Murat is a commune in the Cantal department in the Auvergne region in south-central France. On 1 January 2017, the former commune of Chastel-sur-Murat was merged into Murat. Murat is the administrative seat of this new commune.
The church and surrounding buildings, in Murat
|Intercommunality||Hautes Terres Communauté|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Gilles Chabrier|
|20.26 km2 (7.82 sq mi)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||868–1,163 m (2,848–3,816 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
On 24 June 1944, during World War II, 120 Muratais were deported, 80 never returned.
The French people from Murat were deported via Compiègne to the Neuengamme concentration camp and most of them had to work in the subcamp (in German: Außenlager) Farge concentration camp. At begin of June, 2012 a monument in the Memorial wood on the gardening area of former concentration camp was established: It was donated by the citiy of Murat, to remember on what happened in Murat and to remind there the deported and murdered inhabitants. The columns of basalt remember on Juli, 1944 when the Maquisards from Murat, Cantal were deported and afterwards murdered in the Neuengamme concentration camp and its affiliates. In total 75 men of 103 died in the concentration camp.
Murat is situated on the eastern edge of the Mounts of Cantal, in the valley of the Alagnon, a tributary of the Allier, which was the principal route for crossing the Massif Central. It is surrounded by three basalt outcrops, the vestiges of former volcanoes, the Rocher de Bredons, where there is a priory church dating from the 12th century, the rocher de Bonnevie, where there is an 8-metre high statue of the Virgin Mary known as Notre-Dame de la Haute-Auvergne, and the Rocher de Chastel, where the 12th century chapel of St Antoine stands. A market is held every Friday.
Mayor (maire in French) of the municipal council:
|Emmanuel Grèze||1983||2001||Former General councillor(Conseiller général); Conseiller Régional|
|Leon Auguste Teillard Chabrier||1895||1896|
|Maurice guibal||1881||1895||républicain General councillor (conseiller général)|
|Pierre Hector Veisseyre||12 February 1878|
|Joseph Léon Dubois||3 November 1874|
|Félix Robert||13 February 1874|
|Pierre Hector Veisseyre||19 June 1871|
|Alfred Talandier Espinasse||29 September 1856|
|Identité=Emile Teissèdre||24 July 1852|
|Jean Baptiste Rhodes||11 November 1848|
|Pierre Duclos||2 May 1848|
|Jules Teillard Laterisse||29 December 1843|
|François Escaille||10 July 1833|
|Antoine Talandier Lespinasse||11 October 1830|
|Jean baptiste Marcombes||30 December 1825|
|Identité=Pierre Maynobe||16 June 1819|
|Jean Raymond Rancillac de Chazelles||11 November 1815|
|Antoine Gazard||5 July 1815|
|Claude Amable Tournier||5 June 1815|
|Antoine Gazard||messidor an X|
|Cérice Bonaventure Teillard Chambon||1st prairial an VII|
|Municipalités de canton||From An IV to An VIII|
|Joseph Dubois||11 brumaire an III|
|François Teillard Beynac||2 December 1792|
|Cérice Bonaventure Teillard Chambon||28 October 1792|
|Antoine Dominique Chabanon||15 May 1791|
|Antoine Roux||15 July 1790|
|Etienne de Montreuil de Charmanière||9 February 1790|
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- Arrêté préfectoral 16 December 2016 (in French)
- (fr) Murat, Cantal at the Internet Archive
- Klaus Witzeling: Bekannte Orte, historisch gesehen (title translated to English: Well known places in historical view). In: Hamburger Abendblatt, from May 29, 2012, Beilage Museumswelt Hamburg, Frühjahr 2012, p. 16.
- Senatorin weiht Mahnmal für Deportierte aus Murat ein (title translated to English: Senator inaugurates the monument for the deported people from Murat). In: Bergedorfer Zeitung, from June 7, 2012.
- Unrest in Murat
- General councils of France
- ended the building of The Villa or Castel Marguerite in Neussargues-Moissac.
- Some information is quoted from the article of Mr. Philippart: (in French) Murat à la fin du XIXe siècle:une cité,un maire,un journal.
- (in French) Raymond Leopol Bruckberger Notice biographique de l'Académie des sciences morales et politiques Archived 2007-04-08 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Murat (Cantal).|