Rajnandgaon is a city in Rajnandgaon District, in the state of Chhattisgarh, India.[5] As of the 2011 census the population of the city was 163,122.[2] Rajnandgaon district came into existence on 26 January 1973, as a result of the division of Durg district.[6]

Rajnandgaon
Nandgaon
City
Nickname: 
Sanskardhani
Rajnandgaon is located in Chhattisgarh
Rajnandgaon
Rajnandgaon
Location in Chhattisgarh, India
Coordinates: 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E / 21.10; 81.03
Country India
StateChhattisgarh
DistrictRajnandgaon
Government
 • BodyNagar Nigam Rajnandgaon
 • MayorHema Sudesh Deshmukh (INC)
 • District CollectorMr. Doman Singh (IAS).
Area
 • Total70 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
343 meter m (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding ft)
Population
 (2011)[2][3]
 • Total163,122
 • Rank5th in state
 • Density2,300/km2 (6,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official : ChhattisgarhiHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
491441 (Rajnandgaon)[4]
Telephone code07744
Vehicle registrationCG-08
Sex ratio1023 /
Websitewww.rajnandgaon.nic.in

History edit

Originally known as Nandgram, Rajnandgaon State was ruled by Somvanshis, Kalachuris of Tripuri and Marathas.[7] The palaces in the town of Rajnandgaon reveal their own tale of the rulers, their society and culture, and the traditions of those times.[6]

The city was ruled by a dynasty of Hindu caretakers (Bairagis), who bore the title Vaishnav and Gond rajas (chiefs). Succession was by adoption. Its foundation is traced to a religious celibate who came from the Punjab towards the end of the 18th century. From the founder it passed through a succession of chosen disciples until 1879, when the British government recognized the ruler as an hereditary chief and it came to be known as princely state of Raj Nandgaon. Afterwards conferred upon his son the title of Raja Bahadur. The first ruler Mahant Ghasi Das was recognized as a feudal chief by the British government in 1865 and was granted a sanad of adoption. Later the British conferred the title of raja on the ruling mahant.[8][9]

Demographics edit

Census 2011 edit

As of the 2011 India census,[2] Rajnandgaon had population of 1,537,133 of which male and female were 762,855 and 774,278 respectively. Rajnandgaon has an average literacy rate of 2.34%, male literacy is 3.1%, and female literacy is 0.06%.

Census 2001 edit

As of 2001 India census,[10] Rajnandgaon had a population of 143,727. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. Rajnandgaon had an average literacy rate of 22%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 20%, and female literacy is 13.5%. In Rajnandgaon, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Language edit

Chhattisgarhi and Hindi are the main spoken languages in Rajnandgaon. Chhattisgarhi is the native language of this town, besides being followed by Hindi. People from different parts of the country live here, so other languages are also spoken by a majority of people. Some people of the city also speak dialects of Hindi such as Rajisthani and Bastari Chhattisgarh.

Sports edit

Digvijay Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium and is mainly used for organizing matches of football, cricket and other sports. The stadium hosted four first-class matches [11] in 1988 when Madhya Pradesh cricket team played against Rajasthan cricket team.

Rajnandgaon was earlier known as NURSERY OF HOCKEY The International Hockey Stadium, which is Chhattisgarh's first international astroturf hockey stadium, is spread over an area of nearly 9.5 acres, and was built at an estimated cost of 22 crores. It was dedicated to the public on 17 January 2014 by state Governor Shekhar Dutt and chief minister Raman Singh.[12]

Geography edit

Rajnandgaon is located at 21°06′N 81°02′E / 21.10°N 81.03°E / 21.10; 81.03[13] in Chhattishgarh. It has an average elevation of 307 . metres (1010 feet).

Climate edit

Climate data for Rajnandgaon (1981–2010, extremes 1980–2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
36.7
(98.1)
40.2
(104.4)
44.4
(111.9)
46.7
(116.1)
45.6
(114.1)
40.4
(104.7)
40.5
(104.9)
35.4
(95.7)
38.0
(100.4)
33.2
(91.8)
31.6
(88.9)
46.7
(116.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
29.0
(84.2)
32.9
(91.2)
37.0
(98.6)
39.5
(103.1)
34.8
(94.6)
30.4
(86.7)
28.6
(83.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.2
(75.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.2
(59.4)
18.7
(65.7)
23.1
(73.6)
25.3
(77.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.2
(73.8)
21.3
(70.3)
17.0
(62.6)
13.5
(56.3)
20.1
(68.2)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.2
(43.2)
10.2
(50.4)
13.8
(56.8)
18.0
(64.4)
14.0
(57.2)
12.0
(53.6)
17.9
(64.2)
16.0
(60.8)
15.4
(59.7)
10.0
(50.0)
7.4
(45.3)
6.0
(42.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 13.7
(0.54)
12.6
(0.50)
20.1
(0.79)
11.4
(0.45)
28.4
(1.12)
171.9
(6.77)
273.3
(10.76)
312.7
(12.31)
163.1
(6.42)
60.5
(2.38)
4.5
(0.18)
7.9
(0.31)
1,080.1
(42.52)
Average rainy days 1.3 0.9 1.5 1.0 2.1 7.8 11.6 14.3 8.3 2.8 0.5 0.5 52.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 52 39 34 23 30 52 74 80 77 67 54 58 53
Source: India Meteorological Department[14][15]

Transport edit

Railways edit

Rajnandgaon railway station is on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. The station comes under Nagpur Division of SECR. Local trains provide frequent service west to Dongargarh and Nagpur Station, and east to Raipur, while direct express trains are available for all the metros: New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, and Pune. Rajnandgaon railway station is the fourth busiest railway station of the state after Bilaspur, Raipur and Durg. Railway station consists of four well developed platforms. More than 190 trains passes from city. Direct connections are available for Indore, Bhopal, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Nagpur, Gondia, Wardha, Mumbai, Pune, Nashik, Hapa, Chennai, Trivandrum, Patna etc.

Bus edit

Rajnandgaon has two bus stands, Old Bus Stand and New Bus Stand. Bus connectivity is good for transportation to nearby cities and villages, but long-distance bus connectivity is practically non-existent.

MSRTC under Bhandara Division provides bus services to Rajnandgaon from its various depots that interconnect Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. Bhandara and Rajnandgaon have connected under the same link of NH6.

Notable people edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Rajnandgaon City".
  2. ^ a b c "census 2011". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  3. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  4. ^ Rajnandgaon
  5. ^ "Rajnandgaon | India". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 25 September 2021.
  6. ^ a b "official website of rajnandgaon".
  7. ^ "Official Website of District Rajnandgaon".
  8. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Riyaste/Princely stastes aur Jamindariyaa. Raipur: Vaibhav Prakashan. ISBN 81-89244-96-5.
  9. ^ Chhattisgarh ki Janjaatiyaa/Tribes aur Jatiyaa/Castes. Delhi: Mansi publication. ISBN 978-81-89559-32-8.
  10. ^ "census 2001". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
  11. ^ First-class matches
  12. ^ PTI (20 January 2014). "Astro turf hockey stadium inaugurated in Chhattisgarh". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 January 2019.
  13. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Raj Nandgaon
  14. ^ "Station: Rajnandgaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 653–654. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  15. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M45. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.

External links edit