Pulwama

Pulwama (known as Panwangam in antiquity,[6] and later as Pulgam)[7] is a city and notified area council in the Pulwama district of the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. It is located approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the summer capital of Srinagar.

Pulwama

Pulwom, Pulgom
Pulwama is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Pulwama
Pulwama
Pulwama is located in India
Pulwama
Pulwama
Coordinates: 33°52′27″N 74°54′00″E / 33.8741°N 74.9001°E / 33.8741; 74.9001Coordinates: 33°52′27″N 74°54′00″E / 33.8741°N 74.9001°E / 33.8741; 74.9001
CountryIndia
Union territoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictPulwama district
Municipal wards35[citation needed]
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyPulwama Municipal Council
Area
 • Total3.00 km2 (1.16 sq mi)
Elevation1,652 m (5,419 ft)
Population
 • Total18,440
 • Density6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pulwamian[citation needed]
Languages
 • OfficialKashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Dogri, English[4][5]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code+91-1933
Vehicle registrationJK13
Sex ratio913 /
Literacy rate83.24%
Websitepulwama.gov.in

GeographyEdit

Average rainfall in the city is 505.3mm annually. Temperatures reach as high as 37 °C (99 °F) and as low as −7 °C (19 °F).[citation needed]

Educational institutionsEdit

Greater Pulwama master planEdit

On 12 February 2021, the government of Jammu and Kashmir approved the constitution of a board for scrutinising and evaluating objections, representations and suggestions by stakeholders concerning a draft master plan for Greater Pulwama 2020–2040.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1981 7,731—    
2001 14,229+3.10%
2011 18,440+2.63%
Source: [1]

Religion in Pulwama (2011)

  Islam (94.59%)
  Hinduism (4.63%)
  Sikhism (0.34%)
  Christianity (0.17%)
  Buddhism (0.02%)
  Jainism (0.01%)
  Not Stated (0.24%)

Per the 2011 Census of India, the city of Pulwama had a population of 18,440 people, with 10,070 males and 8,370 females.[3] Children aged 6 and under numbered 3,167—making up approximately 17.17% of the total population.[3] The female sex ratio of the city is 831, lower than the Jammu and Kashmir state average of 889. Additionally, the child female sex ratio is around 718; also lower than the state average of 862. The literacy rate of Pulwama is 91.18%, significantly higher than the state average of 67.16%. The city is situated in the Kashmir Valley, and the majority of its inhabitants are ethnic Kashmiris.[9]

ReligionEdit

The majority of Pulwama's inhabitants are Muslims, comprising 94.59% of the total population, while Hindus comprise the second-largest religious minority at 4.63% of the total population. Other religious minorities in the city include Sikhs (0.34%), Christians (0.17%), Buddhists (0.02%) and Jains (0.01%); 0.24% of the population abstained from declaring their beliefs.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c A-4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (Report).
    Class - IV Population of 10,000 and 19,999 (Report).
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pulwama
  3. ^ a b c District Census Handbook Pulwama, Part B (PDF). Census of India 2011 (Report). 16 June 2014. p. 102. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  4. ^ "The Jammu and Kashmir Official Languages Act, 2020" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 27 September 2020. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Parliament passes JK Official Languages Bill, 2020". Rising Kashmir. 23 September 2020. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  6. ^ Jasbir Singh (2004). The economy of Jammu & Kashmir. Radha Krishan Anand & Co. ISBN 9788188256099. Retrieved 2 December 2010. The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatapora, Dalipora.
  7. ^ Parvéz Dewân (2004). Parvéz Dewân's Jammû, Kashmîr, and Ladâkh: Kashmîr. Manas Publications. ISBN 9788170491798. Retrieved 2 December 2010. The original name of Pulwama city(from which the district takes its name) was Panwangam. Over the centuries it got shortened to Pulgam. This in turn gradually changed to Pulwama.
  8. ^ "Constitution of Board(s) for scrutinizing and evaluating objections, representations and suggestions regarding Draft Master Plans", Government of Jammu and Kashmir, General Administration Department, Civil Secretariat, Jammu (142-JK(GAD) of 2021), 12 February 2021
  9. ^ a b "Pulwama Population Census 2011 - 2019". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 17 February 2019.