Tunisian General Labour Union

The Tunisian General Labour Union (French: Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail, UGTT. Arabic: الاتحاد العام التونسي للشغل) is a national trade union center in Tunisia.[1] It has a membership of more than one million and was founded January 20, 1946.[2][3]

Tunisian General Labour Union
Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail
FoundedJanuary 20, 1946 (1946-01-20)
Headquarters29 Rue Mohamed Ali, Tunis
1 million (2021)
Key people
Noureddine Taboubi, secretary general
AffiliationsITUC, ATUC

The UGTT is affiliated with the International Trade Union Confederation and the Arab Trade Union Confederation.[4][5] Author Safwan M. Masri has noted the influence of "notable intellectuals such as Tahar Haddad," among other early twentieth-century reformers and thinkers, on the development of labor power in Tunisia.[6]

In recent years, the UGTT worked together with three other organizations (the Tunisian Human Rights League-LTDH, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts-UTICA and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers), collectively labelled the National Dialogue Quartet, to address the national discord following the Jasmine Revolution of 2011. The National Dialogue Quartet was afterward announced as the laureate of the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize "for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia".[7]

Scholar Joel Beinin has previously stated that the UGTT is "the single most important reason that Tunisia is a democracy today" (however, this statement was made prior to the coup of 2021).[8] Safwan Masri contrasts the status of the union in Tunisia with the relatively disempowered labor organizations throughout the rest of the Arab world; in 2017, he observed that “UGTT has historically served as the umbrella organization for social movements in Tunisia, a role that is likely to endure."[9]

Chairman (secretaries-general) edit

Seat of UGTT in Tunis

References edit

  1. ^ Bishara, Dina; Grewal, Sharan (2022). "Political, Not Partisan: The Tunisian General Labor Union under Democracy". Comparative Politics. 54 (3): 453–475. doi:10.5129/001041522X16240414667941. S2CID 238876290.
  2. ^ "Tunisair workers to strike on Friday, union says". Reuters. 2021-02-18. Retrieved 2021-03-09. The UGTT, Tunisia's most powerful organisation with more than a million members...
  3. ^ Abbasi, Houcine. "The national role of the Tunisian General Labour Union" (PDF).
  4. ^ "List of Affiliates". International Trade Union Confederation. November 2019. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  5. ^ "الإتحاد العربي للنقابات". Arab Trade Union Confederation. Retrieved 2021-03-09.
  6. ^ Masri, Safwan. Tunisia: An Arab Anomaly. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017, 15.
  7. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 2015". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2015-10-09.
  8. ^ Joel Beinin, “Workers and Revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia,” lecture at Stanford University, January 21, 2015, video posted by Hesham Sallam, February 4, 2015, https://cddrl.fsi.stanford.edu/arabreform/news/stanford-historian-joel-beinin-analyzes-role-workers-egyptian-and-tunisian-revolutions-video
  9. ^ Masri, Safwan. Tunisia: An Arab Anomaly. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017, 67.
  • ICTUR; et al., eds. (2005). Trade Unions of the World (6th ed.). London, UK: John Harper Publishing. ISBN 0-9543811-5-7.

External links edit