Purism is a computer technology company based in South San Francisco, California and registered as a social purpose corporation in the state of Washington. Purism manufactures the Librem personal computing devices with a focus on software freedom, computer security and Internet privacy.
|Founded||November 19, 2014|
|Headquarters||South San Francisco, California|
|Todd Weaver (CEO) Zlatan Todorić (CTO)|
|Products||laptops, smartphones, tablet computers, handhelds|
|Revenue||US$1 million (2015)|
Number of employees
Purism was founded in 2014 with the launch of a crowdfunding campaign for the Librem 15, notable for being the first attempt at custom-manufacturing an Intel-based high-end laptop for GNU/Linux with freedom-respecting components.
With the success of the initial crowdfunding campaign, a second campaign was made for a 13-inch model of the Librem, where an additional focus on privacy was given with hardware kill switches built into the product design. As the 15-inch model was still undergoing design and production, the kill switches feature was backported to it.
On August 24th 2017, Purism announced plans to build a smartphone, called the Librem 5. This phone, with launch delayed to early April 2019, will feature baseband processor separate from the main CPU and hardware kill switches for the baseband, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, camera, and microphone. Further, this phone would run entirely free and open source software. Purism announced a crowdfunding effort for the phone that would run 60 days, intended to collect US$1.5 million. Purism has reached its goal two weeks before the end of the campaign.
Purism manages the development of PureOS, a fully free GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian. PureOS mostly ships with software from the Debian repositories but has all software that violates Purism's guidelines removed. Most notably, the Mozilla Firefox web browser is rebranded as PureBrowser and ships with plugins to enhance user privacy. PureOS received endorsement from the Free Software Foundation in December 2017. Librem laptops ship with PureOS by default and an optional Qubes OS USB drive. Purism says that it is easy for Librem owners to install alternative GNU/Linux distributions and that owners have the freedom to install any operating system that they wish to install.
Librem 13 and Librem 15 laptopsEdit
Librem line of laptops is the flagship product of Purism. The Librem laptops come in two sizes, the 13 and the 15 featuring a 13 and a 15 inch screen, respectively. All of these products ship with Purism's own operating system, PureOS, a derivative of Debian GNU/Linux, and an optional Qubes OS USB drive. Purism's products also feature hardware kill switches to allow the user to shut off the camera, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and the cellular modem on products that have one (or can be purchased air gapped).
Librem 11 tabletEdit
Librem 11, sometimes referred to as Librem 10 or 12, is a proposed convertible tablet-to-laptop device. Librem 11 would have an 11-inch touch screen in an 11.6-inch body with a detachable keyboard and an optional docking station. Development on the device started in April 2016 and was suspended in October 2018.
Librem 5 phoneEdit
On August 24th 2017, Purism launched a funding campaign for a $599 "security and privacy focused phone" Librem 5. The 60-day funding campaign aimed to collect collect US$1.5 million, however the goal was surpassed two weeks early and concluded with US$2,677,609.10 raised, 78% over the target. The phone would run entirely free firmware and software: Debian derivative with a choice of desktop environments GNOME or KDE Plasma Mobile or Ubuntu Touch. Furthermore, unlike in any other phone, the baseband processor would be separated from the CPU main bus and instead connected via a fast USB interface, thus isolated from the main CPU RAM bus. Also, the phone would feature hardware kill switches for the isolated baseband processor, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, camera, and microphone.
Librem Key is a hardware USB security token supporting multiple features, including integration with tamper-evident Heads BIOS that ensures Librem laptop BIOS was not maliciously altered since the last laptop launch, and one-time password storage (3x HOTP (RFC 4226), 15 x TOTP (RFC 6238)), integrated password manager (16 entries), 40 kbit/s true random number generator, and tamper-resistant smart card. The key supports type A USB 2.0, has dimensions of 48 x 19 x 7 mm, and weights 6 g.
Comparison of Librem LaptopsEdit
|Name||Coreboot Version||Intel ME||Launched||Max RAM(GB)|
|Librem 15 v1||32|
|Librem 13 v1||32|
|Librem 15 v2||v4.7||February 2018||16|
|Librem 13 v2||v4.7||February 2018||16|
|Librem 15 v3|
|Librem 13 v3|
|Librem 15 v4||Disabled|
|Librem 13 v4||Disabled|
- "The Core Team -- Purism". September 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- "Contact – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Registration Detail". Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 2017-01-18.
- "Librem 15: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Linder, Brad (2014-11-19). "Purism hopes to crowdfund a high-end, open source laptop". Liliputing. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Gallagher, Sean (2014-11-19). "Crowdfunding project promises a "laptop that respects essential freedoms"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Biggs, John (2015-01-23). "Purism Aims To Build A Philosophically Pure Laptop". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Low, Cherlynn (2014-11-19). "Librem 15: Sexy Open Source Laptop Wants Your Money". Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Hoffman, Chris (2014-11-19). "Purism Librem 15 Linux laptop blends high-end hardware with totally free software". PCWorld. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Librem 13: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Casey, Henry T. (2015-06-19). "Purism Puts Physical Kill Switches on Latest Laptop". Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Updates from Librem 13: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- "Updates from Librem 15: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16.
- Weaver, Todd (2016-12-15). "Growing to Ship from Inventory in 2017". Purism. Retrieved 2017-09-20.
- "Social purpose". Purism. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
- "Purism Becomes a Social Purpose Corporation". Digital Journal. 2017-05-08. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
- "Purism now a SPC — What this means for you and us". Purism. 2017-05-06. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
- "Purism will try its hand at security-focused smartphones".
- "Success — Linux Phone Crowdfunding Campaign Reaches Its Goal - OMG! Ubuntu!". OMG! Ubuntu!. 2017-10-09. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
- Robertson, Donald (2017-12-21). "FSF adds PureOS to list of endorsed GNU/Linux distributions". www.fsf.org. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
- "× Open Source Operating Systems Linux FSF Adds PureOS To List of Endorsed GNU/Linux Distributions". Slash Dot. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "FAQ – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- "Purism expands its line of privacy-focused devices to include a 2-in-1". Engadget. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
- "Tabling the Librem tablet". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-10-31.
- "Success — Linux Phone Crowdfunding Campaign Reaches Its Goal".
- "Librem 5 – A Security and Privacy Focused Phone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- "GNOME Foundation Partners with Purism to Support Its Efforts to Build the Librem 5 Smartphone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- "Purism and KDE to Work Together on World's First Truly Free Smartphone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- Verma, Adarsh (2018-04-25). "Open Source Smartphone Librem 5 Will Officially Support Ubuntu Touch". Fossbytes. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- Byfield, Bruce. "Librem 5 and the Challenge of the Free Phone » Linux Magazine". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 2018-09-11.
- "Librem Key – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-10-25.