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Purism is a computer technology company based in South San Francisco, California[2] and registered as a social purpose corporation in the state of Washington.[3] Purism manufactures the Librem personal computing devices with a focus on software freedom, computer security and Internet privacy.

Purism SPC
Private
Industry Computer hardware
Electronics
Founded November 19, 2014; 3 years ago (2014-11-19)
Founder Todd Weaver
Headquarters South San Francisco, California
Area served
Worldwide
Key people

Todd Weaver (CEO)

Zlatan Todorić (CTO)
Products laptops, smartphones, tablet computers, handhelds
Revenue US$1 million (2015)
Number of employees
27 (2018)[1]
Website Puri.sm
Todd Weaver in Swathanthra 2017 at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Contents

HistoryEdit

Purism was founded in 2014[3] with the launch of a crowdfunding campaign for the Librem 15,[4] notable for being the first attempt at custom-manufacturing an Intel-based high-end laptop for Linux with freedom-respecting components.[5][6][7][8][9]

With the success of the initial crowdfunding campaign, a second campaign[10] was made for a 13-inch model of the Librem, where an additional focus on privacy was given with hardware kill switches built into the product design.[11] As the 15-inch model was still undergoing design and production, the kill switches feature was backported to it.

The two campaigns raised US$1,052,174 through the support of 1042 initial backers, which allowed the production and delivery of Librem laptops starting at the end of 2015.[12][13]

As campaign orders have gradually been fulfilled, Purism announced[14] that it would be transitioning from a purely build to order order fulfillment model to a build to stock model in 2017.

In February 2017, Purism transitioned to become a social purpose corporation, with its articles of incorporation detailing its social purpose.[15] The move was announced in May 2017.[16][17]

On August 24th 2017, Purism announced plans to build a smartphone, called the Librem 5.[18] This phone, with launch delayed to early April 2019, will feature baseband processor separate from the main CPU and hardware kill switches for the baseband, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, camera, and microphone. Further, this phone would run entirely free and open source software. Purism announced a crowdfunding effort for the phone that would run 60 days, intended to collect US$1.5 million. Purism has reached its goal two weeks before the end of the campaign.[19]

ProductsEdit

PureOSEdit

Purism manages the development of PureOS, a fully free GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian. PureOS mostly ships with software from the Debian repositories but has all software that violates Purism's guidelines removed. Most notably, the Mozilla Firefox web browser is rebranded as PureBrowser and ships with plugins to enhance user privacy. PureOS received endorsement from the Free Software Foundation in December 2017.[20] Although Librem laptops ship with PureOS by default and an optional QubeOS USB drive, Purism collaborates with other software vendors to ensure the laptop owner has the freedom to install any Linux-based OS he/she likes.[21]

Librem 13 and Librem 15 laptopsEdit

Librem line of laptops is the flagship product of Purism. The Librem laptops come in two sizes, the 13 and the 15 featuring a 13 and a 15 inch screen, respectively. All of these products ship with Purism's own operating system, PureOS, a derivative of Debian GNU/Linux, and an optional QubeOS USB drive. Purism's products also feature hardware kill switches to allow the user to shut off the camera, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and the cellular modem on products that have one (or can be purchased air gapped).

Librem 11 tabletEdit

Librem 11, sometimes referred to as Librem 10 or 12, is a proposed convertible tablet-to-laptop device. Librem 11 is expected to have 11 inch touch screen in 11.6 inch body with detachable keyboard and an optional docking station. The device has been in development at least since October 2017 and still is as of September 2018, all this time it has been available for preorder.

Librem 5 phoneEdit

On August 24th 2017, Purism launched a funding campaign for a $599 "security and privacy focused phone" Librem 5.[18] The 60-day funding campaign aimed to collect collect US$1.5 million, however the goal was surpassed two weeks early and concluded with US$2,677,609.10 raised, 78% over the target.[19][22] The phone would run entirely free firmware and software: Debian derivative with a choice of desktop environments GNOME[23] or KDE Plasma Mobile[24] or Ubuntu Touch[25]. Furthermore, unlike in any other phone, the baseband processor would be separated from the CPU main bus and instead connected via a fast USB interface, thus isolated from the main CPU RAM bus. Also, the phone would feature hardware kill switches for the isolated baseband processor, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, camera, and microphone.[26] Initially Purism planned the world-wide launch for early January 2019,[22] but on September 4 2018 they postponed launch till April 2019 because of two hardware bugs and the holiday season.[27] The two silicon bugs in components provided by NXP Semiconductors caused extreme battery draining, discharging the phone in approximately an hour. However, the two bugs did not affect delivery timetables of the development kits, since those are usually connected to a power outlet anyway.[27]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Core Team -- Purism". September 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  2. ^ "Contact – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  3. ^ a b "Registration Detail". Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  4. ^ "Librem 15: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  5. ^ Linder, Brad (2014-11-19). "Purism hopes to crowdfund a high-end, open source laptop". Liliputing. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  6. ^ Gallagher, Sean (2014-11-19). "Crowdfunding project promises a "laptop that respects essential freedoms"". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  7. ^ Biggs, John (2015-01-23). "Purism Aims To Build A Philosophically Pure Laptop". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  8. ^ Low, Cherlynn (2014-11-19). "Librem 15: Sexy Open Source Laptop Wants Your Money". Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  9. ^ Hoffman, Chris (2014-11-19). "Purism Librem 15 Linux laptop blends high-end hardware with totally free software". PCWorld. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  10. ^ "Librem 13: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  11. ^ Casey, Henry T. (2015-06-19). "Purism Puts Physical Kill Switches on Latest Laptop". Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  12. ^ "Updates from Librem 13: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  13. ^ "Updates from Librem 15: A Laptop That Respects Your Rights". Crowd Supply. Retrieved 2017-01-16. 
  14. ^ Weaver, Todd (2016-12-15). "Growing to Ship from Inventory in 2017". Purism. Retrieved 2017-09-20. 
  15. ^ "Social purpose". Purism. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  16. ^ "Purism Becomes a Social Purpose Corporation". Digital Journal. 2017-05-08. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  17. ^ "Purism now a SPC — What this means for you and us". Purism. 2017-05-06. Retrieved 2017-05-24. 
  18. ^ a b "Purism will try its hand at security-focused smartphones". 
  19. ^ a b "Success — Linux Phone Crowdfunding Campaign Reaches Its Goal". 
  20. ^ "× Open Source Operating Systems Linux FSF Adds PureOS To List of Endorsed GNU/Linux Distributions". Slash Dot. Archived from the original on 28 March 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018. 
  21. ^ citation needed
  22. ^ a b "Librem 5 – A Security and Privacy Focused Phone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  23. ^ "GNOME Foundation Partners with Purism to Support Its Efforts to Build the Librem 5 Smartphone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  24. ^ "Purism and KDE to Work Together on World's First Truly Free Smartphone – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  25. ^ Verma, Adarsh (2018-04-25). "Open Source Smartphone Librem 5 Will Officially Support Ubuntu Touch". Fossbytes. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  26. ^ Byfield, Bruce. "Librem 5 and the Challenge of the Free Phone » Linux Magazine". Linux Magazine. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 
  27. ^ a b "Progress update from the Librem 5 hardware department – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-09-11. 

External linksEdit