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Sanctuary Records Group Limited is a record label based in the United Kingdom and a subsidiary of BMG Rights Management.[1] Until June 2007, it was the largest independent record label in the UK and the largest independent music management company in the world.[2] It was also the world's largest independent owners of music intellectual property rights, with over 160,000 songs.[3]

Sanctuary Records Group Ltd.
Sanctuary.gif
Parent company BMG Rights Management
Founder Rod Smallwood, Andy Taylor
Defunct 2007
Distributor(s) Warner Music Group
Genre Rock, heavy metal, pop, electronic, hip hop
Country of origin United Kingdom

Contents

HistoryEdit

The company was formed in 1979 by Rod Smallwood and Andy Taylor, who had first met as undergraduates at Trinity College, Cambridge, and later organized dance events for students together. In 1979, they discovered Iron Maiden in a London pub and went on to manage the heavy metal group. They consequently named the record company after the band's song "Sanctuary", an early Iron Maiden composition which was released as a single in 1980, and later included on American pressings as well as the reissued CD version of their 1980 eponymous debut album.

Sanctuary Records are noted for preferring to sign artists with long-term appeal, usually the artists are those considered heritage acts, being artists that have had a long career and steady fan base.

Between 1989 and 1991, Sanctuary was co-owned by the Zomba Group, whose music publishing arm still held the music of Iron Maiden in 2001.[4]

In 1994, the company diversified. Amongst the new media interests included a joint venture with screenwriter and producer, Raymond Thompson, which evolved into the Cloud9 Screen Entertainment Group.

Iron Maiden's back catalog was re-issued by Sanctuary in conjunction with Columbia/SME Records in the US in 2002.

Kenny Rogers' 1980s back catalog (originally released on RCA Records) was re-issued by Sanctuary's Castle Music label in conjunction with Kenny Rogers' Dreamcatcher Records in the UK. The albums were only available as imports in the US. Rogers' 2003 release "Back To The Well" was released by Sanctuary in the UK.

Mayan Records was an imprint of Sanctuary Records, under which Lordi's UK album The Monster Show was released.

2006 saw Sanctuary's notable twentieth anniversary release of CD86: 48 Tracks from the Birth of Indie Pop, a reissue of the pivotal UK independent compilation C86.[5]

The company incurred significant losses in its 2004 and 2005 fiscal years. Sanctuary's losses in 2005 increased to £142.6m from £26.7m in 2004. In October, 2005 the company announced that one quarter of its staff, representing 175 positions, would be eliminated.[6] One such layoff was John Kalodner, [7] senior vice-president of A&R, with over thirty years of industry experience.[8]

The company partly blamed the loss increase on record release delays, while announcing, in early 2006, a £110m rescue deal.[9] These events, plus pressure from the UK financial and business leaders led to Smallwood becoming merely a general manager of the company, Taylor becoming Chief Executive and former British Airways chief executive Bob Ayling being installed as the new Chairman. On 26 May 2006, Ayling dismissed Taylor, following a review of accounting practices prompted by inquiries from the Financial Reporting Review Panel.[9] The Board's publicly-stated reason for the dismissal was "that certain of the prior year adjustments made in the 2005 accounts should have been presented as a correction of fundamental errors and not as changes in accounting policy".[9] Taylor was replaced by Frank Presland, the chief executive of Sanctuary-owned Twenty-First Artists Management.[9]

In July 2006, it was reported that MAMA, the management group behind the Kaiser Chiefs and Franz Ferdinand and headed by Mean Fiddler chief Dean James, had bid for the group. This proved unsuccessful, further depressing the share value of the company. In late 2006, Rod Smallwood left the company, taking with him Iron Maiden's management interests.

In April 2007 Billboard reported that Sanctuary Records would cease to exist as a new release label in the US that summer, though catalog, licensing, and new media operations would continue. On 15 June 2007 Universal Music Group announced it had reached an agreement to buy Sanctuary Records for £44.5 million.[10] The agreement was completed in October 2007. By December 2007, it appeared that the Sanctuary name had begun to be airbrushed away, with both Morrissey and Robert Plant being transferred to the Universal-owned Decca Music Group for future releases.

On 21 September 2012, regulators approved Universal Music Group's planned acquisition of EMI from Citibank for £1.2 billion.[11] However, due to conditions imposed by the European Commission, UMG was required to sell Sanctuary.[12] BMG Rights Management acquired Sanctuary for over €46 million.[13] In June 2013, BMG agreed to have INgrooves distribute the label's catalogue in North America, while the PIAS Group would handle international rights; however, Black Sabbath's catalogue remained at Universal until March 2014, when BMG took over the band's distribution.[14] In March 2017, BMG transferred the distribution rights of select Sanctuary artists to Warner Music Group's ADA division.[15]

Former artistsEdit

Iron Maiden are one of the last artists currently signed to Sanctuary, which has released their latest album, The Book of Souls in North America, on September 4th, 2015.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BBC News, "Universal Music to buy Sanctuary", 15 June 2007, accessed 16 June 2007
  2. ^ BBC News, "Sanctuary may sell off some units", 26 January 2007, accessed 16 June 2007
  3. ^ "Corporate Information". Sanctuary Records Group Official Website. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2012-04-10. 
  4. ^ White, Adam. "The Untold Saga of the Zomba Group: Clive Calder's Empire is World's Largest Independent Music Firm" Billboard 113/18 (5 May 2001)
  5. ^ Bob Stanley, sleevenotes to CD86
  6. ^ BBC News, Sanctuary cuts a quarter of staff, 10 October 2005, accessed 29 December 2016.
  7. ^ Melinda Newman, Kalodner looking forward with an eye on past. Billboard, 8 July 2006, p. 47, accessed 4 January 2017.
  8. ^ Kalodner opted to leave the music business entirely. See Matt Wake, A&R Legend John Kalodner Talks Aerosmith and Why Rock Won't Reach the Masses Again. LA Weekly, June 16, 2016. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  9. ^ a b c d BBC News, Sanctuary sacks boss over figures, 26 May 2006, accessed 29 December 2016.
  10. ^ Kate Holton and Chris Wills, "Universal agrees to buy struggling Sanctuary", Reuters, 15 June 2007, accessed 16 June 2007
  11. ^ Joshua R. Wueller, Mergers of Majors: Applying the Failing Firm Doctrine in the Recorded Music Industry, 7 Brook. J. Corp. Fin. & Com. L. 589, 602 (2013).
  12. ^ Sweney, Mark (21 September 2012). "Universal's £1.2bn EMI takeover approved – with conditions". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  13. ^ Chmielewski, Dawn C. (14 February 2013). "Universal Music agrees to sell Sanctuary Records". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 February 2013. 
  14. ^ http://www.musicbusinessworldwide.com/universal-sony-pias-and-ingrooves-partner-with-bmg-on-sanctuary-and-mute-catalogues
  15. ^ http://www.musicbusinessworldwide.com/bmg-moves-distribution-8000-albums-warners-ada/
  16. ^ nickderiso (18 June 2015). "Iron Maiden Announces First-Ever Double Album, 'The Book of Souls'". Ultimate Classic Rock. 

External linksEdit