Librem is a line of computers manufactured by Purism, SPC featuring free (libre) hardware and software. The laptop line is designed to protect privacy and freedom by providing no non-free (proprietary) software in the operating system or kernel, avoiding the Intel Active Management Technology, and gradually freeing and securing firmware. Librem laptops feature hardware kill switches for the microphone, webcam, Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, and can be purchased air gapped.
Librem 13 and 15 laptopsEdit
As of March 2018[update], Purism had two laptop models in production, the Librem 13 (version 2) and Librem 15 (version 3). Purism had already announced in December 2016 it would be preparing to move from a build to order production approach to a "ship from inventory" model with the new batches of Librem 13 and 15.
Librem 11 tabletEdit
Librem 5 smartphoneEdit
In 2017, Purism started a crowdfunding campaign for Librem 5, a smartphone aimed not only to run purely on the free software provided in PureOS, but to "[focus] on security by design and privacy protection by default". Purism claimed that the phone would become "the world's first ever IP-native mobile handset, using end-to-end encrypted decentralized communication." Purism cooperated with KDE and GNOME in its development of Librem 5.
Plans for security on the Librem 5 include separation of the CPU from the baseband processor, which according to Linux Magazine would make Librem 5 unique in comparison to other mobile phones. Hardware kill switches for Wi-Fi and Bluetooth communication and the phone's camera, microphone, and baseband processor are also planned.
The default operating system planned for Librem 5 is Purism's PureOS, a Debian GNU/Linux derivative, with a choice of either GNOME or KDE Plasma Mobile as the desktop environments. Ubuntu Touch is also planned as a standard option for the operating system of Librem 5.
Initially planning to preload its Librem laptops with the Trisquel operating system, Purism eventually moved off the Trisquel platform to rebase onto Debian for the 2.0 release of its PureOS Linux operating system. As an alternative to PureOS, Librem laptops were originally announced as purchasable with Qubes preloaded, but in July, 2017 Librem announced that Qubes was no longer an option for new orders. In December 2017 the Free Software Foundation added PureOS to its list of endorsed GNU/Linux distributions.
In 2015, Purism began research to port the Librem 13 to coreboot but the effort was initially stalled. By the end of the year, a coreboot developer completed an initial port of the Librem 13 and submitted it for review. In December 2016, hardware enablement developer Youness Alaoui joined Purism and was tasked to complete the coreboot port for the original Librem 13 and prepare a port for the second revision of the device. Since summer 2017, new Librem laptops are shipped with coreboot as their standard BIOS, while some older models can be updated.
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- FSF adds PureOS to list of endorsed GNU/Linux distributions, Free Software Foundation
- OpenNews: Фонд СПО признал PureOS полностью свободным дистрибутивом, OpenNET (in Russian)
- Moberg, Larry (2015-07-20). "Freeing the BIOS: Memory Init". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- Moberg, Larry (2015-08-14). "2015-08-14: Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- Moberg, Larry (2015-08-21). "2015-08-21 Librem 13: Weekly BIOS Progress Update". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- Laurie, Duncan (2015-12-22). "Gerrit Code Review". review.coreboot.org. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- Alaoui, Youness (2017-01-05). "Diving back into coreboot development". puri.sm. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- "Downloading and installing coreboot on Purism Librem devices – Purism". puri.sm. Retrieved 2018-04-02.
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