Rashtriya Indian Military College
The Rashtriya Indian Military College (RIMC) is a public school for boys situated in Doon Valley, Dehradun in India. The RIMC is a feeder institution for the National Defence Academy, Indian Naval Academy and subsequently the Indian Armed Forces. Rimcollians, the name by which alumni of the RIMC are usually denoted, have gone on to hold the highest ranks in the Army, Navy and the Air Force of India and Pakistan.
Run by the Government of India
(Strength and Conscience)
|Founder||Prince of Wales Edward VIII|
|Age||12 to 18|
|Campus size||138-acre (0.56 km2)|
|Colour(s)||Light blue and dark blue|
|Sections||Chandragupta, Pratap, Ranjit and Shivaji|
The origins of RIMC, formerly the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College, lie in the long-pending demand of Indian nationalists to Indianise the officer cadre of British Indian Army. The first concrete step towards Indianisation of the officer cadre came from Viceroy Lord Curzon, in his "Memorandum on Commissions for Indians" on 4 June 1900. Against much opposition he had established the Imperial Cadet Corps first at Meerut and then at Dehradun in 1901. This Imperial Cadet Corps (ICC), popularly known in the Doon Valley as the Rajwada Camp, was the forerunner to the present day RIMC.
During the recruiting drives, especially in Punjab, which was the main recruiting area and provided one third of the strength of the Army, people were cajoled and even threatened to join the Army. Sir Micheal O'Dyer, the Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab during the World War I had toured from district to district exhorting the martial races to come forward. The promise of commission was the most effective way to get more Indians to join the Army. On 4 May 1918 he reiterated, " As regards the further grant of King's Commissions the Government of India have already made their proposals before the Home Government and we may be sure they will receive early and sympathetic consideration."
The demand to Indianise the officer cadre grew more strong in the post World War I years, and finally resulted in the formation of the Military Requirements Committee by Lord Rawlinson, the Commander-in-Chief in 1921. Based on the recommendations of this committee and the proposal by Lt Gen Sir John Shea, it was decided to open a pre-Sandhurst institution in the old campus of the Imperial Cadet College with a capacity of 27 cadets. It was meant as a public school for training the Indian boys for an entry into the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. The British believed that to be officers in the British Indian Army, the Indian boys had to be first given British public school education before sending them for pre-commission training.
Finally, the PWRIMC was inaugurated in March 1922. The Prince Edward, The Prince of Wales, inaugurated the school on 13 March 1922, naming it the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College. The name was changed in 1947 to RIMC when India became independent. The prefix of Prince of Wales was dropped, and Royal became Rastriya, and thus the PWRIMC became RIMC, retaining the essence of the original name and the spirit of the name.
It was located on the premises of the Imperial Cadet Corps (also called Rajwada Camp), set amidst 55 hectares (140 acres) of lush-green countryside adjacent to the Garhi Village in Dehradun Cantonment. The purpose of the school was to provide boys with education and training for the Indians being sent to the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, as part of the Empire's policy to make the officer cadre of the Indian Army more indigenous. RIMC was intended as a feeder institution to Royal Military Academy Sandhurst along the lines of an English public school.
The government order appointed a military commandant of the rank of Lt Colonel, a civilian headmaster, senior or junior British Masters and Indian Masters. The first commandant was Lt Col H.L. Houghton of the Sikh Regiment who took charge of the college on 22 February 1922. JGC Scott was appointed headmaster and the first group of British masters were JM Allen, CA Phillips and Kitter-master. The first mess contractors were MS Hazir and Co and the mess staff consisted mostly of Goans. Later the mess was taken over by the Army Service Corps. Hira Lal Atal was the first Cadet Captain and later as Adjutant General of the Indian Union, Major General Hira Lal Atal designed India’s highest award for bravery in combat, the Param Vir Chakra. Among the early cadets were K.S. Thimayya, Asghar Khan and others, who had illustrious military careers.
An excellent account of the life in early days of RIMC can be found in book Thimayya of India by Humphrey Evans, while accounts of the Imperial Cadet Corps can be found in numerous books written by ex Royals, particularly from Rajputana.
After India gained independence in 1947, the school continued to train young men to become a part of the Indian Armed Forces. The major difference is that instead of serving as a public school whose boys joined the RMA, RIMC now offers an excellent public school life, oriented towards joining the NDA.
To celebrate the 75th anniversary of Rashtriya Indian Military College, Dehra Dun (1922-1997) 2.00 "Cradle of Excellence" stamps were produced; The First Day Covers were issued on 13 March 1997. The school is now all set to celebrate its centenary in 2022.
The school is spread over 54 hectares (130 acres) and has an enrollment of 250 cadets. A Hawker Hunter jet aircraft gifted to the college by the Air Chief Marshal N.C. Suri is placed in front of the administrative block.Also recently a sea harrier was given to RIMC by the navy inaugurated by the CINCAN Bimal Verma.It is located infront of the Thimayya auditorium.
RIMC has a 1:12 teacher student ratio. Candidates for the school are selected from all over India through a national level competitive exam, the RIMC Entrance Exam that is held twice a year in each state. Successful candidates in the entrance exam have to go through a medical fitness test to be admitted to the school. Every year about 50 students are selected in two intakes from all over India and admitted into Standard VIII at the RIMC.
The RIMC in 1922 was run on the lines of an English public school - Wellock College, a feeder to Sandhurst. The 37 cadets forming the first batch were divided into three Houses, called Sections at the RIMC, known as Rawlinson, Roberts and Kitchener after the three Commander-in-Chiefs of India. Hira Lal Atal was appointed the first College Cadet Captain with Ali Asghar Khan, Tara Singh and Sheikh Hussain the first Section Commanders, or House Captains, of the three Sections. In 1948, the names of the three sections were changed to Pratap, Ranjit and Shivaji from Rawlinson, Roberts and Kitchener. The new names represented the three great Indian warriors Maharana Pratap, Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Chhatrapati Shivaji. Strength of the college increased significantly in 1960 and it was decided to keep the new entrants in a Holding Section to give them a chance to settle down.
In 1965, the strength of the college rose to 200 and it became necessary to turn the Holding Section into a new House, which was called the Chandragupta Section after the Indian Emperor Chandragupta Maurya.
Cadets at the RIMC follow the 10+2 pattern curriculum of Indian Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi over the next five years. A cadet, during his stay at the RIMC, gets a full glimpse of the life of an Indian Armed forces Officer.
Student sports are hockey, football, cricket, basketball, squash, boxing, swimming, athletics and gymnastics. Horse riding and rifle shooting are other popular activities. After the cadets complete the 12th grade, they graduate from the RIMC and most of them go on to join the Indian Armed Forces by entering the National Defence Academy, Pune. The cadets then spend three years at the NDA with other students from the rest of the country and eventually get commissioned as officers in the Indian Armed Forces.
The college is administered by the Union Ministry of Defense, through the Directorate General of Military Training, Army. RIMC (Limca Book of Records confirm) is perhaps the only institution in the country where exams for Class X and XII are conducted twice a year, in May and November. These exams/certifications are recognized by CBSE. The college offers the science stream only at the +2 level. However, to prepare cadets for the UPSC examination for entry into NDA, social sciences are also taught.
After the term end examination, each cadets position in class is decided; both curricular and extracurricular achievements of a term are recorded in his dossier. Weightage is given to the sessional work done by a cadet both in terms of class work and homework for his promotion to the next class. Cadets are prepared for the UPSC Examination for entry to the NDA. RIMC has sent 81% of cadets to NDA from each course (as compared to the national average which stands at 0.6%).RIMC has two terms both of which run on the same syllabus line and has remedial quid pro quo for qualifying measures.
25 Cadets are admitted every six months. Rashtriya Indian Military College conducts an admission process in Class VIII. Candidates are males studying in Class VII and the age of the candidate must be between 11.5 and 13 years at the time of commencement of term. The written examination consists of a test paper consisting of three parts: English (125 Marks), Mathematics (200 Marks), and General Knowledge (75 marks). Candidates have to score at least 50% in each subject to qualify. Candidates are then shortlisted through the written test and called for Viva-Voce which is of 50 marks, and have to attend a medical test.
Alumni of the RIMC are known as "Rimcollians". Rimcollians have held high positions in the Armed Forces, many becoming the Chiefs of Staff in the Indian and Pakistani Armed Forces. The cadets enrolled at RIMC are known as "Rimcos" to distinguish them from the alumni. A rare distinction of the RIMC is that some of its alumni have also headed the Armed Forces of Pakistan, a feat made possible by Rimcollians of the pre-partition Subcontinent era.
Some of the high-ranking officers produced by the RIMC are General K S.Thimayya, Padma Bhushan, General GG Bewoor, General Vishwa Nath Sharma, Maj General M. Anwar Khan (Pakistan Army Engineers), Lt. General Sahabzada Yaqub Khan (Indian army), Air Marshal Asghar Khan (Pakistan Air Force), Lt. Gen. Fazle Haq (former Governor North West Frontier Province, Pakistan), Air Chief Marshal N.C. Suri, Air Marshal D.C.Kumaria, Air Marshal Nur Khan (Pakistan Air Force), Maj Gen Dewan Misri Chand, Maj Gen K Zorawar Singh, Maj Gen M R Rajwade, Maj Gen Karam Singh, PVSM, SM (Indian Army, Dogra Regt, Ex - Dy Adjutant General), General S. Padmanabhan, Chief Of Army Staff, Lt Gen H M Khanna, (Indian Army - GOC-in-C Command), Lt Gen N S Brar, (Indian Army - Artillery, GOC Corps; Administrative Member Armed Forces Tribunal), Lt Gen SK Singh, (Indian Army - Infantry, VCOAS), Lt Gen Gautam Dutt, (Indian Army - Engineers, Engineer-in-Chief) . Gallantry awards have been awarded to Rimcollians including the Victoria Cross to Lt Gen PS Bhagat, Distinguished Service Order to Gen KS Thimayya and the Param Vir Chakra to Major Som Nath Sharma.
Royals are highly inspired by the college and most royals from Indian Princely States join the college. The Colonel Sawai Maharaj Sahib Shri Deshpal Singh Ju Deo of Ajaigarh cousin of H.H. Sawai Maharaja Punya Pratap Singh Sahib Bahadur of Ajaigarh is passed out from the same and was classmate of Padma Bhushan, General GG Bewoor, General Nayazi (Pakistan), General Bahadur.
Cadets namely Piyush Sunil Deshmukh(Equestrian), Jaikant Mishra(Mountaineering), Praveen Kumar(Mountaineering) have earned the "Chief of Army Staff Commendation Card" for achievements in their fields respectively during their tenure at the school itself. The school has an alumni network called the Rimcollian Old Boys Association (ROBA). The alumni also have mailing groups on the internet through which they interact.
Sports and games played at RIMC include boxing, football, horse riding, hockey, squash, swimming and shooting. RIMC has produced International level sports persons in the games of squash, shooting and horse riding. It has produced great squash players like Ritwik Bhatacharya, Brig. Raj Manchanda and Maj. Shakti Singh. Alumni Poshuk Aluwalia has represented India in shooting in 2010 SAF games at Dhaka where he won a medal. RIMC alumni Piyush Sunil Deshmukh also represented India in an International Horse Show at Sydney, Australia. He fetched four medals at a small age of just 16 years. Achudev S an alumnus of RIMC and a cadet at NDA had represented India in International Services Athletic Meet in Turkey. Not only this but RIMC is adjudged India's best school in Sports education by Times Magazine. RIMC has a 50-metre olympic-sized swimming pool, an indoor swimming pool, 5 basketball courts, 3 squash courts, and numerous football and hockey fields.
The school is divided into four houses. Each cadet is assigned a house at the start of his time in the school and will remain in that house for the whole of their school career. These houses were earlier called Rawlinson, Kitchner and Roberts and the new names were given in the post-independence years. Each house is looked after by one House Master (called Section Master) who is assisted by one or two Section Tutors. There is fierce competition between the houses which well continues for the rest of the life among the Old Boys or the Rimcollians.
The houses are:
- "www.euttaranchal.com". www.euttaranchal.com. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- Pages 22 and 23, Where Gallantry is Tradition: Saga of Rashtriya Indian Military College, By Bikram Singh, Sidharth Mishra, Contributor Rashtriya Indian Military College, Published 1997 by Allied Publishers, ISBN 81-7023-649-5
- "The Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College, Dehradun, was established in 1922....", Page 223, Defence Organisation in India, By A. L. Venkateswaran, Published 1967, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
- "RIMC, whether it was to prepare the boys for the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, the Indian Military Academy, Dehradun, the Joint Services Wing or the National Defence Academy, has always stood as the premier feeder institution", Page 3, Where Gallantry is Tradition: Saga of Rashtriya Indian Military College, By Bikram Singh, Sidharth Mishra, Contributor Rashtriya Indian Military College, Published 1997 by Allied Publishers, ISBN 81-7023-649-5
- Page 30, Where Gallantry is Tradition: Saga of Rashtriya Indian Military College, By Bikram Singh, Sidharth Mishra, Contributor Rashtriya Indian Military College, Published 1997 by Allied Publishers, ISBN 81-7023-649-5
- "Official website". Rimc.org. Retrieved 11 February 2011.
- "Rashtriya Indian Military College". Rimc.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Rashtriya Indian Military College". Rimc.org. Retrieved 11 February 2011.