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Dolores O'Riordan

Dolores Mary Eileen O'Riordan (/ˈrɪərdən/; 6 September 1971 – 15 January 2018)[3] was an Irish musician, singer and songwriter. She was the lead vocalist for alternative rock band[4] The Cranberries from 1990 until they took a six-year hiatus in 2003.[5][6] They later reunited in 2009,[7][8] disbanding in 2019 following her death.[9][10]

Dolores O'Riordan
Dolores O'Riordan performing in May 2012.jpg
O'Riordan performing in Montreal in May 2012
Born
Dolores Mary Eileen O'Riordan[1]

(1971-09-06)6 September 1971
Ballybricken, County Limerick, Ireland
Died15 January 2018(2018-01-15) (aged 46)
Mayfair, London, UK
Cause of deathDrowning due to alcohol intoxication
Burial placeCaherelly Cemetery
Ballybricken[2]
Occupation
  • Musician
  • singer
  • songwriter
Spouse(s)
Don Burton
(m. 1994; div. 2014)
Children3
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
  • keyboards
  • bass
Years active1989–2018
Labels
Associated acts
Signature
Dolores O'Riordan signature.svg

O'Riordan's first solo album, Are You Listening?, was released in May 2007 and was followed up by No Baggage in August 2009. O'Riordan was known for her lilting mezzo-soprano voice,[11] her emphasised use of keening,[12] and her strong Limerick accent.[13] She appeared as a judge on RTÉ's The Voice of Ireland during the 2013–14 season. In April 2014, O'Riordan joined and began recording new material with the trio D.A.R.K.

Early lifeEdit

Dolores O'Riordan was born 6 September 1971 in Ballybricken, County Limerick, the youngest of nine children, two of whom died in infancy.[14] Her six siblings include Terence, Brendan, Donal, PJ, Joseph, and Angela.[15] Her father, Terence Patrick "Terry" O'Riordan (1937–2011),[15] worked as a farm labourer until a motorbike accident in 1968 left him brain damaged.[16] Her mother, Eileen (née Greensmith), was a school caterer. O'Riordan was raised in a devout Roman Catholic family,[17] and was named by her mother in reference to the Lady of the Seven Dolours.[18] From the age of eight, she was sexually abused for four years by an unnamed person whom she trusted.[19][20]

O'Riordan attended Laurel Hill Coláiste FCJ school in Limerick. She was a soloist of the choir. [21] She later admitted in an interview in 1995 that she had neglected her lessons in favour of writing music and song, although at school she became head girl.[22] O'Riordan left school without any qualifications.[14][23][24]

CareerEdit

1989–2003: The Cranberries and marriageEdit

In 1989, brothers Mike (bass) and Noel (guitar) Hogan formed The Cranberry Saw Us with drummer Fergal Lawler and singer Niall Quinn, in Limerick, Ireland. Less than a year later, Quinn left the band.[25] The remaining band members then placed an advertisement for a female singer. O'Riordan responded to the advertisement and auditioned by writing lyrics and melodies to some existing demos.[26] When she returned with a rough version of "Linger", she was hired, and they recorded Nothing Left At All, a three-track EP released on tape by local record label Xeric Records, which sold 300 copies.[26] The group changed their name to "The Cranberries".[27] The owner of Xeric Studios, Pearse Gilmore, became their manager and provided the group with studio time to complete another demo tape, which he produced. It featured early versions of "Linger" and "Dreams", which were sent to record companies throughout the UK.[26]

This demo earned the attention of both the UK press and record industry and sparked a bidding war between major British record labels. Eventually, the group signed with Island Records.[26] As part of The Cranberries, O'Riordan contributed to the release of five albums: Everybody Else Is Doing It, So Why Can't We? (1993), No Need to Argue (1994), To the Faithful Departed (1996), Bury the Hatchet (1999), and Wake Up and Smell the Coffee (2001), and a greatest-hits compilation, Stars: The Best of 1992–2002.[28]

 
The Cranberries performing on the Roxy Bar show at Bologna in 1995

O'Riordan has been recognised as a style icon, sporting a pixie cut or buzzed hair in the 1990s[29] and performing barefoot, saying "it just feels comfortable and honest to pull your toes along the ground."[30] Mezzo-soprano with a very distinctive vocal signature, Dolores O'Riordan is known for her accented use of yodeling techniques and Irish keening.[31] Her vocal range goes as low as B2 or as high as C6.[32] On 18 July 1994, O'Riordan married Don Burton, the former tour manager of Duran Duran, at Holy Cross Abbey in Co. Tipperary. The couple had three children (Taylor (b. 1997), Molly (b. 2001), and Dakota (b. 2005).[33] In 1998, the couple bought a 61-hectare (150-acre) stud farm, called Riversfield Stud, located in Kilmallock, County Limerick, before selling it in 2004.[34] They lived in their first home while they planned their ultra-modern house near Dunquin, Co Kerry, on the Dingle Peninsula, but they spent very little time there and sold the villa later.[35] They then moved to Howth, County Dublin, and spent summers in a log cabin in Buckhorn, Ontario, Canada.[36][37]

In September 1995, O'Riordan performed "Ave Maria" along with Luciano Pavarotti; Princess Diana, who attended the live performance, told O'Riordan that the song brought her to tears.[38] Dolores O'Riordan and Fergal Lawler presented the award for Best Song at the MTV Europe Music Awards, in Milan, Italy, on November 12, 1998.[39][40] She performed live with her band at The Nobel Peace Prize Concert, at Oslo Spektrum, Oslo, Norway, on December 11, 1998.[41] On December 15, 2001 Dolores O’Riordan performed solo in the Vatican as part of the annual Vatican Christmas Concert for Pope John Paul II. She sang "Analyse", "Panis Angelicus", "Little Drummer Boy" and "Silent Night" with a 67-piece orchestra accompanying all artists. The show was broadcast to well over 200 million people around the world.[42][43] In 2002 she received a second invitation to perform at the Vatican Christmas Concert, also called Concerto di Natale in Vaticano. O'Riordan sang “Linger”, "Happy Xmas (War is Over)" and “Adeste Fideles”, on December 13, 2002. Dolores was supported by the Millennium Symphony Orchestra on the three songs, directed by Renato Serio, and also by the Summertime Gospel Choir on "Adeste Fideles".[44][45]

In 2003, the band decided to take a temporary time-out to experiment on solo projects.[46]

2003–2014: Solo career, other projects and divorceEdit

In 2004, she appeared with the Italian artist Zucchero on the album Zu & Co., with the song "Pure Love". The album also featured other artists such as Sting, Sheryl Crow, Luciano Pavarotti, Miles Davis, John Lee Hooker, Macy Gray, and Eric Clapton. On March 6, 2004, she performed Ave Maria during the 54th International Song Festival at the Ariston Theater, San Remo, in northern Italy.[47] The same year she worked with composer Angelo Badalamenti of Twin Peaks fame on the Evilenko soundtrack, providing vocals on several tracks, including "Angels Go to Heaven", the movie's theme song.[48][49] On December 3, 2005 O'Riordan made her third appearance at the Vatican Christmas Concert, Concerto di Natale in Vaticano, were she performed "War Is Over", “Linger” and “Adeste Fideles” in duet with Gian Luca Terranova.[50] In December 2006 she would again be invited at Concerto di Natale in Vaticano who took place in Monte-Carlo as the Vatican Christmas Concert was canceled by the Pope Benedict XVI. She sang “Angel Fire” from her solo album Are You Listening? with an orchestra and Steve DeMarchi, “Away In A Manger” and “Happy Xmas (War Is Over)”.[51][52]

In 2005, she appeared on the Jam & Spoon's album Tripomatic Fairytales 3003 as a guest vocalist on the track "Mirror Lover".[53] She made a cameo appearance in the Adam Sandler comedy Click, released on 23 June 2006, as a wedding singer performing an alternate version of The Cranberries' "Linger", set to strings. Her first single, "Ordinary Day", was produced by BRIT Awards winner, Youth, whose previous credits included The Verve, Embrace, Primal Scream, U2, and Paul McCartney.[54] O'Riordan made an appearance live on The Late Late Show on 20 April 2007.[55]

 
O'Riordan promoting her debut solo album Are You Listening? in 2007

Are You Listening? was released in May 2007. "Ordinary Day" was its first single, released in late April. The video for "Ordinary Day" was shot in Prague. In August "When We Were Young" was released as the second single from the album.[56][57]

In 2006, O'Riordan was one of the 10 richest women in Ireland.[58]

On 19 November 2007, she cancelled the remainder of her European Tour (Lille, Paris, Luxembourg, Warsaw, and Prague) due to illness.[59] In December, she performed in a few small American clubs, including Des Moines, Nashville, and a well-received free show in Charlottesville, Virginia.[60] Her second album, No Baggage, featuring 11 tracks, was released in August 2009.[61] The first single "The Journey" was released on July 13, 2009, followed by a second single, "Switch Off the Moment". The music video for "The Journey" was filmed in 16 mm on May 8, 2009, at Howth Beach Pier and at Howth Summit, Dublin, Ireland. The music video aired on July 29, 2009.[62]

In 2008, O'Riordan won an EBBA Award. Every year the European Border Breakers Awards recognize the success of ten emerging artists or groups who reached audiences outside their own countries with their first internationally released album in the past year.[63]

In 2009, O'Riordan and her family moved full-time to Buckhorn.[64] In August 2013, she returned to live in Ireland. O'Riordan and her husband Burton ended their relationship in late 2014 after 20 years together.[65] They later divorced.[66]

She appeared as a judge on RTÉ's The Voice of Ireland during the 2013–14 season.[67]

2009–2018: The Cranberries reunionEdit

 
O'Riordan performing with her signature guitar at Paris in May 2010

In January 2009, the University Philosophical Society (Trinity College, Dublin) invited The Cranberries to reunite for a concert celebrating O'Riordan's appointment as an honorary member of the Society, which led the band members to consider reuniting for a tour and a recording session.[68][69][70]

On 25 August 2009, while promoting her solo album No Baggage in New York City on 101.9 RXP radio, O'Riordan announced the reunion of the Cranberries for a world tour. The tour began in North America in mid-November, followed by South America in mid-January 2010 and Europe in March 2010.[71] Also touring with the original members of the Cranberries was Denny DeMarchi, who played the keyboard for O'Riordan's solo albums.[72] The band played songs from O'Riordan's solo albums, many of the Cranberries' classics, as well as new songs. On 9 June 2010, The Cranberries performed at the Special Olympics opening ceremony at Thomond Park in Limerick; it was the first time the band had performed in their native city in over 15 years.[73] The 1st of July 2011, a concert entitled "TU Warszawa" / "Here, Warsaw" formed the main event of the inauguration of Poland's presidency of the EU council. Dolores O'Riordan performed "Zombie" and "I Lied" with the Sinfonia Varsovia Orchestra, in Warsaw, Poland. "I Lied" is the English version of the Polish song “Skłamałam”.[74][75] In 2011, they recorded their sixth album, Roses, released in February 2012.[76] She suffers from vocal cord nodules around the 2010-2012 era, concert dates are canceled and postponed.[77][78] Dolores O'Riordan and her band performed two songs at the 62th Sanremo Song Festival at the Ariston Theatre on February 18, 2012 in Sanremo, Italy, having been invited on more than one occasion to the festival.[79]

Her final performance at the Vatican's Christmas Concert (Concerto di Natale) came in December 2013. She performed four songs : "Letting Go" from Are You Listening?, "Silent Night" in duet with Elisa Toffoli, "Away In A Manger" and "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)".[80][81]

On 26 May 2016, the band announced that they planned to start a tour in Europe. The first show was held on 3 June.[82] The Cranberries made three consecutive dates in Cancún, Mexico, in February 2017. In late April 2017, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the band, they released a new studio album Something Else, featuring of acoustic versions of their greatest hits, and backed by the Irish Chamber Orchestra. Three new songs appear on this album: “The Glory,” “Rupture,” and “Why”[83] In May 2017, the band started the world tour as acoustic concerts, with a string quartet. Most of the time, Dolores O'Riordan sang on a stool, facing pains in the upper part of her spine and diaphragm pain during singing. After eleven shows, O'Riordan said to be in “excruciating pain”. The Cranberries published on social media the cancellation of the sold-out tour in Europe and North America.[84] During her rest, Dolores O'Riordan works on new demos, for plans to release a new Cranberries studio album.[85]

Dolores O'Riordan's last ever public performance was on December 14, 2017 in New York, she sang three songs of The Cranberries at Billboard magazine's Christmas party.[86]

On December 15, December 2017, one month before her death, Eminem released his album Revival which included a large sample from the song "Zombie" as the hook for his rap song "In Your Head".[87] O'Riordan remained in the band until her unexpected death on 15 January 2018.[67]

2014–2018: D.A.R.K.Edit

O'Riordan began recording new material with Jetlag, a collaboration between Andy Rourke of The Smiths and Olé Koretsky, in April 2014. They then formed a trio under the name D.A.R.K. Their first album, Science Agrees, was released in September 2016.[88][89]

O'Riordan remained with the band as well as with The Cranberries, until her unexpected death in January 2018.[67]

Personal lifeEdit

Dolores has five brothers and one sister. Dolores is the youngest of the seven.[90] Raised Catholic, O'Riordan was an admirer of Pope John Paul II,[91] whom she met twice, in 2001 and 2002.[92] She performed at the invitation of Pope Francis in 2013 at the Vatican's annual Christmas concert.[93] O'Riordan performed at the Vatican Christmas Concert in 2001, 2002, 2005, 2006 and 2013.

In 2008 she is sixth on the list of the ten richest artists in Ireland, with a $66 million fortune.[94]

In 2011, her father Terence O'Riordan died after seven years of fighting cancer. At his funeral, the man who sexually abused Dolores O'Riordan from the age of 8 to 12 introduced himself to her, O'Riordan saying that "he came and cried and said, "Sorry" ".[95]

In November 2014, O'Riordan was arrested and charged in connection with air rage on an Aer Lingus flight from New York to Shannon. During the flight, she grew verbally and physically abusive to the crew. When police were arresting her, she resisted, reminding them that her taxes paid their wages and shouting "I'm the Queen of Limerick! I'm an icon!", headbutting one Garda officer and spitting at another.[96] Later she told the media that she had been stressed from living in New York hotels following the end of her 20-year marriage.[97] The judge hearing her case agreed to dismiss all charges if she apologised in writing to her victims and contributed €6,000 to the court poor box.[96]

At the end of 2014, Dolores O'Riordan moved to Manhattan, New York, where she bought an apartment in East Village.[98]

On May 28, 2015, the Irish press discovered her new relationship with Russian musician Ole Koretsky.,[99] with whom she shared the last years of her life.

In May 2017, she publicly discussed her bipolar disorder, which she said had been diagnosed two years earlier.[100] That same month, the Cranberries cited her back problems as the reason for cancelling the second part of the group's European tour. The band stated that Dolores' back problem is in the mid to upper area of her spine and diaphragmatic movements associated with breathing and singing exacerbate pain.[101] In late 2017, O'Riordan said she was recovering and performed at a private event.[102][103] Her final public performance was on 14 December 2017 in New York at a holiday party for Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group. With 90s cover band act Saved by the 90s, she sang "Ode to my Family", "Linger" and "Zombie".[104]

DeathEdit

On 15 January 2018, O'Riordan was found unresponsive at the London Hilton on Park Lane hotel in Mayfair. She was pronounced dead later that same morning.[67][105] The cause of death was not immediately made public until an inquest held on 6 September,[106] which ruled that she died as a result of accidental drowning in a bathtub, following sedation by alcohol intoxication. Empty bottles were found in O'Riordan's room (five miniature bottles and a champagne bottle) as well as some prescription drugs, but toxicology tests showed that her body contained only "therapeutic" amounts of these medications but 330 mg of alcohol per 100 ml of blood (3.30g/l), a blood alcohol content of 0.33%.[107]

O'Riordan’s grave
O'Riordan's and her father's tombstone at Caherelly Cemetery in Herbertstown

On 21 January 2018, Dolores O'Riordan's funeral opened three days of mourning in Ireland.[108] Funeral plans included a service reserved for extended family and close friends.[109] A three-day funeral in her hometown, with O'Riordan lying in repose, lasted from 20 to 22 January at St Joseph's church. In a tribute normally reserved for Presidents, heads of State, and Popes, thousands streamed past the open coffin of Dolores O’Riordan, in a four-hour public reposing, inside St Joseph's Church in the city.[110] Dolores O’Riordan, wearing dark eyeshadow, with raven hair, was laid out in an open coffin wearing black and holding a set of pearl rosary beads.[111] O'Riordan's songs were played, while photographs of the singer performing and one of her with Pope John Paul II were placed along the walls.[112][113][114] Fergal Lawler, Mike and Noel Hogan, left a floral tribute next to the coffin of Dolores O'Riordan, which read: “The song has ended, but the memories linger on".[115]

She was buried on 23 January after a service at Saint Ailbe's Roman Catholic Church, Ballybricken, County Limerick; it began with the studio recording of "Ave Maria" as sung by O'Riordan and Luciano Pavarotti. At the end of the service the Cranberries' song "When You're Gone" was played. Among the attendees at her funeral were her mother, Eileen; her three children and their father,[116] O'Riordan's former husband, Don Burton; her sister and brothers; all Cranberries members; former rugby union player Ronan O'Gara;[117] Bono's wife Ali Hewson; and her boyfriend Olé Koretsky.[118] O'Riordan was buried alongside her father.[119]

Tributes, reactions and legacyEdit

The President of Ireland, Michael D. Higgins, was one of the first to pay tribute.[120] Other early tributes came in from across the music world, including Dave Davies (of the Kinks), Hozier, and Kodaline.[121] The Taoiseach of Ireland, Leo Varadkar, also paid tribute to O'Riordan.[122] Polish President Andrzej Duda paid tribute as well.[123] Also, as a tribute, the Avett Brothers covered The Cranberries song "Linger".[124] Bono and Johnny Depp performed a tribute for Dolores O'Riordan ending the performance on "Linger", at the National Concert Hall in Dublin, Ireland, just hours after the sudden death of O'Riordan. Bono, Sinead O’Connor, Johnny Depp and Nick Cave gave to Dolores O’Riordan a standing ovation at a birthday bash for Shane MacGowan, singer of The Pogues.[125]

On the announcement of her death on January 15, 2018, Dolores O'Riordan appeared on the huge 360 ° screen overhang the Madison Square Garden floor in New York during a New York Rangers game. The photo was published on January 17, 2018 on Facebook by Madison Square Garden.[126]

Dolores O'Riordan's boyfriend Olé Koretsky made a statement.[127] Also Andy Rourke, bassist of The Smiths, producer Stephen Street, U2, Duran Duran, Liz Phair, James Corden, Hozier, Liam Ó Maonlaí, Foster the People, Pearl Jam, Elijah Wood, Bryan Adams, Halsey, Kodaline, The The, Michael Stipe et R.E.M. Dave Davies of The Kinks, Garbage, Adele, Canadian producer Dan Brodbeck, Slash, Graham Hopkins, drummer of Therapy?, and Spotify, and many other artists expressed their sadness.[128][129][130][131][132][133][134]

On 19 January 2018, Lindsey Holmes Publicity published the primary purpose of Dolores O'Riordan's travel from New York, where she lived, to London: she was in London to work with Martin “Youth” Glover on her side project D.A.R.K. and a meeting with BMG about a new album of The Cranberries.[135] The night of her death, 15 January 2018 Dolores O'Riordan left a voice message to her friend, Managing Director of E7LG-Europe, Dan Waite, where she offered to sing on a cover of Zombie that Waite had previously given O'Riordan to listen to and accredit. TMZ published this voice message on April 5, 2018.[136] On 18 January, the heavy metal band Bad Wolves released this cover of "Zombie" (originally by The Cranberries), which charted on multiple Billboard charts.[137][138]

On 28 January, a children's choir from New York City sang The Cranberries song "Dreams" in O'Riordan's memory.[139]

On 29 March 2018, Mayor Stephen Keary presented the book of condolences with over 16,000 signatures to Dolores’ mother Eileen, brothers Donal, Terry and Joe and other family members.[140] On 13 July 2018, Eileen O’Riordan, mum of Dolores O’Riordan, had revealed that she was the last to speak on the phone to her daughter at 2am on the morning of January 15.[141]
The “In Memoriam” segment of the 2018 Grammy Awards included tributes to a number of music icons as Dolores O'Riordan.[142] "Dreams" was played in Croke Park to the capacity 82,000 crowd on 19 August, after Limerick won the Liam MacCarthy Cup in the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship for the first time in 45 years. The cup was later toured around Limerick and was brought by the team to O'Riordan's family home in Ballybricken.[143]

After her death, bandmate Noel Hogan confirmed that The Cranberries band name would be retired after the release of their 2019 album.[144] He stated: "We don't want to continue without Dolores, so we're just going to leave after this".[145]

On October 11, 2018 O’Riordan was named the top female artist of all time in Billboard’s Alternative Songs chart. On the 30th anniversary of the music chart, O'Riordan was named at the top of the 30-name list.[146]

On 18 January 2019, O'Riordan was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by University of Limerick (UL). The posthumous Honorary Doctorate of Letters was presented to Dolores’ mother Eileen O'Riordan. Noel Hogan, Mike Hogan and Fergal Lawler were also honored at the ceremony.[147]

Solo discographyEdit

AlbumsEdit

Title Album details Peak chart positions Sales
IRE
[148]
BEL
[149]
FRA
[149]
GER
[149]
ITA
[150]
SWI
[149]
UK
[151]
US
[152]
Are You Listening?
  • Released: 4 May 2007
  • Label: Sanctuary
  • Formats: CD, digital download
15 38 11 39 2 10 28 77
No Baggage 80 75 30 77 6 25
"—" denotes items that did not chart or were not released in that territory.

SinglesEdit

Year Title Peak chart positions Album
IRE
[148]
ITA
[150]
2004 "Pure Love" (with Zucchero) Zu & Co.
2007 "Ordinary Day" 50 2 Are You Listening?
"When We Were Young"
2009 "The Journey" No Baggage
"Switch Off the Moment"
"—" denotes items that did not chart or were not released in that territory.

Other appearancesEdit

Title Year Other artist(s) Comment
"Soon Is Never Enough" 1992 Moose Backing vocals[155]
"Carousel" 1993 Touch of Oliver Backing vocals[156]
"The Sun Does Rise" 1994 Jah Wobble Duet[157]
"Pure Love" 2004 Zucchero Duet[158]
"Mirror Lover" 2005 Jam & Spoon Vocals[53]
"The Butterfly" 2006 Angelo Badalementi Vocals
"Senza Fiato" 2007 Giuliano Sangiorgi Duet[159]

Other contributionsEdit

Title Year Album Comment
"God Be with You" 1997 The Devil's Own [160]
"It's Only Rock 'n' Roll" 1999 Single With supergroup Artists for Children's Promise
"Ave Maria" 2004 The Passion of the Christ: Songs Inspired By Solo track[161]
"Angels Go to Heaven" Evilenko Vocals; film soundtrack[48][49]
"The Woodstrip/There's No Way Out"
"Linger" 2006 Click Film soundtrack[162]
"Centipede Sisters" 2008 Roll Play 2 Television soundtrack[163]
"Cryopian D" 2015 Like a Puppet Show Vocals and mixed; vinyl-only release[164]
"Angela's Song" 2017 Angela's Christmas (Netflix) Netflix Film Music Performer[165]

FilmographyEdit

Title Year Role Notes
Saturday Night Live! 1995 Herself (musical guest) Episode: "George Clooney / The Cranberries"
Charmed 1999 Herself Episode: "She's a Man, Baby, a Man!"
Click 2006 Herself (cameo) performs "Linger" during Ben's wedding

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Nick, Reilly (23 January 2018). "Dolores O'Riordan has been laid to rest in Ireland". NME. Retrieved 23 January 2018.
  3. ^ Brown, Marisa. "Dolores O'Riordan Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
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External linksEdit