Baba (Persian: بابا, Turkish: baba, Hindi and Marathi: बाबा; Assamese and Bengali: বাবা; Sylheti: ꠛꠣꠛꠣ; Punjabi: ਬਾਬਾ; father; grandfather; wise old man; sir) is a honorific term, of Persian and Turkish origin, used in several West Asian and South Asian cultures.
It is used as a mark of respect to refer to Hindu and Sikh ascetics (sannyasis) and is used as a suffix or prefix to their names, e.g. Sai Baba, Baba Ramdevji, etc. Baba is also a title accorded to the head of certain order of Sufi monks, as in Baba Bulleh Shah and Rehman Baba. The term was also adopted in Malaysia as an honorific of respect to address Chinese people born in British Straits Settlement.
- Platts, John T. (John Thompson). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1884.
- Baba in Weiner, E. S. C.; Simpson, J. R. (1989). The Oxford English dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-861186-2.
- Hunter, William Wilson; James Sutherland Cotton; Richard Burn; William Stevenson Meyer; Great Britain India Office (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India. 20. Clarendon Press. p. 295.
- Ooi, Keat Gin (2004). Southeast Asia : A Historical Encyclopedia, From Angkor Wat to East Timor. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO. p. 198. ISBN 1-57607-770-5.
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