2020

2 September 2020
  Elyes Fakhfakh
1972
Minister of Finance
(2013–2014)
Minister of Tourism
(2011–2013)
  Ettakatol 2019 Kais Saied
16 1 September 2020

2021
  Hichem Mechichi
1974
Minister of the Interior
(2020)
  Independent

TimelineEdit

Rank by time in officeEdit

 
Mohamed Ghannouchi
Longest premiership:
11 years, 102 days
1999–2011
 
Zine El Abidine Ben Ali
Shortest premiership:
36 days
1987
Rank Prime Minister Time in office
1 Mohamed Ghannouchi 11 years, 102 days
2 Hamed Karoui 10 years, 51 days
3 Hedi Nouira 9 years, 173 days
4 Mohamed Mzali 6 years, 76 days
5 Youssef Chahed 3 years, 184 days
6 Hedi Baccouche 1 year, 324 days
7 Habib Essid 1 year, 203 days
8 Rachid Sfar 1 year, 86 days
9 Hamadi Jebali 1 year, 80 days
10 Mehdi Jomaa 1 year, 8 days
11 Bahi Ladgham 360 days
12 Ali Laarayedh 321 days
13 Beji Caid Essebsi 300 days
14 Hichem Mechichi 225 days
15 Elyes Fakhfakh 188 days
16 Zine El Abidine Ben Ali 36 days

NotesEdit