Sir Albert Raymond Maillard Carr FBA FRHS FRSL (11 April 1919 – 19 April 2015) was an English historian specialising in the history of Spain, Latin America, and Sweden. From 1968 to 1987, he was Warden of St Antony's College, Oxford.
Sir Raymond Carr
|Died||19 April 2015(aged 96)|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
|Spouse(s)||Sara Ann Mary Strickland|
|Children||Adam Henry Maillard Carr |
Matthew Xavier Maillard Carr
Alexander Rallion Charles Carr
Laura Selina Madeline Carr
|Parent(s)||Reginald Henry Maillard Carr |
and Marion Carr
Carr was born on 11 April 1919 in Bath, Somerset, to Reginald Henry Maillard Carr and his wife (Ethel Gertrude) Marion (née Graham). He was educated at Brockenhurst School, then a state secondary school in the New Forest, Hampshire. He then studied at Christ Church, Oxford, where he was elected Gladstone Research Exhibitioner in 1941.
Carr was briefly a lecturer at University College, London, in 1945–1946, before returning to Oxford as a Fellow of All Souls College, 1946–1953. He was next a Fellow of New College, 1953–1964, then Director of Oxford's Latin American Centre, 1964–1968 and the University's Professor of the History of Latin America, 1967–68.
He became a Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford, in 1964, Sub-Warden of the college in 1966 and Warden in 1968, a position he held until his retirement in 1987. After his retirement from Oxford, he was King Juan Carlos Professor of Spanish History at New York University in 1992.
As a historian and Hispanist, Carr's main interest lay in the vicissitudes of 19th and 20th century Spain, and he was also a specialist in Latin American and Swedish history. In the words of Sir John Elliott, " his book on Spain between 1808 and 1939 is basic to a better understanding of the era, and the later generation of historians, both within Spain and abroad, have followed up the leads that Carr gives in his book to great benefit."
At St Antony's, he established an Iberian Centre, of which he was co-director with Joaquin Romero Maura. Paul Preston wrote in 1984 of their collaboration "Between them, Carr and Romero Maura instilled an intellectual rigour into modern Spanish historiography which had previously been conspicuously lacking." Carr also wrote an extensive foreword to the 1993 edition of The Spanish Labyrinth by Gerald Brenan.
His recreation was fox hunting, about which he has written two books, English Fox Hunting: A History (1976), a comprehensive history of fox-hunting from medieval times, and, with his wife Sara Carr, Fox-Hunting (1982).
Personal life and deathEdit
In 1950, Carr married Sara Ann Mary Strickland, daughter of Algernon Walter Strickland and of Lady Mary Pamela Madeline Sibell Charteris. Sara Strickland's maternal grandfather was Hugo Charteris, 11th Earl of Wemyss, and one of her great-grandfathers was Percy Wyndham (1835–1911), a Conservative politician who was one of The Souls. The Carrs have three sons and one daughter, Adam Henry Maillard Carr (born 1951), Matthew Xavier Maillard Carr (1953-2011), Laura Selina Madeline Carr (born 1954), and Alexander Rallion Charles Carr (born 1958). Their son Adam married Angela P. Barry in 1988, and their daughter Rose Angelica Mary Carr was born in 1991. Matthew, a portrait artist, married Lady Anne Mary Somerset in 1988, and their daughter Eleanor Carr was born in 1992. Laura Carr married Richard E. Barrowclough in 1978 and has four children, Milo Edmond, Conrad Oliver, Theodore Charles, and Sibell Augusta.
- Member of the British Academy, 1972
- Fellow of the British Academy, 1978
- Distinguished Professor, Boston University, 1980
- Honorary Student of Christ Church, Oxford, 1986
- Knight Bachelor, 1987 New Year Honours
- Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
- Honorary Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford, 1988
- Honorary D Litt, Complutense University of Madrid, 1999
- Award of Merit, Society for Spanish Historical Studies of the US, 1987
- Leimer Award for Spanish Studies, University of Augsburg, 1990
- Prince of Asturias Award in Social Sciences, Prince of Asturias Foundation, 1999
- Grand Cross of the Order of Alfonso X el Sabio (Spain), 1983
- Order of Infante Dom Henrique (Portugal), 1989
- Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2004
- Two Swedish Financiers: Louis De Geer and Joel Gripenstierna, in H. E. Bell and R. L. Ollard, eds., Historical Essays Presented to David Ogg, London: Black, 1963
- Spain 1808–1939, Oxford University Press, 1966
- Latin American Affairs (ed.), Oxford University Press, 1970 (St Antony's Papers, no. 22)
- The Republic and the Civil War in Spain (ed.), 1971
- English Fox Hunting: A History, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1976, 2nd edition 1986, ISBN 978-0-297-77074-9
- The Spanish Tragedy: the Civil War in Perspective, 1977
- Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy (with Juan Pablo Fusi), 1979
- Modern Spain: 1875-1980, 1980
- Spain 1808-1975, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982
- Fox-Hunting (with Sara Carr), Oxford University Press, 1982, ISBN 978-0-19-214140-8
- Puerto Rico: a colonial experiment, 1984
- The Spanish Civil War: A History in Pictures (ed.), New York, W. W. Norton & Co., 1986
- The Chances of Death: a diary of the Spanish Civil War (ed.), 1995
- Visiones de fin de siglo, 1999
- Spain: A History (ed.), 2000
- El rostro cambiante de Clío (collection of pieces translated into Spanish by Eva Rodríguez Halffter), Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 2005 ISBN 84-9742-403-4
- CARR, Sir (Albert) Raymond (Maillard) at Who's Who online (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Burke's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage 2003, vol. 1, pg 703
- Carr, Sir Albert Raymond Maillard in International Who's Who of Authors and Writers online (19th edition, Europa Publications, London and New York, 2004) p. 93
- Sir Albert Raymond Maillard Carr at thepeerage.com (accessed 11 January 2008)
- St Antony's College record 2006, p. 21 Archived 12 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine online at sant.ox.ac.uk (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Raymond Carr Archived 29 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine at fundacionprincipedeasturias.org (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Mediterranean Studies 3 (1992): About the Contributors at mediterraneanstudies.org (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Spain: A History by Raymond Carr at powells.com (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Memories and Tributes in History Workshop Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 151-184
- Preston, Paul, Introduction to Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939, Methuen, 1984, p. 6
- Cambridge University Press frontmatter
- Delanty, Gerard Handbook of Contemporary European Social Theory. Routledge, 2006 ISBN 0-415-35518-4 ISBN 978-0-415-35518-6 at Google Books
- The Changing Face of Clio[permanent dead link] at spectator.co.uk (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Descendants of William the Conqueror at genealogy.rootsweb.com (accessed 12 January 2008)
- "Hispanist Raymond Carr dies at 96." Archived 18 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine Fox News. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Muere el historiador británico Raymond Carr." El País. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- Sir Raymond Carr. St Antony's College. Retrieved 21 April "015.
- "No. 50764". The London Gazette (Supplement). 30 December 1986. p. 1.
- "No. 50873". The London Gazette (Supplement). 27 March 1987. p. 4181.
- St Antony's College Newsletter 2004 Archived 9 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine online at sant.ox.ac.uk (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Raymond Carr at nybooks.com (accessed 11 January 2008)
- Raymond Carr at spectator.co.uk (accessed 11 January 2008)