Sipoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsipoː]; Swedish: Sibbo) is a municipality of Finland. It is part of the Helsinki metropolitan area. The municipality has a population of 22,186 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 698.60 square kilometres (269.73 sq mi) of which 358.97 km2 (138.60 sq mi) is water. The population density is 65.33 inhabitants per square kilometre (169.2/sq mi). The administrative center of the municipality is Nikkilä (Swedish: Nickby), which is located 34 kilometres (21 mi) northeast of the center of Helsinki. Another significant urban area is Söderkulla, located in the southern part of the municipality.
Sipoo – Sibbo
|• Chairman of the municipal board||Eero Seppänen|
|• Chairman of the municipal assembly||Christel Liljeström|
|• Municipal manager||Mikael Grannas|
|• Total||698.60 km2 (269.73 sq mi)|
|• Land||339.62 km2 (131.13 sq mi)|
|• Water||358.97 km2 (138.60 sq mi)|
|• Rank||225th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||46th largest in Finland|
|• Density||65.33/km2 (169.2/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||59.5% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||18%|
|• 15 to 64||64.2%|
|• 65 or older||17.8%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.25%|
The coat of arms of the municipality refers to the origin story of the settlement, according to which the ancestors of Sipoo are said to have arrived in the region on a viking ship, the bow of which was decorated with a head of wolf; accordingly, locals have even been called the “wolves of Sipoo”. The wave lined fess of the coat of arms refers to the Sipoo River.
It is the eastern neighbour of Helsinki and western neighbour of Porvoo, located in the Uusimaa region. Other neighboring municipalities are Vantaa, Kerava, Tuusula, Järvenpää, Mäntsälä and Pornainen. There are two important road connections in the direction of Helsinki from Sipoo: Highway 7, known as the Porvoo Highway (part of E18), and Road 170, which is known as the Itäväylä on the Helsinki side.
The once almost completely Swedish-speaking municipality is bilingual since 1953, a majority being Finnish speakers, due to migration from other parts of Finland since 2003. Today the Finnish-speaking majority stands at 60% and the Swedish-speaking minority is about 39% of the population.
On June 26, 2006, the Sipoo town council decided on a strategy to triple the municipality's population over the next 25 years. The decision was made after Helsinki announced plans to annex a part of the municipality in order to continue to build high-end urbanizations by the coastline (and thus high-tax revenue producing). The Finnish Council of State voted in favor of the annexation on June 28, 2007, with votes 8 to 4. Sipoo appealed to the Supreme Administrative Court, but the court upheld the decision of the Council of State and the annexation took place on January 1, 2009. As Helsinki did not directly border Sipoo at any point, the city of Vantaa ceded the area lain between Helsinki and Sipoo to Helsinki in the process.
- Hjallis Harkimo (born 1953), businessman and politician
- Elina Salo (born 1936), actress
- Nasty Suicide (born 1963), guitarist for Hanoi Rocks
- Ernst Tandefelt (1876–1948), Swedo-Finnish nobleman
- Joona Toivio (born 1988), professional association football player
- Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (1895–1973), Nobel laureate
- Mikael Ylöstalo (1963), Olympian hurdler
Sipoo is featured in Elisa Viihde network's black comedy television series Duke of Sipoo (Finnish: Sipoon herttua), starring a corrupted Sipolian businessman Pasi Kovalainen, played by Kari Hietalahti.
- Uusi Nikkilä – Uusi Kaupunki (in Finnish)
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Suomen kunnallisvaakunat (in Finnish). Suomen Kunnallisliitto. 1982. p. 159. ISBN 951-773-085-3.
- "Sisäasiainministeriön vahvistamat kaupunkien, kauppaloiden ja kuntien vaakunat I:13 Sipoo". Kansallisarkiston digitaaliarkisto (in Finnish).[dead link]
- "Hallitus hyväksyi Sipoo-liitoksen". YLE Uutiset (in Finnish). Helsinki: Yleisradio Oy. 2007-06-28. Archived from the original on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 25 January 2009.
- Supreme Administrative Court Precedent KHO:2008:1, ruled on January 15, 2008 (in Finnish)
- "Tulospalvelu: Eduskuntavaalit 2019 - Sipoo". Sipoon sanomat. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- Elisa Viihde – SIPOON HERTTUA (in Finnish)
- IMDb – Sipoon Herttua: Duke of Sipoo