Saky (Ukrainian: Саки) or Saki (Russian: Саки; Crimean Tatar: Saq) is a town of regional significance in the Crimean peninsula, currently subject to a territorial dispute between the Russian Federation and Ukraine. Although it is the administrative centre of the Saky Raion, it does not belong to the raion (district), serving instead as the center and the only locality of Saky municipality. Population: 25,146 (2014 Census).
|Region||Saky City Municipality|
|• Total||29 km2 (11 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||983.52/km2 (2,547.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK)|
96500 — 96509
The exact origin of the present town of Saky is unknown. At the time of the Crimean Khanate, Saky was a small village. In 1805, Saky had less than 400 people, more than 95 percent of whom were Crimean Tatars. In 1827, the first bathhouse was built and ten years later an office of the military hospital of Simferopol.
During the Crimean War, the allied forces landed near Saky between Saky Lake and Kyzyl-Yar Lake and besieged Sevastopol. At the beginning of February 1855, the troops of General Stepan Aleksandrovich Khroulev focused on Saky before attacking the enemy in the fortifications of Evpatoria. The village was completely destroyed by bombing.
After the Crimean War, during the second wave of emigration of Crimean Tatars, the Tatar population of Saky abandoned the ruined village. In 1858, migrants from the region of Poltava settled there, followed a little later by the Greeks of Constantinople.
In February 1945, the British and American delegations at the Yalta conference landed on the airfield in Saky.
Economy and IndustryEdit
- Jodobrom § Iodobrom, bromine iodine and other halogens halides and other different chemicals
- Saky Chemical Plant, Chemical Industry, various chemicals production
- Saki CHP thermal plant was recently updated enhanced output with an PGU GTE25P gas turbine units
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2014). "Таблица 1.3. Численность населения Крымского федерального округа, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений" [Table 1.3. Population of Crimean Federal District, Its Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, Urban and Rural Settlements]. Федеральное статистическое наблюдение «Перепись населения в Крымском федеральном округе». ("Population Census in Crimean Federal District" Federal Statistical Examination) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
- (in Ukrainian) Події за темами: У Криму застрелили мера курортного селища, UNIAN (June 29, 2010)
- (in Ukrainian) У Криму розстріляли депутата, Ukrayinska Pravda (June 29, 2010)
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