Psel (river)

The Psel (Russian: Псёл, translit. Psyol; Ukrainian: Псeл, Псьол, Псло, translit. Psel, Ps'ol, Pslo) is a river, a left tributary of the Dnieper, which flows through Russia and Ukraine.

Psel, Psyol
Река Псёл у села Самарино 03.JPG
The Psel near Ivnya
Psel (rivière).png
Psel River
Location
CountryRussia, Ukraine
Oblast
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationUpstream of Prigorki, Prokhorovsky District, Belgorod Oblast, Russia
 • coordinates51°07′58″N 36°44′52″E / 51.13278°N 36.74778°E / 51.13278; 36.74778
 • elevation247 m (810 ft)
MouthDnieper
 • location
Downstream of Kremenchuk, Poltava Oblast, Ukraine
 • coordinates
49°01′16″N 33°32′03″E / 49.02111°N 33.53417°E / 49.02111; 33.53417
Length717 km (446 mi)
Basin size22,800 km2 (8,800 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionDnieperDnieper–Bug estuaryBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftPena, Hrun-Tashan, Hovtva
 • rightSudzha, Hrun, Khorol

The Psel has a length of 717 kilometres (446 mi) and a drainage basin of 22,800 square kilometres (8,800 sq mi).[1][2] The river's right bank is high and steep, unlike the low, left bank. Its periods of freezing range from December until the end of February to the beginning of April.[1]

TributariesEdit

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Psel (from source to mouth):

Left: Ilyok, Pena, Udava, Rybytsia, Sinna, Syrovatka, Ustya, Lehan, Vilshanka, Budylka, Bobrava, Borovenka, Vepryk, Bobryk, Tukh, Glinitsa, Bakai, Lyutenka, Hrun-Tashan, Hovtva, Rudka

Right: Sudzha, Porozok, Oleshnia, Sumka, Vorozhba, Mezhyrichka, Hrun, Rashevka, Vuzka, Vovnianka, Balakliyka, Khorol, Manzheliya, Omelnyk, Belichka, Bahachka, Sukhyi Kahamlyk

SettlementsEdit

Cities and towns located on the river are: Sumy, Ukraine, the administrative center of the Sumy Oblast; Oboyan, Kursk Oblast, Russia; and Hadyach, Poltava Oblast, Ukraine.

RussiaEdit

UkraineEdit

Flora and faunaEdit

The fauna on the riversides of the Psel includes hares, foxes, deer and wild boar, beavers. There are a great variety of birds, such as wild duck, gray heron. Along the riversides there are forest areas, are predominantly deciduous trees. There are also conifers on the sandy areas of the bank. There are also numerous meadows.

In the river there are about 50 species of fish such as crucian, bream, tench, roach, etc. There are also catfish, pike, perch.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Псёл, Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Izsák Tibor (2007). Ukrajna természeti földrajza (pdf) (in Hungarian). II. Rákóczi Ferenc Kárpátaljai Magyar Főiskola. p. 95. Retrieved 2019-04-04.