The Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST) is a Chinese space agency and subordinate of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), it is referred to as The Eighth Academy of CASC. The agency was established in August 1961 as Shanghai Second Bureau of Electromechanical Industry, but was later renamed to Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology in 1993.
|Formed||1 August 1961|
|Headquarters||Minhang District, Shanghai, China |
|Official language||Standard Chinese|
|Annual budget||¥17.1 billion RMB|
|Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Shànghǎi Hángtiān Jìshù Yánjiùyuàn|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Spaceflight Technology Research Academy|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Zhōngguó Hángtiān kējì jítuán gōngsī dìbā yánjiù yuàn|
|Literal meaning||China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation Eighth Research Academy|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Shànghǎi Hángtiān Jú|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Bureau of Spaceflight|
|Literal meaning||Shanghai Municipality Second Bureau of Electromechanical Industry|
Space flight programmesEdit
SAST designs, develops, and manufactures launch vehicles as well as components. They designed and manufactured the Long March 2D, the entire Long March 4 series and FB-1 rockets. The FB-1 launched three military satellites, no details of which have been published. SAST was held responsible for the FB-1 failures between 1973 and 1981.
- "Shanghai Aerospace City". Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology (SAST)". NTI. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
- "Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology". Retrieved 15 December 2013.