Mahmut Sadi Irmak (May 15, 1904,[1] Seydişehir – November 11, 1990, Istanbul)[2] was a Turkish academic in physiology, politician and former Prime Minister of Turkey.[3]

Sadi Irmak
17th Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
November 17, 1974 – March 31, 1975
PresidentFahri Korutürk
Preceded byBülent Ecevit
Succeeded bySüleyman Demirel
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
In office
October 27, 1981 – December 4, 1983
PresidentKenan Evren
Preceded byCahit Karakaş
Succeeded byNecmettin Karaduman
Minister of Labor
In office
March 9, 1943 – September 9, 1947
Prime MinisterRecep Peker, Şükrü Saracoğlu
Succeeded byBekir Balta
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
28 February 1943 – 14 May 1950
ConstituencyKonya (1943, 1946)
Personal details
Born(1904-05-15)May 15, 1904
Seydişehir, Ottoman Empire
DiedNovember 11, 1990(1990-11-11) (aged 86)
Istanbul, Turkey
Resting placeAşiyan Asri Cemetery, Istanbul
Political partyRepublican People's Party (CHP)
Alma materIstanbul University, University of Berlin
OccupationPhysician, politician


He was born in the town Seydişehir of Konya, Ottoman Empire in 1904. He became teacher for biology after finishing the college in Konya. However, he quit his job the same year and attended the Law School at Istanbul University. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk wanted to send 50 of his students abroad for a good education in 1925. A test was held for this throughout Turkey. Sadi was among those who took the exam and was chosen. When Sadi got on the train, she refused to go. Just then, a telegram arrived. Sadi read Atatürk's words: we send you as a spark, return as a flame. That words affected sadi. And he decided to go again. He went to Germany on a state granted scholarship to study biology and medicine. He graduated from the University of Berlin in 1929 with a degree in medicine. After completing his study, Sadi Irmak worked as an assistant physician in hospitals in Hagen and Düsseldorf, Germany. Irmak was fascinated by the Nazis and was a prominent proponent of eugenics.[4]

Returned to Turkey, he worked as a government physician and teacher for biology. In 1932, he became a lecturer at the School of Medicine of Istanbul University, and in 1939, he was promoted to full professor for physiology.

Political careerEdit

Sadi Irmak entered politics in 1943 as deputy of Konya. Between June 7, 1945 and August 5, 1946, he served as Minister of Labor in the cabinet of Şükrü Saracoğlu. He returned to the faculty, however, in 1950, to lecture first in Munich, Germany and then in Istanbul again. In 1974, he was admitted to the Senate. The same year, Sadi Irmak was commissioned by President Fahri Korutürk to form the 38th government of Turkey. The caretaker government under his prime ministry lasted from November 17, 1974 until his resignation on March 31, 1975 due to a vote of no confidence in the parliament. After the military coup on September 12, 1980, he was elected to the Consultative Assembly. He acted as its speaker from October 27, 1981 until December 4, 1983.

Sadi Irmak died on November 11, 1990 in Istanbul, and was buried at the Aşiyan Asri Cemetery. He was survived by his wife and two children. His daughter, Prof. Yakut Irmak Özden, is director of the Institute for Atatürk's Ideology and History of His Reforms at Istanbul University.[5]


  1. ^ International Who's Who, 1983-84. December 1983. ISBN 9780905118864.
  2. ^ "Index I".
  3. ^ "Sadi Irmak".
  4. ^ Murat Ergin (3 April 2019). "Turkey's hard white turn". Aeon. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  5. ^ School of Communications at Istanbul University (in Turkish)


External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Turkey
Nov 17, 1974 – Mar 31, 1975
Succeeded by
Preceded by Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
Oct 27, 1981 – Dec 4, 1983
Succeeded by