Ramdev Pir

Baba Ramdev (or Ramdevji, or Ramdeo Pir,[1] Ramsha Pir[2]) (1352–1385 AD; V.S. 1409–1442) is a Hindu folk deity of Gujarat and Rajasthan, India. He was a fourteenth-century ruler, said to have miraculous powers, who devoted his life uplifting the downtrodden and poor people. He is worshiped by many social groups of India as Ishta-deva.[3][4]

Baba Ramdev
Ramapir1 (32).jpg
Ramdev Pir depicted riding a horse with Sufi Saint in background
Ruler of Runicha
ReignMarwar
PredecessorAjmal ji tanwar
BornBhadarwa Sudhi Beej V.S. 1405
Ramderiya, Kashmeer, Barmer Rajasthan
SpouseNetalde
FatherAjmal ji Tanwar
MotherMinal Devi
ReligionHindu

BackgroundEdit

King Ajmal (Ajaishinh) married Queen Minaldevi, daughter of Pamji Bhati of Chhahan Baru village. The childless king went to Dwaraka and pleaded with Krishna about his wish to have a child like him. They had two sons, the elder Viramdev and the younger Ramdev. Ramdev was born on Bhadra Shukla Dooj in V.S. 1409 in a Rajput family at Ramderiya, Undu and Kashmir in Barmer district.

Ramdev believed in the equality of all human beings, be they high or low, rich or poor. He helped the down-trodden by granting them their wishes. He is often depicted on horseback. His followers are spread across in Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, Mumbai, Delhi and also in Sindh in Pakistan. Several fairs in Rajasthan are held to commemorate him. Temples in his name are found in many states of India.[citation needed][5]

Story of King AjmalEdit

As per folklore, King Ajmal Tanwar, a descendant of Anangpal Tomar II of Delhi, was the king of Pokaran. His wife, Rani Mainaldevi, was the daughter of the king of Jaisalmer. After becoming the king of Pokhran, Ajmal had only two daughters, Lasa and Saguna. One day the king was on a tour of his kingdom. It was monsoon, yet the kingdom had not received any rainfall. On his tour, the king met a few farmers who were on their way to their farms to sow seeds. On seeing the king, they began to return to their homes. Surprised at this act, the king asked farmers the reason for their behavior. When assured that no harm would come to them if they told the truth, the farmers told the king that they believed that seeing a barren king's face while on their way to their fields might cause their crops to fail. Ajmal was very sad upon hearing this. Being a devotee of Krishna, the king decided to go to the lord's palace in Dwarika.[citation needed]

Ajmal arrived at Dwarka and prayed for many days. Ultimately, in sheer disappointment, he asked Krishna's image the reason for deserving such sorrow. The image did not respond to the king's repeated queries. Angered and enraged at this, the king threw a dried laddu at the head of the image. The priest of the temple, considering the king to be mad, asked the king to go to the mystic Dwaraka to speak to the Lord. Dwaraka, swallowed by the sea many centuries prior, lay on the bed of the Arabian Sea. The unfearing king dived into the sea to meet the Lord. Pleased at the king's dedication and faith, the Lord granted him a boon. The king asked for Krishna to be born as his son. Lord promised to come in the king's house. Soon thereafter, the royal couple gave birth to the boy, whom they named Bhiramdev. After a few years, Krishna took a small form and appeared next to Bhiramdev.[6] Muslims venerate Ramdev as Ramshah Pir or Rama Shah Peer. He was said to have had miraculous powers and his fame reached far and wide. Legend has it that five Pirs from Mecca came to test Ramdev's powers. Ramdev welcomed them, and requested them to have lunch with him. The Pirs declined, saying that they ate only with their personal utensils, which were in Mecca. At this, Ramdev smiled and said look your utensils are coming and they saw that their eating bowls were coming flying in air from Mecca. After being convinced of his abilities and powers, they paid their homage to him and named him Rama Shah Peer.[2][7][8][9] The five Pirs, who came to test his powers, were so impressed by him that they decided to stay with him. Their graves are located near Ramdev's samadhi.[7]

 
Devotees during the two-month carnival in 2012 at Ramdevra, Rajasthan

Samadhi and Main Temple in RamdevraEdit

 
Ramdevji Samadhi Darshan, Ramdevra, Rajasthan
 
Ramdevji Samadhi Darshan, Ramdevra, Rajasthan

Ramdev took Samadhi at Ramdevra (10 km from Pokhran) in Rajasthan, on Bhadrapada Shukla Ekadashi in V.S. 1442 at the age of 33 years.[5]

Dalibai, his ardent follower from the Meghwal community, is also buried near his grave and is said to have taken Samadhi two days before Ramdev.[citation needed]

The temple complex housing the resting place of Ramdev is located at Ramdevra (10 km from Pokhran) in Rajasthan. The present temple structure was built around Ramdev's final resting place by Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner in 1931.[10]

The complex also houses Samadhis of his disciples like Dalibai and some other of his chief disciples. The complex also houses the tombs of five Muslim Pirs, who had come from Mecca.[7] It also houses a step-well, the water of which devotees believe has healing powers.

Ramdev JayantiEdit

Ramdev Jayanti, the birth date of Ramdev, is celebrated every year in India by his devotees. It falls on Dooj (the second day) of Shukla paksha of Bhadrapad month of Hindu calendar. In Rajasthan, this day is observed as a public holiday and a fair is held at the Ramdevra temple, where hundreds of thousands of devotees, both Hindu and Muslim, take part and pay their homage to Samadhi at the main temple.[11]

Other Temples in IndiaEdit

One big temple is built in the Arathi village of Kheralu Taluka in the Mehsana district of Gujarat by saint Shri Velji Bapa along with a Sadhanashram to provide people a medium to improve their spirit.

RajasthanEdit

 
Ramdev Pir temple in Banswara, Rajasthan
 
Baba Ramdev Pir situated in the outskirts of Santhu village in Jalore district, Rajasthan

HaryanaEdit

  • Mandir Baba Ramdev Ji Kharian (Sirsa) established by Hanuman Parshad Arora in 1980, 26 km far from Sirsa
  • Mandir Baba Ramdev ji kurangavali is established as baba ramdevji came there #Anurag kalwa (anandgarh, sirsa, haryana)

DelhiEdit

  • Historical 700-year-old Ramdwara Hinglaj Devi Mandir with Ramtala pond (back Side), in Naraina
  • Ram Dev Mandir, Bakkarwala
  • Shri Baba Ramdev Mandir, Beadonpura, Karol Bagh
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Rohini
  • Ghode Wala Mandir In Raghubir Nagar Delhi

GujaratEdit

 
Ramdev Pir temple in Majadar, Gujarat

Apart from Rajasthan, Ramdev has a strong Hindu following in Kathiawar and Kutch in Gujarat.

Mystical festival called Mandap is also held in villages across Kathiawar to worship him. The highlight of the festival is an event in which a long (almost 60 feet or more in height) wooden log, called the Stambha, is decorated and laid on the ground with a loose base, with eight ropes tied to it from eight directions. Several rites and rituals are performed for about a month. At a certain time and date, the Stambha stands up. The eight ropes are loosely tied in eight nails that are driven in the ground. Lakhs of devotees flock this festival of Mandap to have a darshana of the event. The Stambha stands erect for exactly a day and returns to its original position 24 hours later. It is believed that Ramdev himself appears in the Stambha.[12]

You can see atleast one temple of Ramdev pirji in every village or town in kathiawar. Here are some famous Ramdevpir temple in Gujarat.

  • Ramdevji Maharaj Temple, Savabhagat Ni Jagya, Pipalidham
  • Ramdevji Maharaj Temple, Chowpati Ground, Porbandar
  • Ramdevji Maharaj Temple, Pala No chowk, Kharvavad, Porbandar
  • Ramdevji Maharaj Temple, Dwara Faliyu, Kharvavad, Porbandar
  • Ramapir Temple, Satada, Rajkot, Gujarat
  • Baba Ramdevji Temple, Toraniya, Rajkot
  • Ramdevpir Mandir, Lakheni, Botad
  • Shree Parab Dham, Junagadh, Gujarat
  • Ram Madhi, Surat, Gujarat
  • Ramapir Temple, Khanay (Kutch Dist, Nakhatrana Taluka), Gujarat
  • Baba Ramdevji Temple, Mithakali, Ahmedabad
  • Baba Ramdevpir temple, Motap, Mehsana, Gujarat
  • Ramdevpir Alakdhani Temple, Vadodara
  • Baba Ramdevji Temple, Navtad, Ahmedabad
  • Baba Ramdevji Temple,Manipur villege,Ahmedabad,gujrat,
  • Baba Ramdevpir Mandir, Kadana, Mahisagar
  • Baba Ramdevpir Mandir, Palitana, Bhavnagar
  • Ramdevji Maharaj Temple, Ranuja, near Kalawad, Dist. Jamnagar (Gujarat)
  • Bar beejna dhani temple, chorvadala, dist. Bhavnagar, Gujarat

AssamEdit

  • Guwahati
  • Tinsukia
  • Baba Ramdev Dham, Dekagaon, Mariani
  • Runicha Dham, Sivasagar
  • Baba Shree Ramdev Mandir, Dibrugarh
  • Shree Nirala Dham Ramdev Mandir, Bokakhat (Established by Marwari Yuvha Munch under the guidance of Samaj Sevak Shree Kashiramji Minaramji Choudhary)
  • Baba Ramdev Bhakt Mandal, Amguri

ChhattisgarhEdit

Tamil NaduEdit

PunjabEdit

  • Temple of Baba Ramdev ji, Killian wali, Abohar, Punjab
  • Baba Ramdev Ji Mandir, Katehra, Fazilka
  • Mandir Baba Ramdev Ji Patrewala, Abohar
  • Mandir Baba Ramdev Ji Sherwala, Abohar
  • Banwala Hanwanta, Fazilka[13]
  • Ladhuka, Firozpur district
  • Malout, Kotkapura, Faridkot
  • Baba Ramdev Peer mandir Raman District Bathinda

Madhya PradeshEdit

  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Ramdev Nagar, Ganjbasoda, Bhopal
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Ramganj Jinsi, Indore
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Khatsur, Shajapur
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Kachnara, Mandsaur
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Shamshabad (district-vidisha)
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Alirajpur (District-Alirajpur)
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Bhilat Dev Seoni Malwa (district - Hosangabad)

West BengalEdit

  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Liliuah, Howrah
  • Sri Krishna Avatar Baba Ramdev Mandir, Kanki Dham, Kanki .

MaharashtraEdit

  • Shree Ramdev Baba Mandir, Mumbai
  • Shri Ramdevpir Mandir, Chembur, Mumbai
  • Baba Ramdev Ji Temple, Guruwar Peth, Pune
  • Baba Ramdev Ji Temple, Mangalwara, Hingoli
  • Ramdev Pir Temple, Pujya Kandas Bapu Ashram, Kandivali (West), Mumbai
  • Baba Ramdevji Temple, Mulund (West), Mumbai
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Ausa Road, Latur
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Nehru Maidan, Dombivli (East)
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Jalgaon
  • Shree Ramdev Baba Mandir, Washim Bypass, Geetanagar, Akola
  • Ramdev Baba Mandir, Runicha Nagar, Mehkar
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, New Mondha Parbani
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Katol Road, Nagpur
  • Ramdev Baba Temple, Hinganghat, Wardha
  • Ramdev Baba Temple, Rajapeth, Amravati
  • Ramdev Baba Samadhi Temple, Prabhat Chowk, Amravati
  • Ramdev Baba Temple, Ratnagiri
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Soundad, Gondia district.
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir, Railtoli, Gondia
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir Sarafa Bajar Jalna District
  • Shri Ramdev Baba Mandir Sadar Bajar Jalna District

Other temples are in various other districts like Wardha, Jalna, Aurangabad, and Dhamangaon.

OdishaEdit

 
Ramdev Baba temple situated in-between Bhubaneswar and Cuttack, Odisha
 
Ramdev Baba temple in Odisha
 
Entrance of a Baba Ramdev temple in Odisha
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Cuttack

TelanganaEdit

  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Shivrampally, Hyderabad
  • Baba Ramdev Ashtkoni Temple, Hyderabad
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Feelkhana, Hyderabad
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Mancherial
  • Baba Ramdev Asthakoni Temple, Yellandu, Khammam
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Peddapally.
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, at Chennaiah Siva Mutt, next to IDPL, Balanagar, Hyderabad.

KarnatakaEdit

  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Gunj, Raichur
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Bangalore
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Gangavathi
  • Baba Ramdev Temple, Hubli

KeralaEdit

  • Shree Ramdev Temple, Ernakulam, Kochi

BiharEdit

  • Baba Ramdev temple, Kanki Dham, Kishanganj

AbroadEdit

KenyaEdit

Shri Ramdev pir temple, PakistanEdit

The Temple of Rama Pir is located in Tando Allahyar, Sindh, Pakistan. The annual festival of Ramapir Temple Tando Allahyar is the second largest pilgrimage sites for the Hindus in Pakistan. Every year in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad, 3 days celebrations are arranged by Ramapir Sheva Mandli.[14]

LegendEdit

According to a legend, about 150 years ago, a man of the Khatri community of Tando Allahyar took a vow that if he was blessed with a son, he would arrange mela (fair) of Rama Pir. His wish was fulfilled. The man brought an earthen lamp from the original temple of Rama Pir in Rajasthan to Tando Allahyar and built a temple. During the mela, people carry flags in their hands and recite bhajans whole night sitting outside the city, and early in the morning at 5:00 AM they hoist the Dhaja (flag) at the temple by dancing on the beat of drums and trumpets. Thousands of devotees travel on foot to pay homage to Rama Pir. Although Ramdev was cremated in Rajasthan, he had come to Tando Allahyar and his devotees had constructed a temple in his memory at the place where he had worshiped as far back as 1800. Since then, a fair is held at the Rama Pir temple by his devotees every year.[15] There is also a temple of Ramdev Pir in Chelhar, Sindh, Pakistan. It is thought that the horse of Baba Ramdev Pir used to feed and rest up there.

MediaEdit

A Rajasthani language film based on the life of Ramdev, Baba Ramdev, was made in the 1960s. The movie was a commercial success.[citation needed]

Gujarati language film Jay Ramdev Pir was based on the life of Ramdev Pir.

Gopal Bajaj is a singer and musician from Hyderabad, best known for his performances for many Ramdevji bhajans.

24 Banis are considered as famous literature composed by Ramdev. Many poets and followers like Harji Bhati, Raja Mansinh, Likhmauji Mali, Vijoji Sani, Hiranand Mali, Devshi Mali and Rani Rupande composed folk-tales about him which are still sung by his followers.[citation needed]

FolkloreEdit

One day, young Ramdev wanted to play with a toy horse. His father gave a toymaker sandalwood and new cloth to make a wooden horse. The toymaker, however, stole most of the new cloth for his wife, and made the wooden horse from a piece of old cloth, with only a cover from new cloth. When Ramdev sat on the horse it began to fly and disappeared into the sky along with the child. Ramdev's parents got angry with the toymaker and imprisoned him. Shortly afterward, Ramdev came back along with the horse and accused the toymaker of cheating. The toymaker confessed his crime and begged for forgiveness. Ramdev forgave him and accepted the horse. Wooden toy horses covered with cloth are among the most popular offerings at the temples dedicated to him.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Malika Mohammada (1 January 2007). The foundations of the composite culture in India. Aakar Books. p. 348. ISBN 978-81-89833-18-3. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  2. ^ a b A call to honour: in service of emergent India by Jaswant Singh. Rupa & Co. 2006. p. 23. ISBN 9788129109767.
  3. ^ History goes that five Pirs from Mecca came to test his miraculous powers and after being convinced, paid their homage to him. Since then, he has been venerated by Muslims as Ramshahpir or Ramapir. Archived 5 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Parcha of Ramdevpir Why do Muslims call Ramdevji "Ramshahpir" or "Ramapir"? The Pirs and Fakirs intentions were to bring disgrace upon Ramdevji, instead they blessed him and Musapir announced that Ramdevji from now on will be known as Ramshahpir, Ramapir or Hindawapir in the whole world and all the Pirs and Fakirs present hailed to Ramdevji "Jai Ramapir, Jai Ramapir". Archived 5 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ a b "राजस्थान के गौरव - पियूष प्रवाह" (PDF). Board of Secondary Education, Rajasthan - Official Website. p. 54 Page of the PDF or 46 Page of the Book.
  6. ^ Why Hindus Believe Ramdevpir to be The Incarnation of Lord Krishna? Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c India today, Volume 18, Issues 1-12. Living Media India Pvt. Ltd. 1993. p. 61.
  8. ^ Smith, Bardwell L. (1976). Hinduism: New Essays in the History of Religions By Bardwell L. Smith. pp. 138–139. ISBN 9004044957.
  9. ^ Roy Burman, J. J. (2004). Gujarat Unknown: Hindu-Muslim Syncretism and Humanistic Forays By J. J. Roy Burman. pp. 114–115. ISBN 9788183240529.
  10. ^ http://ramdevdarshan.in/
  11. ^ Lakhs of devotees visiting Ramdevra temple in Rajasthan today. In Rajasthan, today is a public holiday to honour the most famous folk deity called Bhagwan Ramdevji Maharaj revered both by Hindus and Muslims. Among Muslims, Ramdevji is known as Ramapir. Archived 1 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Kuortti, Joel; Vālmīki, Omaprakāśa (2004). Journeys to Freedom: Dalit Narratives By Fernando Franco, Jyotsna Macwan, Suguna Ramanathan. pp. 234–36. ISBN 9788185604633.
  13. ^ HANWANTA, BABA RAM DEV JI MANDIR BANWALA. "BABA RAM DEV JI MANDIR BANWALA HANWANTA". BABA RAM DEV JI MANDIR BANWALA HANWANTA. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  14. ^ "Hindu's converge at Ramapir Mela near Karachi seeking divine help for their security - The Times of India". Retrieved 18 September 2015.
  15. ^ By Ramesh Kumar (Ravi) Meghwar, Tando Allahyar +92-300-3322811.

External linksEdit