Russula ochroleuca

Russula ochroleuca is a member of the genus Russula. A group that have become known as brittlegills. It has been commonly known as the common yellow russula for some years, and latterly the ochre brittlegill. It is widespread, and common in mixed woodland.

Russula ochroleuca
Russula ochroleuca châtaigne.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Russulales
Family: Russulaceae
Genus: Russula
Species:
R. ochroleuca
Binomial name
Russula ochroleuca
Fr. (1838)
Synonyms
  • Agaricus ochroleucaus Pers. (1801)
Russula ochroleuca
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is free or adnexed
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is mycorrhizal
edibility: edible, but unpalatable

TaxonomyEdit

Russula ochroleuca was first noted and named as a species of Agaricus by the pioneering South African mycologist Christian Hendrik Persoon in 1801.

DescriptionEdit

The cap is dull yellow and 5–12 cm (2–4.5 in) wide, initially convex, later flat, or slightly depressed. The cap margin becomes furrowed when mature, and it is two-thirds peeling. The gills are white to greyish white, and are adnexed.[1] The stipe is 3–7 cm (1–3 in) long, 1–2 cm (0.5–1 in) wide, cylindrical, white or later greyish. The taste is mild to moderately hot.

It could be confused with the similar-looking and much better tasting Russula claroflava.

Distribution and habitatEdit

Russula ochroleuca grows in deciduous and coniferous forest, where it (at least in Northwestern Europe) is very common. In the USA it is fairly common under conifers; birch, and aspen in the Northern States.[2]

EdibilityEdit

Although considered edible, it is not known as particularly tasty. It is mild to moderately hot.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roger Phillips (2006). Mushrooms. Pan MacMillan. ISBN 0-330-44237-6.
  2. ^ David Arora (1986). Mushrooms Demystified. Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-89815-169-4.
  • "Danske storsvampe. Basidiesvampe" [a key to Danish basidiomycetes] J.H. Petersen and J. Vesterholt eds. Gyldendal. Viborg, Denmark, 1990. ISBN 87-01-09932-9