Rajnigandha (transl.Tuberose) is a 1974 Hindi film directed by Basu Chatterjee. It is based on the short story "Yahi Sach Hai" by noted Hindi writer Mannu Bhandari.[1][2] The movie starred Amol Palekar, Vidya Sinha and Dinesh Thakur in the lead.

Rajnigandha
Rajnigandha, 1974.jpg
Directed byBasu Chatterjee
Produced bySuresh Jindal
Kamal Saigal
Screenplay byBasu Chatterjee
Story byManu Bhandari
Based on"Yahi Sach Hai" by Mannu Bhandari
StarringAmol Palekar
Vidya Sinha
Dinesh Thakur
Music byOriginal Score & Songs:
Salil Chowdhury

Lyrics for songs:
Yogesh
CinematographyK. K. Mahajan
Edited byG.G. Mayekar
Release date
  • 13 September 1974 (1974-09-13)
Running time
110 minutes
CountryIndia
LanguageHindi

Rajnigandha went on to win the Best Picture, the Popular Award and the Critics Award at the Filmfare Awards in 1975. It was considered to have a realistic outlook of urban middle class on cinema in 1974, an era when potboilers were ruling Bollywood, a genre which was later called the Middle Cinema.[3] The film was the first screen role of Vidya Sinha and first Hindi film of Amol Palekar, both of whom went on to work with Basu Chatterjee in many films. Rajnigandha was remade into Bengali in 2012 as Hothat Shedin.

Plot summaryEdit

Deepa (Vidya Sinha) is a graduate student in Delhi who is in a long-term relationship with Sanjay (Amol Palekar), whom she plans to marry. Sanjay is a loquacious, humorous, and a good individual who is also rather lackadaisical and forgetful with no sense of punctuality.

A job interview call from a college in Mumbai re-acquaints her with Navin (Dinesh Thakur) whom she had split up with under acrimonious circumstances. Navin is in every way the antithesis of Sanjay: He is very punctual and looks after her during her stay in Mumbai. Navin shows her the city and helps her with the job interview. This rekindles Deepa's feelings for him, and she finds herself torn between the two men and between her past and her present. Upon her return to Delhi, she feels that her first love (Navin) is her true love. She receives a letter stating that she has got the job in Mumbai. At the same time Sanjay comes to her house and tells her that he has got a promotion. Deepa then feels that she should forget the past and get married to Sanjay.

Cast and CrewEdit

CastEdit

CrewEdit

  • Director : Basu Chatterjee
  • Producer : Suresh Jindal
  • Co-Producer : Kamal Saigal
  • Editor : G. G. Mayekar
  • Cinematographer : K. K. Mahajan
  • Costume Designer : Shanker Gokhale
  • Audiographer : Kapil Chandra, Narendra Singh
  • Lyrics : Yogesh Gaud
  • Music Director : Salil Chowdhury

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

The original story, Yahi Sach Hai (1960), written in diary format was by Mannu Bhandari, an important writer of the Nayi Kahani literary movement of Hindi literature the 1960s. While writing the screenplay, Basu Chatterjee transposed the story from Kanpur and Kolkata to Delhi and Mumbai in the film.[4][2]

CastingEdit

Director Basu Chatterjee's original cast was Shashi Kapoor, Sharmila Tagore and Amitabh Bachchan. Then he switched to Bengali actors, Aparna Sen and Samit Bhanja. Even classical dancer Mallika Sarabhai was to be cast as lead, but of her final MBA exams clashed and eventually debutante Vidya Sinha got the role after she responded to one of the ads placed by Basu Chatterjee.[5][6]

This was the first Hindi film of Amol Palekar, who at that time was a less known theater actor. In an interview in 2015 with S.M. Irfan on Rajya Sabha TV, Palekar described the circumstances in which he made this switch to mainstream acting. During one of their meetings at the "Film forum" (one of the leading film societies of Bombay at that time) Basu Chatterjee showed Palekar the story "Yahi Sach Hai" by Mannu Bhandari to read. Once Palekar finished reading it, Chatterjee showed him the script that had been written based on this story. He thereafter asked him if he would like to play the leading role in it. Palekar, a trained artist from the JJ School of art and a theater actor had at that time worked in two Marathi films including Shaantata Court Chaalu Aahe, by Satyadev Dubey and Govind Nihalani.[7]

FilmingEdit

The principal photography of the film started with 20-day schedule in Mumbai in 1972, which wrapped up in 16 days. This was followed by a 15-day schedule in Delhi. However, after that the film's producer, Suresh Jindal who was also a first time film producer struggled for the next two years to remaining funding. A potential distributor even offered finance for the film if it was reshot with a different lead actor. The film was completed eventually in 1974 with same leads.[5][8]

SoundtrackEdit

The film's music director was Salil Chowdhury rendered commercially successful tracks and the songs were written by Yogesh. Mukesh sang "Kai Baar Yuheen Dekha hai," for which he won the National Film Award for Best Male Playback Singer.

All lyrics are written by Yogesh; all music is composed by Salil Chowdhury.

No.TitleSinger(s)Length
1."Kai Baar Yuheen Dekha hai"Mukesh3:22
2."Rajnigandha Phool Tumhaare"Lata Mangeshkar3:24

ReleaseEdit

On September 6, 1974, a trial show, where Rajshri Productions bought the Mumbai territory for distribution, the film was first released with single print at All India Radio's Akashwani theatre in South Mumbai. Thereafter through word of mouth, the film gained rapid publicity, and became a sleeper hit, spreading to many theatres.[5][9] Actor Amol Palekar who made his Hindi film debut with the film, went on to make 'Debut Silver Jubilee Hatrick' with subsequent Basu Chatterjee films, Chhoti Si Baat (1975) and Chitchor (1976), and all Silver Jubilee hits in Mumbai.

Awards and nominationsEdit

Year Category Cast/Crew member Status
1974 Best Male Playback Singer Mukesh for "Kai Baar Yoon Bhi Dekha Hai" [10] Won
1975 Critics Award for Best Movie Basu Chatterjee Won
Best Film Suresh Jindal (for Devki Chitra) Won
1975 Best Editor Award G. G. Mayekar Won
Best Indian Films Award - Won

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rajnigandha story
  2. ^ a b Yahi Such Hai www.abhivyakti-hindi.org.
  3. ^ "Rajnigandha (1974)". The Hindu. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  4. ^ Trisha Gupta, Mumbai Mirror (1 April 2018). "The dreamlife of angels". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  5. ^ a b c Roshmila Bhattacharya (28 September 2017). "This week, That year: Memories of Rajnigandha and Vidya Sinha". Mumbai Mirror. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Going back in time with Master Raju". Rediff.com movies. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2018.
  7. ^ Irfan, S.M. "Interview with Amol Palekar". Rajya Sabha TV (Guftagoo). Retrieved 10 November 2017.
  8. ^ Aseem Chhabra (15 August 2017). "There was always a huge calm on the set". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  9. ^ Khalid Mohamed. "Basu Chatterji: The Forgotten Champion of Middle-Class Cinema". The Quint. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  10. ^ "22nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 1 October 2011.

External linksEdit