Richard Onslow, 5th Earl of Onslow
Richard William Alan Onslow, 5th Earl of Onslow GBE PC DL (23 August 1876 – 9 June 1945), styled Viscount Cranley until 1911, was a British peer, diplomat, parliamentary secretary and government minister.
The Earl of Onslow
|Chairman of Committees|
|Lord High Chancellor|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Donoughmore|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Stanmore|
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||The Duke of Sutherland|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Arnold|
|Under-Secretary of State for War|
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Secretary||The Earl of Derby|
|Preceded by||Clement Attlee|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Sutherland|
|Born||23 August 1876|
|Died||9 June 1945 (aged 68)|
Guildford, Surrey, England
Hon. Violet Marcia Catherine Warwick Bampfylde (m. 1906)
|Alma mater||New College, Oxford|
Background and educationEdit
Viscount Cranley was the eldest son of William Onslow, 4th Earl of Onslow and the Honourable Florence Coulston Gardner. He was educated at Eton and New College, Oxford before joining the Diplomatic Service in 1901.
He became an Attaché to Madrid a year later, Third Secretary to Tangier in 1903 and to St Petersburg in 1904 and Second Secretary to Berlin in 1907. In 1909, he became assistant private secretary to Sir Edward Grey, the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs. He then held a number of positions in the Foreign Office as a clerk in 1910, private secretary to the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1911–13 and assistant clerk from 1913-14.
Onslow joined the army on the outbreak of World War I in 1914, being commissioned as Second Lieutenant on 15 June 1915. He was mentioned in despatches three times, received an OBE and the French Legion of Honour. In later years he was Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of the 3rd Battalion Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) and Honorary Colonel of the 30th (Surrey) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery.
Onslow had succeeded to his father's title and seat in the House of Lords in 1911. After the war, he was a Lord-in-waiting from 1919 to 1920, a Civil Lord of the Admiralty from 1920 to 1921, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries in 1921, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health from 1921 to 1923, Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education from 1923 to 1924, Under-Secretary of State for War and Vice-President of the Army Council from 1924 to 1928, and Chairman of the Committees and Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords from 1931-44.
Onslow devoted much of his retirement to writing, producing The Empress Maud (1939); Sixty-three Years: Diplomacy, the Great War and Politics, with Notes on Travel, Sport and Other Things (1939), which went through several editions; and The Dukes of Normandy and Their Origin, which was completed in the year of his death and published posthumously.
- Lady Mary Florence Violet Margaret Onslow
- William Arthur Bampfylde Onslow, 6th Earl of Onslow (born 11 June 1913, died 3 June 1971)
Lord Onslow died on 9 June 1945, aged 68, and was succeeded in the peerage by his only son.
- "No. 29214". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 2 July 1915. p. 6439.
- Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, 100th Edn, London, 1953.
- Army LIst 1927–39.
- "Royal Statistical Society Presidents". Royal Statistical Society. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
- ZSL (1995). The Zoological Society of London. The Charter and Byelaws.
- The Peerage, entry for 5th Earl of Onslow
- "The Diamond and Ruby Butterfly Brooch". From Her Majesty's Jewel Vault blog.