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The Allier (Occitan: Alèir) is a river in central France. It is a left tributary of the Loire. Its source is in the Massif Central, in the Lozère department, east of Mende. It flows generally north. It joins the Loire west of the city of Nevers. It is 421 km (262 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 14,350 km2 (5,540 sq mi).[1]

Allier
Occitan: Alèir
Brioude pont.JPEG
Bridge over the Allier
MapAllier.jpg
Map of the Allier in France
Native nameL'Allier (f)  (French)
Location
CountryFrance
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationMassif Central
 ⁃ elevation1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
Loire
 ⁃ coordinates
46°57′34″N 3°4′44″E / 46.95944°N 3.07889°E / 46.95944; 3.07889 (Loire-Allier)Coordinates: 46°57′34″N 3°4′44″E / 46.95944°N 3.07889°E / 46.95944; 3.07889 (Loire-Allier)
Length421 km (262 mi)
Basin size14,350 km2 (5,540 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average140 m3/s (4,900 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionLoireAtlantic Ocean

Contents

Departments and townsEdit

TributariesEdit

The main tributaries of the Allier are:

EcologyEdit

 
Grayling in a sunny pool

The Allier is one of the rare places in southern Europe where the freshwater grayling (Thymallus thymallus), known in French as ombre des rivières, occurs in a natural habitat.[2]

Grayling like to live in shoals and are sensitive to pollution. In the Allier these fish are more abundant in the stretch between Langogne and Brioude. They are economically important, being appreciated for food and fished for sport.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau (K---0080)".
  2. ^ "The grayling zones of rivers and their tributaries" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-02-07. Retrieved 2009-01-14.