Murat, Cantal

Murat is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region in south-central France. On 1 January 2017, the former commune of Chastel-sur-Murat was merged into Murat.[2] Murat is the administrative seat of this new commune.

Murat
The church and surrounding buildings, in Murat
The church and surrounding buildings, in Murat
Coat of arms of Murat
Coat of arms
Location of Murat
Murat is located in France
Murat
Murat
Murat is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Murat
Murat
Coordinates: 45°06′38″N 2°52′10″E / 45.1106°N 2.8694°E / 45.1106; 2.8694Coordinates: 45°06′38″N 2°52′10″E / 45.1106°N 2.8694°E / 45.1106; 2.8694
CountryFrance
RegionAuvergne-Rhône-Alpes
DepartmentCantal
ArrondissementSaint-Flour
CantonMurat
IntercommunalityHautes Terres Communauté
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gilles Chabrier
Area
1
20.26 km2 (7.82 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01)[1]
1,878
 • Density93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
15138 /15300
Elevation868–1,163 m (2,848–3,816 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

HistoryEdit

 
Hamburg, Memorial of Neuengamme concentration camp: memorial area, monument for the deported and murdered Maquis of Murat (Cantal)

On 24 June 1944, during World War II, 120 Muratais were deported, 80 never returned.

The French people from Murat were deported via Compiègne to the Neuengamme concentration camp and most of them had to work in the subcamp (in German: Außenlager) Farge concentration camp. At begin of June, 2012 a monument in the Memorial wood on the gardening area of former concentration camp was established: It was donated by the citiy of Murat, to remember on what happened in Murat and to remind there the deported and murdered inhabitants.[3][4][5] The columns of basalt remember on Juli, 1944 when the Maquisards from Murat, Cantal were deported and afterwards murdered in the Neuengamme concentration camp and its affiliates. In total 75 men of 103 died in the concentration camp.[6]

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Murat is situated on the eastern edge of the Mounts of Cantal, in the valley of the Alagnon, a tributary of the Allier, which was the principal route for crossing the Massif Central. It is surrounded by three basalt outcrops, the vestiges of former volcanoes, the Rocher de Bredons, where there is a priory church dating from the 12th century, the rocher de Bonnevie, where there is an 8-metre high statue of the Virgin Mary known as Notre-Dame de la Haute-Auvergne, and the Rocher de Chastel, where the 12th century chapel of St Antoine stands. A market is held every Friday.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19622,438—    
19682,587+6.1%
19752,605+0.7%
19822,435−6.5%
19902,409−1.1%
19992,153−10.6%
20082,045−5.0%

AdministrationEdit

Mayor (maire in French) of the municipal council:

Name Start End Notes
Martine Mahtouk 2001 2008
Emmanuel Grèze 1983 2001 Former General councillor(Conseiller général[7]); Conseiller Régional
Jean Meyniel 1977 1983
Antoine Tabayse 1969 1977
Joseph Constant 1968 1969
Hector Peschaud 1946 1968
Antoine Combes 1944 1946
Hector Peschaud 1928 1944
Gabriel Peschaud 1897 1928 Député
Raymond Teissèdre 1896 1897
Leon Auguste Teillard Chabrier 1895 1896
Maurice guibal[8] 1881 1895 républicain General councillor (conseiller général)
Pierre Hector Veisseyre 12 February 1878
Joseph Léon Dubois 3 November 1874
Félix Robert 13 February 1874
Pierre Hector Veisseyre 19 June 1871
Alfred Talandier Espinasse 29 September 1856
Identité=Emile Teissèdre 24 July 1852
Jean Baptiste Rhodes 11 November 1848
Pierre Duclos 2 May 1848
Jules Teillard Laterisse 29 December 1843
François Escaille 10 July 1833
Antoine Talandier Lespinasse 11 October 1830
Jean baptiste Marcombes 30 December 1825
Identité=Pierre Maynobe 16 June 1819
Jean Raymond Rancillac de Chazelles 11 November 1815
Antoine Gazard 5 July 1815
Claude Amable Tournier 5 June 1815
Antoine Gazard messidor an X
Cérice Bonaventure Teillard Chambon 1st prairial an VII
Municipalités de canton From An IV to An VIII
Joseph Dubois 11 brumaire an III
François Teillard Beynac 2 December 1792
Cérice Bonaventure Teillard Chambon 28 October 1792
Antoine Dominique Chabanon 15 May 1791
Antoine Roux 15 July 1790
Etienne de Montreuil de Charmanière 9 February 1790

[9]

PersonalitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. ^ Arrêté préfectoral 16 December 2016 (in French)
  3. ^ (fr) Murat, Cantal at the Internet Archive
  4. ^ Klaus Witzeling: Bekannte Orte, historisch gesehen (title translated to English: Well known places in historical view). In: Hamburger Abendblatt, from May 29, 2012, Beilage Museumswelt Hamburg, Frühjahr 2012, p. 16.
  5. ^ Senatorin weiht Mahnmal für Deportierte aus Murat ein (title translated to English: Senator inaugurates the monument for the deported people from Murat). In: Bergedorfer Zeitung, from June 7, 2012.
  6. ^ Unrest in Murat
  7. ^ General councils of France
  8. ^ ended the building of The Villa or Castel Marguerite in Neussargues-Moissac.
  9. ^ Some information is quoted from the article of Mr. Philippart: (in French) Murat à la fin du XIXe siècle:une cité,un maire,un journal.
  10. ^ (in French) Raymond Leopol Bruckberger Notice biographique de l'Académie des sciences morales et politiques Archived 2007-04-08 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit