Rulaizong (simplified Chinese: 佛教如来宗; traditional Chinese: 佛教如來宗; pinyin: Fójiào Rúláizōng; Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄈㄛˊ ㄐㄧㄠˋ ㄖㄨˊ ㄌㄞˊ ㄗㄨㄥ; literally, The Tathāgata Sect of Buddhism) is a cult originating in Taiwan which was established by Miaochan. It claims itself as a sect of Buddhism. According to the official website of Rulaizong, in 2015, the organization had more than 90,000 followers.

Rulaizong
Rulaizong Logo.gif
Logo of Rulaizong
Total population
over 90,000 followers (According to its official website)
Founder
Miaochan
Regions with significant populations
Taiwan
Religions
Buddhism (self-claimed)
Scriptures
Three Holy Teachings, Compassionate Teachings from Miaochan, Dharma's Speeches towards Heredity, Heart Sutra and Diamond Sutra
Website
www.rulai.org
Rulaizong
Traditional Chinese佛教如來宗
Simplified Chinese佛教如来宗
Literal meaningThe Tathāgata Sect of Buddisum
External images
image icon Gathering of Rulaizong
image icon Believers kowtowing Miaochan

HistoryEdit

Miaochan, whose birth name was Liu Jinlong, was a stuntman during his youth. He learned qigong during that time and could sit on a bed of nails. Liu married three times and had three children. Peng, his third wife, had the Buddhist name "Miaodianlian" (miao means wonderful, dian means palace, lian means lotus).[1][2] In 1990, Liu and his wife practiced through Master Wujue Miaotian. Miaotian gave Liu a Buddhist name, "Miaodianming" (ming means understanding).[1]

Liu was involved in a series of lawsuits with Miaotian in the late 1990s.[1] In 1998, Liu accused Miaotian of bilking consumers in the sale of cubicles for cremation urns. In March 1998, Liu gave himself a Buddhist name, "Xingbenjue" (xing means actions, ben means roots, jue means enlightenment), declared himself a Buddha, and called a press conference to criticize Miaotian. In August of the same year, Liu apologized to Miaotian and was allowed to rejoin Miaotian. In 2004, Liu declared himself a Buddha again and changed his name to Liu Miaoru. Liu claimed he was "Master Miaochan" (which literally means "the wonderful Zen") and established Rulaizong. It was rumored that the reason behind the breakaway from Miaotian was due to the dissatisfaction of Liu towards Miaotian on the selling of his products towards believers.[3] According to the official saying from Rulaizong, Liu became the "Master with Great Achievement" and established Rulaizong in 1998, and officially started to spread his teachings in 2004.[4]

DoctrinesEdit

According to the official website of Rulaizong, the belief system uses the works Three Holy Teachings, Compassionate Teachings from Miaochan, Dharma's Speeches towards Heredity, Heart Sutra, and Diamond Sutra as the "most exacted rules of Dzogchen".[4][5] Of these books, Three Holy Teachings was authored by Miaochan himself. The book states that besides Tathāgata, all things (including things from ten spiritual realms) are empty and are created by Tathāgata.[6]

Rulaizong believes that Miaochan had a great force to remove believers' bad karmas. Rulaizong also states that Miaochan was sent to the Sahā World by Tathāgata, and believers would accept Miaochan when they were enlightened.[7] Miaochan stated that although there were not many people believing him, their eyes from the sky had seen the spirituality of the three wise men and the three lower realms. Nonetheless, if they did not follow the "Rules of Tathāgata" proposed by Rulaizong, they would not see Tathāgata.[8] Miaochan also stated that if a bodhisattva's reincarnation did not follow Miaochan's practice, he would only retrieve his identity as a bodhisattva or even lower his status.[8]

ActivitiesEdit

 
Believers in each special municipality and county in Taiwan
  More than 8,000 believers
  6,001 to 8,000 believers
  4,001 to 6,000 believers
  2,001 to 4,000 believers
  0 to 2,000 believers
  Not applicable

Rulaizong has 30 monasteries in the northern, middle, and southern parts of Taiwan. Moreover, 101 university clubs related to Rulaizong were established in Taiwan.[9] For example, in the National Taiwan University, the "Buddhism Witness Club", which had the background of Rulaizong, organized band practices, exchanges, and pujas.[10] In 2015, the "Buddhism Witness Club" at the National Taiwan Ocean University was awarded the "Excellent Award in Academic and Art Clubs" by Evaluation of Nationwide University Clubs of Taiwan.[11] These clubs also cooperated with Taiwanese police to organize anti-crime promotion activities.[12]

According to its official website, Rulaizong has 90,000 believers, most of them intelligentsia and their families.[4] More than 8,000 university students are believers of Rulaizong.[13] Some Taiwanese artists, such as Sonia Sui, Yao Yao, Annie Yi, Harlem Yu, Joanne Tseng, and Chiang Shu-na are also believers of Rulaizong. Matthew Lien, a Taiwan-based Canadian artist, composed a song called "All Rise Together" for Rulaizong. When Chiang Shu-na participated in an activity organized by Rulaizong, she was blessed by Miaochan. At that time, her body shook for 20 seconds, making discussions in the Internet society of Taiwan.[14]

A person who is willing to become a believer of Rulaizong must be introduced by a believer in order to enter Rulaizong. A handbook is published for senior believers to answer newcomers' doubts.[2] According to Rulaizong's confidential documents, Rulaizong does not accept critically ill patients and children as believers.[2]

ControversiesEdit

According to the Shakyamuni Buddhist Foundation founded by Miaotian, Miaochan cheated his master, destroyed his reputation, and apprenticed privately. Hence, the Foundation gave a verbal warning to Miaochan in 2012. After the incident of Chiang Shu-na in 2014, the Foundation found that Miaochan also used sorcery to cheat people, misled people, and made trouble among believers. Consequently, the Foundation decided to expel Miaochan from Zen.[15] The Foundation also described the behavior of believers of Rulaizong, saying that using the phrase "Thank the Master, Praise the Master," which is repeated by believers during gatherings to praise Miaochan is like parroting.[15] The Foundation also stated that the activities of Rulaizong were a kind of idolatry, violating the concept that all sattvic beings are equal in Buddhism.[15]

Besides its doctrines, Rulaizong has been criticized for attracting believers in a direct marketing fashion.[2] Believers of Rulaizong must pay 300 New Taiwan dollars for admission, while students and other believers pay 200 New Taiwan dollars and 2000 New Taiwan dollars for the extra fee each month, respectively. Although the official position is that the extra fee is voluntary, it has led to controversy.[9] Moreover, a bank issued a credit card that frequently deducted an amount of cash to cover the extra fee, and deducted 1% from each transaction to the "Buddhism Witness Association".[9] According to an estimation by the Apple Daily, Rulaizong earned the accumulated revenue of a few billion New Taiwan dollars in 2014.[2]

University clubs related to Rulaizong were also involved in controversies. Some students accused these clubs of forcibly receiving revenue and occupying classrooms for promotions.[16] Some students from the National Taiwan Normal University said that they had to pay an extra fee of 200 New Taiwan dollars after they attended activities related to Rulaizong. Although the president of the club declined the accusation of the extra fee, according to the regulations of university clubs in Taiwan, these clubs were responsible to report other revenues besides the club fees. The club at the National Taiwan Normal University did not report the extra fees to the university, leading the university to launch an investigation.[17]

After the clip about Chiang Shu-na shaking for 20 seconds during an activity organized by Rulaizong was revealed, the Shakyamuni Buddhist Foundation criticized the behavior as the result of a strange power that made believers act crazy.[15] A psychologist said that Chiang's behavior was something like expressing emotions or hysteria. A religious expert said that it was irrelevant to induction.[18] An expert of qigong said that it was a way of hypnosis using qigong.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c 邱曉佩; 劉亮亨 (2014-03-07). "妙禪師父何人?早年替身演員 結3次婚". 中時電子報. Archived from the original on 2014-03-07. Retrieved 2015-12-23.
  2. ^ a b c d e f 方翊倩 (2014-04-02). "直銷式收信徒 江淑娜師父揭祕". 台灣蘋果日報. Archived from the original on 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  3. ^ 龔祐吟 (2014). 實相無相的禪宗實踐:妙天的思想內涵與相關議題 (PDF) (Thesis). 國立交通大學. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-12-24. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  4. ^ a b c "關於妙禪師父". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  5. ^ "妙禪師父立「佛教如來宗」帶領弟子成就佛道". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
  6. ^ "妙禪師父開示三聖教". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
  7. ^ "入「寶山」不要空手回! 妙禪師父慈悲開示: 入明師座下 不要只想給 師父渡業力 應依教奉行 佛心印心 成佛利眾". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  8. ^ a b "妙禪師父慈悲開示:通過如來法則·由如來親定". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
  9. ^ a b c 宋燕旻; 戴榮賢; 姜竹祥 (2014-03-05). "妙禪信徒遍全台 每月繳交護持金". 華視新聞網. Archived from the original on 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  10. ^ "如來實證社". 國立台灣大學課外活動組. Archived from the original on 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
  11. ^ "海大社團表現佳 全國評鑑再度獲特優肯定". 中央社. 2015-04-08. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  12. ^ 許國楨 (2012-06-24). "〈中部〉校園防詐宣導 佛學社淡定易教". 自由時報. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  13. ^ "佛教如來宗大學團與如來實證社簡介". 佛教如來宗. Archived from the original on 2015-12-26. Retrieved 2015-12-26.
  14. ^ "江淑娜 虔心妙禪暴哭激晃 抖出信徒 瑤瑤 隋棠". 台灣蘋果日報. 2014-03-06. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  15. ^ a b c d "禪宗紀律委員會決議公告". 財團法人釋迦牟尼佛救世基金會. 2014-03-11. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  16. ^ "曾跟隨妙天 妙禪自立門戶擁7萬信眾". TVBS新聞. 2014-03-05. Archived from the original on 2016-01-05. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  17. ^ "〈獨家〉月收200「隨喜費」? 大學宗教社惹爭議". TVBS新聞. 2012-03-30. Archived from the original on 2015-12-25. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  18. ^ 【中視新聞】江淑娜篤信妙禪 全身抖動痛哭影片瘋傳 20140305. 中視新聞. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2015-12-24.

External linksEdit