Kerava (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈkerɑʋɑ]; Swedish: Kervo) is a town and municipality within the Uusimaa region of Finland. The municpalities of Vantaa, Sipoo and Tuusula are adjacent to Kerava, which is part of the Helsinki metropolitan area.[6]

Kerava
Kervo
Town
Keravan kaupunki
Kervo stad
Kerava town centre
Kerava town centre
Coat of arms of Kerava
Location of Kerava in Finland
Location of Kerava in Finland
Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°06′E / 60.400°N 25.100°E / 60.400; 25.100Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°06′E / 60.400°N 25.100°E / 60.400; 25.100
Country Finland
RegionUusimaa
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
Township1924-1970
City1970-
Government
 • MayorKirsi Rontu
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total30.79 km2 (11.89 sq mi)
 • Land30.62 km2 (11.82 sq mi)
 • Water0.17 km2 (0.07 sq mi)
Area rank309th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total37,193
 • Rank30th largest in Finland
 • Density1,214.66/km2 (3,146.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish94.8% (official)
 • Swedish1.1%
 • Others4.1%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1416.3%
 • 15 to 6463.8%
 • 65 or older19.9%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.25%
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.kerava.fi
Map of the Kerava town

The town has a population of 37,193 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 30.79 square kilometres (11.89 sq mi) of which 0.17 km2 (0.066 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1,214.66 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,146.0/sq mi). Kerava is the 30th largest municipality in terms of population, but the 5th smallest municipality in terms of area in Finland (and the second smallest in the Uusimaa region after Kauniainen). However, it is also third most densely populated area in the sub-region after Helsinki and Kauniainen. The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Kerava by country of origin, 2018[7]
Ancestry Number
 Estonia 1,142
 Russia 741
 Turkey 237
 Vietnam 228
 Iraq 157
 Thailand 154
 Sweden 151
 Germany 67
 Romania 63
 Nigeria 61
 Yugoslavia 61
 China 53
 Afghanistan 51
 Eritrea 44
 Syria 44

The Sinebrychoff brewery operations are based in Kerava.[8] There is also a well-known prison in the town (Keravan vankila),[9] which includes 94 places in the open prison ward.

HistoryEdit

Until the Middle Ages, Kerava was a wilderness, until two villages, Ylikerava ("Upper Kerava") and Alikerava ("Lower Kerava"), were created along the Kerava River (Keravanjoki). The first signs of established village settlement date back to the 1440s. Kerava was annexed to Tuusula when the Tuusula parish was founded in 1643. In 1862, the railway between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna was opened, which quickly brought industry to agricultural Kerava; the carpentry factory in Kerava was established in 1908, and the wood industry became an important factor in the development of the town. The coat of arms designed by Ahti Hammar features a woodworking joints made by a carpenter.[10]

In 1924, Kerava was separated from Tuusula as its own township. At that time, it had a population of about 3,000. Originally, it also included part of the Korso area, and Korso railway station was also located in the township area. However, from 1954 onwards, the entire Korso was annexed to the then Helsinki Rural Municipality.[11] During the peak periods of the late 1960s and 1970s, the population almost doubled due to emigration and good transport connections, and new suburbs were created in Kurkela, Kilta and Untola. Kerava was officially granted town rights in 1970.[10]

TransportEdit

Kerava has two railway stations, Kerava Central Railway Station and Savio station. The Kerava Central Railway Station is an interchange station, with connections from the main track from Helsinki to Riihimäki to the tracks to Lahti and Porvoo. The Helsinki Airport (HEL) is located about 15 kilometers to the southwest of the city by car. It is 32 kilometres (20 mi) along Highway 4 (E75) from Kerava to the city center of Helsinki.

The city of Kerava joined Helsinki Regional Transport Authority (HSL) in 2010.

CultureEdit

FoodEdit

Many garlic dishes were named traditional food of Kerava parish in the 1980s: Yrjö's lamb (à la Jorgos), garlic potatoes and crushed garlic in oil, and, as a dessert, a gooseberry pie with vanilla sauce.[12]

PoliticsEdit

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Kerava:

GalleryEdit

Notable people from KeravaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Pro Grani – Kuntakaupunkirakenne
  7. ^ "Väestö 31.12. Muuttujina Alue, Taustamaa, Sukupuoli, Vuosi ja Tiedot".
  8. ^ "History of the Company". Sinerbrychoff (in Finnish). Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  9. ^ Kerava Prison – R/SE (in English)
  10. ^ a b "Historiaa" (in Finnish). Town of Kerava. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  11. ^ "Korson kunta" (in Finnish). Korso Social Democratic Workers' Society. Retrieved July 1, 2021.
  12. ^ Jaakko Kolmonen: Kotomaamme ruoka-aitta: Suomen, Karjalan ja Petsamon pitäjäruoat, p. 56. Helsinki: Patakolmonen Ky, 1988. (in Finnish)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kerava at Wikimedia Commons