Khorol (river)

Khorol (Ukrainian: Хорол) is a river in Ukraine, a right tributary of the Psel in the basin of Dnieper. It is 308 kilometres (191 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 3,340 square kilometres (1,290 sq mi).[1] The Khorol river has its source near the village of Chervona Sloboda in Nedryhailiv Raion, Sumy Oblast.

Khorol River
River Horol in Myrhorod.JPG
Khorol in Myrhorod
Khorol.png
Location
CountryUkraine
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationSumy Oblast, Ukraine
Mouth 
 • location
Psel
 • coordinates
49°28′00″N 33°47′18″E / 49.46667°N 33.78833°E / 49.46667; 33.78833Coordinates: 49°28′00″N 33°47′18″E / 49.46667°N 33.78833°E / 49.46667; 33.78833
Length308 km (191 mi)
Basin size3,340 km2 (1,290 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionPselDnieperDnieper–Bug estuaryBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 • leftBerezivka, Staraya Saha, Rudka, Buda, Kholodna
 • rightSakunykha, Rubanka, Vilshana, Tataryna, Oznytsia, Lykhobabivka, Kharpachka, Khomutets, Gremiacha, Kuturzhykha, Avramivka, Lahodynka, Holubykha, Yenkivka, Kryva Ruda, Saha, Tataryna, Shcherbanka

General dataEdit

The length of the river is 308 km (within Poltava region - 241 km). The area of the catchment is 3 870 km². The slope length is 0.3 m / km. Trapezoidal asymmetric valley has different flat slopes, which length is 10–12 km. Floodplain width reaches from 0,2-0,5 km to 1,5–2 km, and has marshy, shrubby and meadow vegetation. The river channel is wavy with its width between 10 and 60 metres. Power supply is rainy and snowy (spring runoff is about 85% of annual). The average long-term water consumption of Khorol (Myrhorod) is 3.8 m³ / s. The mineralization of water changes during the year: spring flood - 843 mg / dm³; summer-autumn measurements - 966 mg / dm³; winter gauge - 1053 mg / dm³. The river freezes at the end of November or in early December and crashes in March.

Main tributariesEdit

Right: Sakunykha, Rubanka, Vilshana, Tataryna, Oznytsia, Lykhobabivka, Kharpachka, Khomutets, Gremiacha, Kuturzhykha, Avramivka, Lahodynka, Holubykha, Yenkivka, Kryva Ruda, Saha, Tataryna, Shcherbanka.

Left: Berezivka, Staraya Saha, Rudka, Buda, Kholodna.

Populated pointsEdit

Towns along the river are Lypova Dolyna, Khorol. There is also a famous ukrainian resort town - Myrhorod.

UseEdit

River is used for water supply, irrigation and fishing. Several gateway regulators and reservoirs have been constructed on the river.

Khorol in history and cultureEdit

A settlement of the Bronze Age was found in the river valley, as well as early Slavic settlements and the burial ground of Chernyakhiv culture. A battle between the Rusyns and Polovtsian troops took place on the banks of the river in 1185. Landscapes of Khorol have been attracting the attention of many artists. Here's how the river was described by the famous Ukrainian poet of the 20-th century, Paul Tychyna:

"Smoke, smoke from cars,

Like maiden summer.

Mirgorod have changed

Khorol River is not what it was...

(Дим, димок від машин,

Мов дівочі літа.

Не той тепер Миргород,

Хорол-річка не та...)

GeographyEdit

Khorol starts from its channels and goes to the north of the village Chervona Sloboda, flows by Prydniprovska lowland on the territory of Nedryhailiv, Lypova Dolyna, near Sumy oblast, Hadiach, Myrhorod, Khorol, Semenivka and Hlobyne of the Poltava oblast. Khorol flows mainly to the south, between the cities of Myrhorod and Khorol — to the southwest, then to the south-east. It also flows into Psel on the northern outskirts of the village of Popivka, Hlobyne and Poltava.

ReferencesEdit

  • Географічна енциклопедія України: в 3-х томах / Редколегія: О. М. Маринич (відпов. ред.) та ін. — К.: «Українська радянська енциклопедія» імені М. П. Бажана, 1989.
  • За ред. А.В. Кудрицького Полтавщина : Енцикл. довід.. — К.: УЕ, 1992. — С. 1024. ISBN 5-88500-033-6
  • Енциклопедія українознавства. У 10-х томах. / Головний редактор Володимир Кубійович. — Париж; Нью-Йорк: Молоде життя, 1954—1989.
  • «По річках України», К., 1938.