Robert Ker, 3rd Earl of Roxburghe

Robert Ker, 3rd Earl of Roxburghe PC (c. 1658 – 6 May 1682) was a Scottish nobleman.


The Earl of Roxburghe

Personal details
Bornc. 1658
Died6 May 1682(1682-05-06) (aged 23–24)
Spouse(s)
Lady Margaret Hay
(m. 1675; his death 1682)
RelationsJohn Drummond, 2nd Earl of Perth (grandfather)
ChildrenRobert Ker, 4th Earl of Roxburghe
John Ker, 1st Duke of Roxburghe
William Ker
ParentsWilliam Ker, 2nd Earl of Roxburghe
Hon. Jane Ker

Early lifeEdit

He was the eldest son of four boys born to William Ker, 2nd Earl of Roxburghe and Hon. Jane Ker, who were first cousins. Among his younger brothers were William Ker, who served as Sheriff of Tweeddale,[1] and John Ker, who later took the surname Bellenden and became 2nd Lord Bellenden of Broughton (after inheriting from their first cousin twice removed, William Bellenden, 1st Lord Bellenden, the son of Sir James Bellenden of Broughton, and Margaret Ker).[2] His only sister, Lady Jean Ker, was married to Colin Lindsay, 3rd Earl of Balcarres, a prominent supporter of James II of England.[3]

His paternal grandparents were John Drummond, 2nd Earl of Perth, and Lady Jean Ker (the eldest daughter of Robert Ker, 1st Earl of Roxburghe).[4] His father's eldest brother was James Drummond, 3rd Earl of Perth.[5] His cousin, James Drummond, 4th Earl of Perth, was created the Duke of Perth in the Jacobite Peerage in 1701.[6] His maternal grandparents were Hon. Harry Ker and Lady Margaret Hay (the only daughter of William Hay, 10th Earl of Erroll and Lady Anne Lyon, daughter of Patrick Lyon, 1st Earl of Kinghorne). After his grandfather died, his grandmother remarried to John Kennedy, 6th Earl of Cassilis.[1]

Peerage and careerEdit

Upon his fathers death in 1675, seventeen year-old Robert Ker inherited the titles and estates as the 3rd Earl of Roxburghe.[7]

In 1680, he served as Privy Councillor. In 1681, he served as Sheriff Principal of Selkirk, also serving as Sheriff of Roxburgheshire and Baillie of the Regality of Melrose.[1]

Personal lifeEdit

On 10 October 1675, Roxburghe was married to Lady Margaret Hay, eldest daughter of John Hay, 1st Marquess of Tweeddale and Lady Jean Scott, the second daughter of Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuch.[1] Together, they were the parents of:[1]

Roxburghe died on 6 May 1682 and was succeeded in his titles by his eldest son, Robert. As Robert died unmarried four years later, the title passed to his second son, John, who was created Lord Ker of Cessford and Cavertoun, Viscount of Broxmouth, Earl of Kelso, Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford, and the 1st Duke of Roxburghe on 25 April 1707.[10]

Family TreeEdit

Ker and Innes-Ker Family Tree: Earls and Dukes of Roxburghe
EARL OF ROXBURGHE, 1616
Robert Ker,
1st Earl of Roxburghe

(1570–1650)
William Ker,
Lord Ker
(d. 1618)
Lady Jean Ker
m. John Drummond,
2nd Earl of Perth
Henry Ker,
Lord Ker
(d. 1643)
William Drummond (Ker),
2nd Earl of Roxburghe

(1622–1675)
Jean KerMargaret Ker
(d. 1681)
m. Sir James Innes, 3rd Bt.
Robert Ker,
3rd Earl of Roxburghe

(1658–1682)
John Ker (Bellenden),
2nd Lord Bellenden
[11]
(d. 1707)
Sir Henry Innes, 4th Bt.
(d. 1721)
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE, 1707
Robert Ker,
4th Earl of Roxburghe
(c. 1677–1696)
John Ker,
5th Earl of Roxburghe,
1st Duke of Roxburghe

(c. 1680–1741)
William Bellenden
(1702–1758)
Sir Henry Innes, 5th Bt.
(d. 1762)
DUKE OF ROXBURGHE, 1707
(SUCCESSION DECIDED 1812)
Robert Ker
2nd Duke of Roxburghe

(c. 1709–1755)
William Bellenden-Ker
7th Lord Bellenden,
4th Duke of Roxburghe

(1728–1805)
Sir James Innes-Ker, 6th Bt.,
5th Duke of Roxburghe

(1736–1823)
John Ker,
3rd Duke of Roxburghe

(1740–1804)
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker,
6th Duke of Roxburghe

(1816–1879)
James Henry Robert Innes-Ker,
7th Duke of Roxburghe

(1839–1892)
Henry John Innes-Ker,
8th Duke of Roxburghe

(1876–1932)
George Victor Robert John Innes-Ker,
9th Duke of Roxburghe

(1913–1974)
Guy David Innes-Ker,
10th Duke of Roxburghe

(b. 1954)
Charles Robert George Innes-Ker,
Marquess of Bowmont and Cessford

(b. 1981)
Heir Apparent

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ From Lady Mary's first marriage to William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax, she was the mother of Lady Mary Savile, who married Sackville Tufton, 7th Earl of Thanet in 1722, and Lady Dorothy Savile (1699–1758), who married Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington.[8]
Sources
  1. ^ a b c d e "Roxburghe, Earl of (S, 1616)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Bellenden of Broughton, Lord (S, 1661 - 1805)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Balcarres, Earl of (S, 1650/1)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Roxburghe, Earls and Dukes of" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 789.
  5. ^ "Drummond, Lord (S, 1487/8)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Perth, Earl of (S, 1604/5)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  7. ^ Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage. Vol. 47. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1885. p. 1147. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  8. ^ "Lady Dorothy Savile, Countess of Burlington and Countess of Cork (1699–1758)". National Trust Collections. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  9. ^ "KERR, Hon. William (bef.1682-1741)". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  10. ^ "Roxburghe, Duke of (S, 1707)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 21 August 2019.
  11. ^ Acceded to the title of Lord Bellenton of Broughton as the 2nd Earl, inheriting the title from his kinsman, the 1st Earl, by special remainder under Royal Charter of 1673
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Ker
Earl of Roxburghe
1675–1682
Succeeded by
Robert Ker