Santo Tomas, Davao del Norte

Santo Tomas, officially the Municipality of Santo Tomas (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Santo Tomas; Tagalog: Bayan ng Santo Tomas), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Davao del Norte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 128,667 people. [4]

Santo Tomas
Municipality of Santo Tomas
Municipal Hall
Municipal Hall
Map of Davao del Norte with Santo Tomas highlighted
Map of Davao del Norte with Santo Tomas highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Santo Tomas is located in Philippines
Santo Tomas
Santo Tomas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°32′N 125°37′E / 7.53°N 125.62°E / 7.53; 125.62Coordinates: 7°32′N 125°37′E / 7.53°N 125.62°E / 7.53; 125.62
CountryPhilippines
RegionDavao Region
ProvinceDavao del Norte
District 2nd district
FoundedAugust 14, 1959
Barangays19 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorErnesto T. Evangelista
 • Vice MayorGabriel Eric L. Estela
 • RepresentativeAlan R. Dujali
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate73,248 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total221.8 km2 (85.6 sq mi)
Elevation37 m (121 ft)
Highest elevation
197 m (646 ft)
Lowest elevation
16 m (52 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total128,667
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Households
30,750
Economy
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence12.06% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱464,443,803.96 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,572,551,650.97 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱393,006,823.06 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱551,271,543.40 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityDavao Light and Power Company (DLPC)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
8112
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)84
Native languagesDavawenyo
Cebuano
Ata Manobo
Kalagan
Tagalog
Websitewww.stotomas.gov.ph

EtymologyEdit

Santo Tomas was so named after Saint Thomas, the patron saint of Danao which is the hometown of then Governor of undivided Davao Province Vicente Duterte, father of the 16th Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte.

Municipal History What is now Santo Tomas, initially called Tibal-og, was once part of the jurisdiction of nearby town of Kapalong. Before the 1950s. the place used to be a lush forest inhabited by the indigenous Ata-Manobo people.

According to the town's pioneering residents, the area of what is now Kapalong (in which what is now Santo Tomas was still part of) and Panabo City were planted for abaca during the pre-war years.

Santo Tomas was officially established as a municipality on August 14, 1959 when Executive Order No. 352 stipulating the creation of the municipality carved out of several barangays of Kapalong including Tibal-og and four (4) barangays of Panabo was signed by President Carlos Garcia.[6]

Feliciano P. Ganade served as the first elected mayor of Santo Tomas after briefly governing the city of Kapalong.

From then on, it continued to grow and prosper, even as it went several successions of mayoralty governance throughout its history.

GeographyEdit

Santo Tomas is located on the island of Mindanao, and it is in the province's second political district. It is bounded in the north by the Municipalities of Kapalong and Talaingod, in the east by the Municipality of Asuncion, in the west by Davao City, and in the south by the Municipality of Braulio E. Dujali.

ClimateEdit

Rainfall in Santo Tomas is evenly distributed throughout the year. Being a nearly typhoon-free municipality, the production of high-value crops is favorable all year round and makes a profitable investment.

Climate data for Santo Tomas, Davao del Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 63
(2.5)
50
(2.0)
35
(1.4)
22
(0.9)
47
(1.9)
68
(2.7)
51
(2.0)
53
(2.1)
49
(1.9)
47
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
38
(1.5)
562
(22.3)
Average rainy days 15.0 12.6 10.4 8.2 18.8 22.5 21.2 20.5 20.3 20.3 14.4 11.7 195.9
Source: Meteoblue[7]

BarangaysEdit

Santo Tomas is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.

  • Balagunan
  • Bobongon
  • Casig-Ang
  • Esperanza
  • Kimamon
  • Kinamayan
  • La Libertad
  • Lungaog
  • Magwawa
  • New Katipunan
  • New Visayas
  • Pantaron
  • Salvacion
  • San Jose
  • San Miguel
  • San Vicente
  • Talomo
  • Tibal-og
  • Tulalian

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Santo Tomas
YearPop.±% p.a.
1960 16,687—    
1970 21,241+2.44%
1975 31,584+8.28%
1980 44,512+7.10%
1990 67,916+4.32%
1995 77,182+2.43%
2000 84,367+1.93%
2007 97,210+1.97%
2010 109,269+4.35%
2015 118,750+1.60%
2020 128,667+1.59%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[8][9][10][11]

Santo Tomas is home to a diverse culture inter-mingling with Mandaya and Ata-Manobo. The people are predominantly Cebuano.

EconomyEdit

 
Banana plantation, located at the southern portion of Santo Tomas

Significant to the economic development of Santo Tomas is a number of multi-national corporations and cooperatives engaged in banana based commercial production successfully operating in the municipality. Rice production also contributes to the economic development of the municipality. SantoTomas was part of the lists for the top 15 richest municipality in Davao Region which was listed as the second place.

TransportationEdit

 
Davao del Norte Circumferential Road, Santo Tomas-Panabo leg, Barangay Balagunan, Santo Tomas, Davao del Norte.

Santo Tomas sits astride the Davao del Norte Provincial Circumferential Road. It is more or less 30 kilometres (19 mi) or about an hour ride from Tagum City by any land vehicle, and the town offers a wide choice of public utility jeepneys via Kinamayan route or bus liners via Carmen route. Davao City is approximately 63 kilometres (39 mi) or an hour and a half ride by bus or private car.

Santo Tomas is accessible by land through any type of vehicle. There are tricycle units serving the different routes within the municipality. Most tricycles are color-coded red, with a capacity of 6 passengers per tricycle.

EducationEdit

Santo Tomas have several public and private institutions.

Elementary schools:

  • Apitong Elementary School (Public)
  • Balagunan Elementary School (Public)
  • Balisong Elementary School (Public)
  • Bobongon Elementary School (Public)
  • Casig-ang Elementary School (Public)
  • Davao Winchester Colleges Inc. (Private)
  • Esperanza Elementary School (Public)
  • Holy Infant School of Santo Tomas, Inc. (Private)
  • Jireh School of Tomorrow (Private)
  • Jesus Lumain Elementary School (Public)
  • Kimamon Elementary School (Public)
  • Kinamayan Integrated School (Public)
  • La Libertad Elementary School (Public)
  • Lunga-og Elementary School (Public)
  • Magwawa Elementary School (Public)
  • Marsman Elementary School (Public)
  • Maryknoll High School of Santo Tomas (Private)
  • Mustard Seed Christian School, Inc. (Private)
  • Nafco Central Elementary School (Public)
  • New Katipunan Elementary School (Public)
  • New Visayas Elementary School (Public)
  • Pantaron Elementary School (Public)
  • Philippine Baptist Christian College of Mindanao, Inc. (Private)
  • Salvacion Elementary School (Public)
  • San Isidro Elementary School (Public)
  • San Jose Elementary School (Public)
  • San Vincenzo Learning Center (Private)
  • Santo Tomas Central Elementary School - Sped Center (Public)
  • Talomo Elementary School (Public)
  • Talos Elementary School (Public)
  • Temple Christian School, Inc. (Private)
  • Tulalian Elementary School (Public)

High schools:

  • Balagunan National High School (Public)
  • Davao Winchester Colleges Inc. (Private)
  • Kimamon National High School (Public)
  • La Libertad National High School (Public)
  • Marsman National High School (Public)
  • Maryknoll High School of Santo Tomas (Private)
  • Mustard Seed Christian School, Inc. (Private)
  • Philippine Baptist Christian College of Mindanao, Inc. (Private)
  • Salvacion National High School (Public)
  • Santo Tomas National High School (Public)
  • Temple Christian School Inc. (Private)
  • Tulalian National High School (Public)

Tertiary education:

Technical/vocational schools:

  • ABA Technical School of Santo Tomas, Inc.
  • Davao Winchester Colleges Inc. (Private)

CultureEdit

Araw ng Santo Tomas (lit. Day of Santo Tomas) is a celebration held every 14 August annually. Events include drum and lyre competitions; parades, fireworks display, and many more.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Santo Tomas | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ https://elevation.maplogs.com/poi/santo_tomas_davao_del_norte_philippines.485732.html.
  4. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  6. ^ "CREATING THE MUNICIPALITY OF SANTO TOMAS IN THE PROVINCE OF DAVAO". Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Santo Tomas: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  8. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  9. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XI (Davao Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Davao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  13. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External linksEdit