Tuusula (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈtuːsulɑ]; Swedish: Tusby [ˈtʉ̌ːsbyː]) is a municipality of Finland. It belongs to the Helsinki sub-region of the Uusimaa region. The municipality has a population of 38,957 (31 March 2021) and is by far the third largest municipality in Finland after Nurmijärvi and Kirkkonummi that doesn't use the town or city title by itself.
|• Municipal manager||Hannu Joensivu|
|• Total||225.45 km2 (87.05 sq mi)|
|• Land||219.51 km2 (84.75 sq mi)|
|• Water||5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)|
|Area rank||254th largest in Finland|
|Elevation||63 m (207 ft)|
|• Rank||29th largest in Finland|
|• Density||177.47/km2 (459.6/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||96.4% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||18.1%|
|• 15 to 64||63.3%|
|• 65 or older||18.6%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.75%|
Tuusula, lying on the shores of Tuusulanjärvi lake, is located in the province of Southern Finland and is part of the Uusimaa region. It covers an area of 225.45 square kilometres (87.05 sq mi) of which 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) is water. The population density is 177.47 inhabitants per square kilometre (459.6/sq mi).
Tuusula has three population centres. The administrative centre is Hyrylä (about 19,500 residents), other two are Jokela (5,300 residents) and Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remaining 4,400 residents are distributed to the rural areas outside of municipal centres. The most significant main road connection between Hyrylä and Helsinki is the Tuusulanväylä motorway.
The area in what is now Tuusula was located in the larger municipality of Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, and in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula's boundaries have not always remained the same: in 1924 the municipality of Kerava split from here; in 1950 the municipality of Korso was split between Tuusula, Kerava, and Sipoo; and in 1951 the municipality of Järvenpää split from here.
During the Crimean War (1853–1856), a Russian garrison was stationed in what is now Hyrylä. The modern parish mostly developed around it.
The area had always been a fairly fertile area, thus encouraging farming. The development of other industries began in 1795, when an ironworks was created in Kellokoski that functioned until the 1980s. The establishment of a railway in Jokela furthered the growth.
Soon after this industrial time another aspect of Tuusulan history was realised. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted many artists who wanted to paint the beautiful landscape. Following the footsteps of Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish national poet who spent the last years of his life in a hut on the shores of the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, and Pekka Halonen even established their main residences here. Recently these houses have become tourist sites, especially Sibelius' house Ainola. Also, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastern shore of the lake is an outside museum.
The Jokela rail crash was a rail crash which occurred on 21 April 1996 here.
Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, has been in a positive balance of population, with it more than doubling in size since 1970.
The municipality is officially Finnish. Swedish was the second official language until 1943. Today only 2% are Swedish-speaking.
- 1970 – 17.235
- 1980 – 22.151
- 1987 – 26.234
- 1990 – 27.328
- 1997 – 29.957
- 2000 – 31.957
- 2007 – 34.890
- Finns Party 21%
- National Coalition Party 20.4%
- Social Democratic Party 16.5%
- Centre Party 12.3%
- Green League 11.3%
- Movement Now 5.3%
- Left Alliance 4.8%
- Blue Reform 2.6%
- Christian Democrats 2%
- Other parties 4%
|Party||Percent of the council||Seats|
|National Coalition Party||26.2%||14|
|Tuusulan Puolesta (Eng. "For Tuusula")||25.2%||14|
|Social Democratic Party of Finland||25.1%||13|
|Swedish People's Party||1.1%||1|
Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit
Tuusula is twinned with:
Economy and InfrastructureEdit
Due its proximity to the Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the most part, a commuter town. Tuusula itself has around 10,000 jobs. 66% of the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the workforce, and 1.5% are farmers. The unemployment rate amounted to 3% (2007), far below the national average.
From the centre of Tuusula, Hyrylä, there are good bus connections to Helsinki, via the Tuusula motorway. There are also two train stations in the main railway line of Finland, Jokela and Nuppulinna. Nuppulinna, however, was discontinued in 2016.
Tuusula's network of schools include:
- 18 primary schools
- 4 secondary schools
- 3 high schools
- 1 hospital school
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Tuusulassa on kolme keskusta ja niitä ympäröivät maaseutualueet Archived 2007-11-07 at the Wayback Machine (in Finnish)
- "Teen gunman dead from critical injuries who opened fire on Finnish classmates". CNN. 2007-11-07. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- "Fatal shooting at Finnish school". BBC News. 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-11-07.
- "Tulospalvelu: Eduskuntavaalit 2019 - Tuusula". Keski-Uuusimaa. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
- 2004 election results
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tuusula.|
- Municipality of Tuusula – official site