Sebaste, officially the Municipality of Sebaste, (Kinaray-a: Banwa kang Sebaste; Hiligaynon: Banwa sang Sebaste; Tagalog: Bayan ng Sebaste), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Antique, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,907 people.
|Municipality of Sebaste|
Map of Antique with Sebaste highlighted
|Region||Western Visayas (Region VI)|
|Barangays||10 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Gaseva V. Recopuerto|
|• Vice Mayor||Christine S. Dionela|
|• Congressman||Lorna Regina "Loren" B. Legarda|
|• Electorate||10,849 voters (2016)|
|• Total||111.64 km2 (43.10 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)36|
|Climate type||tropical climate|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||78.3 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Kinaray-a language|
Sebaste has 1 private high school (Saint Blaise High School) and 1 public high school (Sebaste High School/Sebaste National High School). Every February 3, people celebrate the annual feast of their patron saint.
Sebaste is named in honor the place from where the town's patron saint, St Blaise, came. It is a place where St Blaise, the bishop, had a see. It is claimed that the name Sebaste is derived from a town somewhere in Armenia or Capadoccia, then a name given to Asia Minor.
Sebaste was formerly called Ipayo, the name of the river that flow through it. Ipayo was said to have been a municipality during the Spanish time in 1800 up to the later part of 1880 but pestilence and other calamities wrought havoc upon the communities that comprised it. What was once a populated and developed land became a tragic sight of desolation and despair. Misfortune collected its heavy toll upon the municipality that it was forced to be annexed to Pandan and Culasi. Thereafter, what was once the seat of that municipality is called Arabal of Sebaste.
It was said that the image of St Blaise was sent as a gift of Dona Matilde, wife of the Duke of Seville, to her son, Fr Mariano Vicente Zapanta, then the assigned parish priest of Pandan. When Fr Zapanta transferred his residence to Ipayo, he took along with him the image of St Blaise and installed him as the patron saint. He thought that the place was cursed, so the statue of St Blaise was installed in the church.
It was not long after St Blaise was made the patron saint of Ipayo when his miracles as claimed were manifested not only in preventing calamites to happen but also in healing the sick. St Blaise was a doctor of medicine and a bishop. He was a throat specialist. The news of his miracles spread throughout the length and breath of the region of Western Visayas. Hence, on every 3 February, the date of the feast in his honor, Ipayo becomes the site of the assemblage of countless number of people. The celebration has become a pilgrimage site of the people from Antique, Aklan, Iloilo, Capiz, Negros, Mindanao, Mindoro and many other places. Soon after, the name Ipayo was changed to Sebaste.
The town of Sebaste was formed by virtue of Republic Act No. 4870 on May 8, 1967. Barrios Callan, Nauhon, Ydio, Sebaste, Abiera, Bacalan, Alegre, Arasasan, P. Javier, and Aguila were separated from the municipalities of Culasi and Pandan to constitute the municipality of Sebaste.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 111.64 square kilometres (43.10 sq mi)  constituting 4.09% of the 2,729.17-square-kilometre- (1,053.74 sq mi) total area of Antique.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Sebaste had a population of 17,907. The population density was 160 inhabitants per square kilometre (410/sq mi).
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 19 May 2018.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Municipal: Sebaste, Antique". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Antique". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.