Les Sables-d'Olonne (French pronunciation: [le sabl dɔlɔn] (listen); French meaning: "The Sands of Olonne") is a seaside town in Western France, on the Atlantic Ocean. A subprefecture of the department of Vendée, it has the administrative level of commune. On 1 January 2019, the municipalities of Olonne-sur-Mer, Château-d'Olonne and Les Sables-d'Olonne merged, retaining the latter name.
Advocata nostra, ora pro nobis
|Region||Pays de la Loire|
|Intercommunality||Les Sables-d'Olonne Agglomeration|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Yannick Moreau|
|86.07 km2 (33.23 sq mi)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
85194 /85100, 85340, 85180
|Elevation||0–59 m (0–194 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
Location and geographyEdit
This section needs expansion with: sources of current information, and information expanding on its physical and political geography. You can help by adding to it. (November 2016)
Les Sables-d'Olonne is a seaside town in western France, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is situated on the coast between La Rochelle and Saint-Nazaire, near the coastal terminus of the A87 that connects it and nearby communities to La Roche-sur-Yon, Cholet, and Angers to the northeast. The nearest major metropolitan center of France, to Les Sables-d'Olonne, is Nantes, to the north (approximately 105 km, by road).
It is at the level of administrative division in the French Republic of a commune—roughly equivalent to civil townships in the United States—and is a sub-prefecture of the Department of Vendée.
This section needs expansion with: sources of current information, and supplemental information from 1945 to present. You can help by adding to it. (November 2016)
Les Sables-d'Olonne (pronounced [le sabl dolɔn]) is French for "the sands of Olonne". It was founded in 1218 from Havre d'Olonne by Savary I de Mauléon, the Lord of Mauléon, Sénéchal of Poitou and prince of Talmont. Its history is tied to the ocean for which it has served as a port and point of maritime commerce. Louis XI separated Les Sables d'Olonne from the town of Olonne in 1472. It became the largest cod-fishing port in France, with 14,000 inhabitants, in the 17th century. During the French Revolution, unlike the surrounding Vendée, the city supported the Republic, and so was often besieged—unsuccessfully, because of its port. The current local tourism industry traces its roots to bathing establishments, first begun in 1825. Rail service reached Les Sables on 29 December 1866, via the line from La Roche-sur-Yon, Bressuire, Saumur, and Tours; express service to and from Paris would arrive in 1971. The city's port served as a base port for American Expeditionary Forces during World War I.Germany occupied Les Sables d'Olonne during World War II and, upon evacuation of that army at war's end, the German army made an effort to destroy the port, and mined the harbor.
The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Les Sables-d'Olonne proper, in its geography at the given years. The populations of Olonne-sur-Mer and Château-d'Olonne, absorbed in 2019, are not included.
|Source: EHESS and INSEE (2007-2017)|
Interests and eventsEdit
The Musée de l'Abbaye Sainte-Croix is a municipal museum situated in a 17th-century building that is devoted to modern and contemporary art, and that has "Musée de France" status. It includes works of Gaston Chaissac (1910–1964) and Victor Brauner (1903–1966).[why?]
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
- Arrêté préfectoral 17 August 2018 (in French)
- "Ville de les Sables-d'Olonne, information sur la mairie de les Sables-d'Olonne et sur le territoire, 85100 - Commune-Mairie.fr".
- "La sous-préfecture des Sables d'Olonne". 29 April 2021.
- Order of Battle of the United States Land Forces in the World War, American Expeditionary Forces: General Headquarters Armies, Army Corps Services of Supply Separate Forces, Volume I (PDF). Center of Military History, United States Army. 1937. p. 55. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
- Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Les Sables-d'Olonne, EHESS. (in French)
- Populations légales 2012, INSEE
- Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
- "Jumelages". lessablesdolonne.fr (in French). Les Sables-d'Olonne. Retrieved 2021-03-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Les Sables-d'Olonne.|