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The Feng Bao 1 (Chinese: 风暴; literally: 'Storm'), also known as FB-1, was a Chinese carrier rocket launched between 1972 and 1981. It was replaced by the nearly identical Long March 2, which had been developed at the same time for political reasons related to China's Cultural Revolution.[1]

Feng Bao 1
Color drawing of China's Feng Bao 1 carrier rocket.jpg
FunctionCarrier rocket
ManufacturerShanghai Bureau №2
Country of originChina
Size
Height33 metres (108 ft)
Diameter3.35 metres (11.0 ft)
Mass191,700 kilograms (422,600 lb)
StagesTwo
Capacity
Payload to LEO2,500 kilograms (5,500 lb)
Launch history
StatusRetired
Launch sitesJiuquan LA-2B
Total launches11
Successes7
Failures4
First flight10 August 1972
Last flight19 September 1979
Notable payloadsJSSW
First stage
Engines4 YF-20A
Thrust3,000 kilonewtons (670,000 lbf)
Specific impulse289 sec
Burn time128 seconds
FuelN
2
O
4
/ UDMH
Second stage
Engines1 YF-22
4 YF-23
Thrust761.9 kilonewtons (171,300 lbf)
Specific impulse295 sec
Burn time127 seconds
FuelN
2
O
4
/ UDMH

The Feng Bao was derived from the DF-5 missile. Eleven were launched, of which four failed.[2] Launches occurred from LA-2B at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre.

Launch historyEdit

Date/Time (GMT) S/N Payload Outcome Remarks
10 August 1972
00:32[3]
701-02 Shiyan Peizhong Successful Suborbital test, apogee: 200 kilometres
18 September 1973
12:12[3]
701-03 JSSW-1 Failure
12 July 1974
13:55[3]
701-04 JSSW-2 Failure Loss of attitude control[1]
26 July 1975
13:28[1]
701-05 JSSW-3 Successful
16 December 1975
09:19[1]
701-06 JSSW-4 Successful
30 August 1976
11:53[1]
701-07 JSSW-5 Successful
10 November 1976
09:05[3]
701-08 JSSW-6 Failure
14 September 1977
00:15[3]
701(II)-01 DDDS Successful Suborbital test, apogee: 200 kilometres
16 April 1978
16:39[3]
701(II)-02 DDDS Successful Suborbital test, apogee: 200 kilometres
27 July 1979
21:28[3]
XCZ-1-02 Shi Jian 1 Failure Second stage malfunction
19 September 1981
21:28:40[3]
XCZ-1-02 Shi Jian 2 Successful Payload consisted of three satellites

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Wade, Mark. "CZ". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  2. ^ Krebs, Gunter. "FB-1 (Feng Bao-1)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-01-25.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h McDowell, Jonathan. "DF-5". Launch vehicles database. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-01-25.