Richard Taruskin

Richard Filler Taruskin (April 2, 1945 – July 1, 2022) was an American musicologist and music critic who was among the leading and most prominent music historians of his generation.[1] The breadth of his scrutiny into source material as well as musical analysis that combines sociological, cultural, and political perspectives, has incited much discussion, debate and controversy.[2][3] He regularly wrote music criticism for newspapers including The New York Times. He researched a wide variety of topics, but a central topic was the Russian music of the 18th century to present day.[4] Other subjects he engaged with include the theory of performance, 15th-century music, 20th-century classical music, nationalism in music, the theory of modernism, and analysis.[4] He is best known for his monumental survey of Western classical music, the six-volume Oxford History of Western Music.[2][5]: 124–125  He received several awards, including the first Noah Greenberg Award from the American Musicological Society in 1978, and the Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy in 2017.

Richard Taruskin
Taruskin-2014.jpg
Taruskin in 2014
Born
Richard Filler Taruskin

(1945-04-02)April 2, 1945
New York City, U.S.
DiedJuly 1, 2022(2022-07-01) (aged 77)
Spouse(s)
Cathy Roebuck
(m. 1984)
Children2
Awards
Academic background
EducationColumbia University (B.A., M.A., PhD)
Academic work
DisciplineRussian music
Institutions
Notable worksOxford History of Western Music

Early life and educationEdit

Richard Filler Taruskin[6] was born on April 2, 1945, in New York,[4] Taruskin was raised in a family described as liberal, intellectual, Jewish and musical; his mother was a piano teacher and father an amateur violinist.[2][7] He attended the High School of Music & Art, now part of Fiorello H. LaGuardia High School, where he studied cello.[2] Taruskin went on to receive his B.A. magna cum laude (1965), M.A. (1968), and Ph.D. in historical musicology (1976) from Columbia University.[7] As a choral conductor he directed the Columbia University Collegium Musicum. He played the viola da gamba with the Aulos Ensemble from the late 1970s to the late 1980s.[2][4]

During his PhD studies, he worked with Paul Henry Lang, who had pioneered placing music within its socio-cultural context, as in Music in Western Civilization.[6] Through a family member who had stayed in Russia after the Revolution, Taruskin had access to recordings of Russian operas besides the most familiar ones, which sparked his interest in Russian music. He went to Moscow for a year on a Fulbright Scholarship, where he was interested not only in the language and music, but also in the way music connects to social and political history. In the 1980s, he explored the archives of Igor Stravinsky, when they were held by the New York Public Library.[1]

CareerEdit

Taruskin was on the faculty of Columbia University from 1975 until 1986.[6] He then moved to California as a professor of musicology at the University of California, Berkeley,[1] where he held the Class of 1955 Chair.[2] He retired from Berkeley at the end of 2014.[8]

Taruskin published his first book in 1981, Opera and Drama in Russia as Preached and Practiced in the 1860s.[6] He also wrote extensively for lay readers, including numerous articles in The New York Times beginning in the mid 1980s.[6][9] They were often "lively, erudite, fiercely articulate"[6] and controversial, with targets for example Elliott Carter, Carl Orff, and Sergei Prokofiev.[6] Many of the articles were collected in books, Text and Act,[10] a volume which exhibits him as having been an influential critic of the premises of the "historically informed performance" movement in classical music,[1][2][9] The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays,[11] and On Russian Music.[12] His writings frequently took up social, cultural, and political issues in connection with music—for example, the question of censorship. A specific instance was the debate over John Adams’s opera The Death of Klinghoffer.[13][n 1]

Taruskin's extensive 1996 study Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through Mavra showed that Igor Stravinsky drew more heavily on Russian folk material than had previously been recognized, and analyzed the historical trends that caused Stravinsky not to be forthcoming about some of these borrowings.[1][14]

His survey of Western classical music appeared as the six-volume Oxford History of Western Music.[2][5]: 124–125  The first volume, devoted to Music from the Earliest Notations to the Sixteenth Century, is weaving "facts and impressions from histories, visual art and architecture" as a transporting introduction to early music.[6]

Personal life and deathEdit

Taruskin married Cathy Roebuck in 1984, and they had two children.[1][6] He died from esophageal cancer at a hospital in Oakland, California, on July 1, 2022, aged 77.[6][7][15]

Awards and honorsEdit

Taruskin received numerous awards and honors for his scholarship. In 1978, he was the first recipient of the Noah Greenberg Award from the American Musicological Society (AMS) for his research and recording of Ockeghem's Missa prolationum.[16] He received the Alfred Einstein Award (1980) from the AMS; and the Dent Medal (1987) from the Royal Musical Association.[17] He received the Otto Kinkeldey Award from the AMS twice, in 1997 and 2006.[4] In 1998, he was elected to the American Philosophical Society.[18] The American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers awarded him the Deems Taylor Award in 1988,[19] and later in 2006.[20] In 2017 he was the recipient of the Kyoto Prize in Arts and Philosophy (Music).[8][9][21]

In 2012, a conference honoring him and his work, After the End of Music History, was held at Princeton University.[6]

PublicationsEdit

Sources:[22][23]

BooksEdit

  • Taruskin, Richard (1981). Opera and Drama in Russia: As Preached and Practiced in the 1860s. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press. ISBN 978-0-8357-1245-3. Republished in 1993, Rochester: University of Rochester Press
  • ——; Weiss, P., eds. (1984). Music in the Western World: A History in Documents. New York: G. Schirmer. ISBN 978-0-02-872900-8.
  • —— (1993). Musorgsky: Eight Essays and an Epilogue. Princeton: Princeton University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctv18zhdkh. ISBN 978-0-691-01623-8. JSTOR j.ctv18zhdkh. S2CID 241012607.
  • —— (1995). Text and Act: Essays on Music and Performance. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-535743-1.
  • —— (1996). Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works through Mavra. Vol. 2 volumes. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-07099-8.
  • —— (1997). Defining Russia Musically: Historical and Hermeneutical essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctv15r5dmx. ISBN 978-0-691-01156-1. JSTOR j.ctv15r5dmx. S2CID 193710371.
  • —— (2005). The Oxford History of Western Music. Vol. 6 volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • —— (2008). The Danger of Music And Other Anti-Utopian Essays. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26805-0.
  • —— (2008). On Russian Music. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26806-7. JSTOR 10.1525/j.ctt1ppqnq.
  • Karlinsky, Simon (2013). ——; Karlinsky, Simon; Hughes, Robert P.; Koster, Thomas A. (eds.). Freedom from Violence and Lies: Essays on Russian Poetry and Music (PDF). Boston: Academic Studies Press. doi:10.2307/j.ctt1zxsk34. ISBN 978-1-61811-158-6. JSTOR j.ctt1zxsk34.
  • ——; Allanbrook, Wye Jamison; Smart, Mary Ann, eds. (2014). The Secular Commedia: Comic Mimesis in Late Eighteenth-Century Music. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-27407-5.
  • —— (2016). Russian Music at Home and Abroad: New Essays. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-28809-6. JSTOR 10.1525/j.ctt1dnncjs.
  • —— (2020). Cursed Question: On Music and Its Social Practices. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-34429-7.

ChaptersEdit

  • Taruskin, Richard (1982). "The Musicologist and the Performer". In Holoman, D. Kern; Palisca, Claude V. (eds.). Musicology in the 1980s: Methods, Goals, Opportunities. New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 107–117. ISBN 978-0-306-76188-1.
  • —— (1982). "'Little Star': an Etude in the Folk Style". In Brown, Malcolm Hamrick (ed.). Musorgsky, in Memoriam, 1881–1981. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press. pp. 57–84. ISBN 978-0-8357-1295-8.
  • —— (1983). "Handel, Shakespeare, and Musorgksy: The Sources and Limits of Russian Musical Realism". Music and Language. Studies in the history of music. Vol. 1. New York: Broude Bros. pp. 247–268. ISBN 978-0-8450-7401-5.
  • —— (1984). ""The Present in the Past": Russian Opera and Russian Historiography, ca. 1870". In Brown, Malcolm Hamrick (ed.). Russian and Soviet Music: Essays for Boris Schwarz. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press. pp. 77–146. ISBN 978-0-8357-1295-8.
  • —— (1984). "The Rite Revisited: the Idea and the Sources of its Scenario". In Hatch, Christopher; Strainchamps, Edmond; Maniates, Maria Rika (eds.). Music and Civilization: Essays in Honor of Paul Henry Lang. New York: W. W. Norton. pp. 183–202. ISBN 978-0-393-01677-2.
  • —— (1985). "Serov and Musorgsky". In Brown, Malcolm Hamrick; Wiley, Roland John (eds.). Slavonic and Western Music: Essays for Gerald Abraham. Ann Arbor: UMI Research Press. pp. 139–161. ISBN 978-0-8357-1594-2.
  • —— (1986) [1982]. "From Subject to Style: Stravinsky and the Painters". In Pasler, Jann (ed.). Confronting Stravinsky: Man, Musician, and Modernist. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 16–38. ISBN 978-0-520-05403-5.
  • —— (1987). "Stravinsky's "Rejoicing Discovery" and what it Meant: in Defense of his Notorious Text Setting". In Haimo, Ethan; Johnson, Paul (eds.). Stravinsky Retrospectives. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. pp. 162–200. ISBN 978-0-8032-7301-6.
  • —— (1988). "The Pastness of the Present and the Presence of the Past". In Kenyon, Nicholas (ed.). Authenticity and Early Music: A Symposium. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 137–210. ISBN 978-0-19-816152-3.
  • —— (1995). "The Traditional Revisited: Stravinsky's Requiem Canticles as Russian Music". In Hatch, Christopher; Bernstein, David W. (eds.). Music Theory and the Exploration of the Past. Chicago: Chicago University Press. pp. 525–550. ISBN 978-0-226-31902-5.
  • —— (1995). "From Fairy Tale to Opera in Four Moves (Not so Simple)". In Bauman, Thomas; McClymonds, Marita Petzoldt (eds.). Opera and the Enlightenment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 299–307. ISBN 978-0-521-46172-6.
  • —— (1995). "Public Lies and Unspeakable Truth: Interpreting Shostakovich's Fifth Symphony". In Fanning, David (ed.). Shostakovich Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 17–56. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511551406.002. ISBN 978-0-511-55140-6.

ArticlesEdit

Explanatory notesEdit

  1. ^ See, for example, “The Klinghoffer Controversy” in Thomas May, ed., The John Adams Reader (Amadeus Press, 2006), pp. 297–339; Taruskin’s original 2001 The New York Times article is reprinted there and, with a lengthy postscript, in The Danger of Music.

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Kosman, Joshua (May 31, 2014). "UC music historian Richard Taruskin relishes provocateur role". SF Gate. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h McBride, Jerry (2008). "Richard Taruskin". Stanford University Libraries and Academic Information Resources. Archived from the original on January 30, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  3. ^ Anon. 2017, "Achievement Digest".
  4. ^ a b c d e Morgan 2001.
  5. ^ a b Ritzarev, Marina (2017). "UC music historian Richard Taruskin relishes provocateur role" (PDF). Israel Studies in Musicology Online. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Page, Tim (July 2, 2022). "Richard Taruskin, provocative scholar of classical music, dies at 77". Washington Post. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c Robin, William (July 1, 2022). "Richard Taruskin, Vigorously Polemical Musicologist, Dies at 77". The New York Times. Archived from the original on July 2, 2022. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Music Professor Wins Prestigious Kyoto Prize". artsdesign.berkeley.edu. June 20, 2017. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  9. ^ a b c Anon. 2017.
  10. ^ Text and Act. Oxford University Press. November 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-509458-9. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  11. ^ The Danger of Music and Other Anti-Utopian Essays. University of California Press. 1996. ISBN 978-0-520-26805-0. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  12. ^ Taruskin, Richard (2008). On Russian Music. muse.jhu.edu. ISBN 978-0-520-94280-6. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  13. ^ Maddocks, Fiona (February 17, 2017). "John Adams: 'Trump is a sociopath – there's no empathy, he's a manipulator'". The Guardian. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  14. ^ Fink, Robert (September 1997). "Review Essay: Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions: A Biography of the Works Through Mavra". Modernism/Modernity. Johns Hopkins University Press. 4 (3): 147–154. doi:10.1353/mod.1997.0053. S2CID 146710688. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  15. ^ Brachmann, Jan (July 2, 2022). "Ukraine und Stalins Völkermord: Schostakowitschs Chefankläger" (in German). FAZ.NET. Retrieved July 2, 2022.
  16. ^ "The Noah Greenberg Award Winners". American Musicological Society. Retrieved May 28, 2022.
  17. ^ "Richard Taruskin". University of California, Berkeley. March 5, 2014. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  18. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved December 2, 2021.
  19. ^ "30th Annual ASCAP Deems Taylor Award Recipients". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  20. ^ "38th Annual ASCAP Deems Taylor Award Recipients". American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  21. ^ "Musicologist Richard Taruskin Wins Japanese 'Nobel'". The Forward. June 21, 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  22. ^ Anon. 2017, Profile: Selected Publications.
  23. ^ Morgan 2001, "Writings".

General and cited sourcesEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit