Shariatpur District

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Shariatpur (Bengali: শরিয়তপুর জেলা, Shariatpur Jela also Shariatpur Zila) is a district in the Dhaka Division of central Bangladesh. It is bounded by Munshiganj district on the north, Barisal district on the south, Chandpur district on the east, Madaripur district on the west. Water bodies Main rivers: Padma, Meghna, Palong (Kirtinasha) and Jayanti. Of the six upazilas of the district Bhedarganj Upazila is the largest (311.24 square kilometres (120.17 sq mi)) and Damudya Upazila is the smallest (91.76 square kilometres (35.43 sq mi)).[3]

Shariatpur
শরিয়তপুর
Shariatpur
Sureswar Darbar Sharif (02).jpg
Sajanpur Islamia High School Foreground.jpeg
দুর্গা মন্দির.jpg
মনসা মন্দির, শরীয়তপুর (পিছন থেকে দ্বিতীয় বিল্ডিং).jpg
2.পদ্মা সেতু.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Sureshwar Darbar Sharif, Sajanpur Islamia High School, Manasa Temple in Shariatpur, Padma Bridge, Durga temple
Location of Shariatpur in Bangladesh
Location of Shariatpur in Bangladesh
Expandable map of Shariatpur
Coordinates: 23°12.5′N 90°21′E / 23.2083°N 90.350°E / 23.2083; 90.350Coordinates: 23°12.5′N 90°21′E / 23.2083°N 90.350°E / 23.2083; 90.350
Country Bangladesh
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerMd. Parvez Hasan
Area
 • Total1,174.05 km2 (453.30 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)[1]
 • Total1,155,824
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
8000
HDI (2018)0.649[2]
medium · 3rd of 21
Websitehttp://www.shariatpur.gov.bd/

HistoryEdit

Shariatpur was named after Haji Shariatullah (1781–1840), who was the founder of Faraizi Movement and an eminent Islamic reformer/revivalist during British Raj.[4] It was established as a district on 1 March 1984.[3]

In 1971 the Pak army in collaboration with their local agents conducted mass killing and plundering; they also set many houses of the district on fire. During Bangladesh Liberation War a number of encounters were held in Shariatpur Sadar Upazila between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in which about 313 Pak soldiers were killed. A number of freedom fighters were killed in two encounters and one frontal battle with the Pak army in Bhedarganj Upazila. Nine freedom fighters including Ahsanul Hoque and Abdul Wahab were killed in an encounter with the Pak army at a place on the southern side of Damudya College. Muktijoddha and Mujib Bahini jointly conducted attack on the Pak army by guerrilla technique in the upazila. Five freedom fighters were killed in an encounter with the Pak army in Gosairhat Upazila. The freedom fighters of Naria raided the Naria Police Station and captured all the arms and ammunitions of the thana. In retaliation, the Pak army sacked the nearby villages. During Bangladesh Liberation War a number of encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in Zanjira Upazila in which a number of freedom fighters were killed.

GeographyEdit

Shariatpur District is bounded on the north by Munshiganj District, Barisal District on the south, Chandpur District on the east, Madaripur District on the west. Main rivers are Padma, Meghna, Palong, Jayanti, Kirtinasha, and Dharmaganj.[3]

Area of Shariatpur district is 1,181.53 km2 (456.19 sq mi).[3] It consists of 6 upazilas, 6 municipalities, 65 Union Parishad, 616 Mouza, 1243 villages, 213,677 households.[5]

DemographyEdit

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, Shariatpur district had a population was 1,155,824, of which 559,075 were males and 596,749 females. Rural population was 1,024,780 (88.66%) while the urban population was 131,044 (11.34%). Shariatpur district had a literacy rate of 47.26% for the population 7 years and above: 47.96% for males and 46.62% for females.[1]

Religions in Shariatpur district (2011)[1]
Religion Percent
Muslims
96.40%
Hindus
3.58%
Christians
0.01%
Other or not stated
0.01%

Muslims make up 96.40% of the population, while Hindus are 3.58% of the population,Christians 0.01% .[1]

AdministrationEdit

There are six upazilas (sub-districts) under this district,[6] namely:

  1. Shariatpur Sadar Upazila
  2. Damudya Upazila
  3. Naria Upazila
  4. Zanjira Upazila
  5. Bhedarganj Upazila
  6. Gosairhat Upazila

EducationEdit

There are 772 primary schools, 19 lower secondary schools, 83 secondary schools and 42 Madrasas in Shariatpur. There are also 3 Public and 13 Private Colleges, 1 polytechnic Institute, 1 Vocational School and College, 1 Private University and one private medical college. The literacy rate (7+ year) 60% (Male 63%, Female 57%) and literacy rate (15+ year) 41% (Male 47%, Female 36%).[5]

Notable PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Bangladesh Population & Housing Census 2011 (Zila series)". Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  3. ^ a b c d Shahidul Haque (2012). "Shariatpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  4. ^ Khan, Muin-ud-Din Ahmad (2012). "Shariatullah, Haji". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  5. ^ a b "Official Website". 12 March 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2016.
  6. ^ District Statistics 2011: Shariatpur (PDF), retrieved 23 February 2016