Eustace Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Newcastle
Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Newcastle, PC (21 March 1887 – 3 April 1958), styled Lord Eustace Percy between 1899 and 1953, was a British diplomat, Conservative politician and public servant. He most notably served as President of the Board of Education under Stanley Baldwin between 1924 and 1929.
The Lord Percy of Newcastle
|President of the Board of Education|
6 November 1924 – 4 June 1929
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Preceded by||Charles Trevelyan|
|Succeeded by||Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt|
|Minister without Portfolio|
7 June 1935 – 31 March 1936
|Monarch||George V |
|Prime Minister||Stanley Baldwin|
|Born||21 March 1887|
|Died||3 April 1958 (aged 71)|
|Parents||Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland|
Lady Edith Campbell
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Background and educationEdit
Percy was born into a noble family: he was the seventh son of Henry Percy, 7th Duke of Northumberland, and Lady Edith, daughter of George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll. Henry Percy, Earl Percy, and Alan Percy, 8th Duke of Northumberland, were his elder brothers. His uncle, the ninth Duke of Argyll, was married to HRH Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria. A niece later married the sixth Duke of Sutherland. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford.
Percy served in the Diplomatic Service between 1911 and 1919. From 1919-22 he represented Holborn on the London County Council as a Municipal Reform Party councillor. In 1921 he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Hastings, a seat he held until 1937. In March 1923 he was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education by Bonar Law. When Stanley Baldwin became Prime Minister in May of the same year, Percy was moved to the post of Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health, which he remained until the fall of the government in January 1924. When the Conservatives returned to power in November 1924, he was appointed President of the Board of Education by Baldwin, with a seat in the cabinet, and sworn of the Privy Council. He continued as head of the Board of Education until the government fell in June 1929.
Percy did not serve in the National Government of Ramsay MacDonald between 1931 and 1935, but when Baldwin returned as Prime Minister in June 1935 he again became a member of the cabinet as Minister without Portfolio, a post he held until 1936. Given charge of policy direction for the government in the latter role, he was often dubbed the "Minister for Thought" by the Press. In the 1930s he called for regional government for the North East of England, specifically wishing to be the minister for the region.
In his 1944 Riddell Lecture Percy made a call for the law to be changed radically to recognise companies as associations of productive employees, rather than as associations of shareholders. These were his words: "Here is the most important challenge to political invention ever offered to the jurist or the statesman. The human association which in fact produces and distributes wealth, the association of workmen, managers, technicians and directors is not an association recognised by law. The association which the law does recognise - the association of shareholders, creditors and directors - is incapable of producing and distributing and is not expected to perform these functions. We have to give law to the real association and withdraw meaningless privilege from the imaginary one."
In 1945, Percy chaired the committee on Higher Technological Education that resulted in the Percy report. He also chaired a Royal Commission that reviewed mental health legislation in the 1950s and was Rector of King's College, Durham (now Newcastle University) between 1937 and 1951, in which role he also alternated in the post of Vice-Chancellor of Durham University. In 1953 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Percy of Newcastle, of Etchingham in the County of Sussex.
Percy married Stella Katherine, daughter of Major-General Laurence George Drummond, in 1918. They had two daughters. He died in April 1958, aged 71. As he had no sons the barony became extinct on his death.
- Lundy, Darryl. "p. 1051 § 10505 Eustace Sutherland Campbell Percy, 1st and last Baron Percy of Newcastle". The Peerage.[unreliable source]
- W Eric Jackson (1965). Achievement: A Short History of the London County Council. Longman's. p. 276.
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Haslemere to Herefordshire
- "No. 32989". The London Gazette. 7 November 1924. p. 8042.
- "No. 32989". The London Gazette. 7 November 1924. p. 8041.
- Quoted in "Jobs and Fairness" by Robert Oakeshott, published by Michael Russell, 2000.
- "Trained Men For Industry Plan To Provide More Technologists". The Times. 7 November 1945. p. 2, col B.
- "Durham University Records: Central Administration and Officers". Durham University Archives. Vice-Chancellor and Warden. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "No. 39798". The London Gazette. 13 March 1953. p. 1443.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Lord Eustace Percy
- Lundy, Darryl. "Photograph of Lord Percy of Newcastle at thepeerage.com". The Peerage.
- Newspaper clippings about Eustace Percy, 1st Baron Percy of Newcastle in the 20th Century Press Archives of the German National Library of Economics (ZBW)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Hastings
1921 – 1937
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Education
The Earl of Onslow
The Earl of Onslow
| Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health
| President of the Board of Education
Sir Charles Trevelyan, Bt
| Minister without Portfolio
Sir Robert Alfred Bolam
of the University of Durham
With: Sir James Fitzjames Duff
Sir James Fitzjames Duff
Charles Ion Carr Bosanquet
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Percy of Newcastle