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Programming languages used in most popular websites

The most popular (i.e., the most visited) websites have in common that they are dynamic websites. Their development typically involves server side coding, client side coding and database technology. The programming languages applied to deliver similar dynamic web content however vary vastly between sites.

Programming languages used in most popular websites*
Websites Popularity
(unique visitors per month)[1]
Front-end
(Client-side)
Back-end
(Server-side)
Database Notes
Google.com[2] 1,600,000,000 JavaScript C, C++, Go,[3] Java, Python BigTable,[4] MariaDB[5] The most used search engine in the world
Facebook.com 1,100,000,000 JavaScript Hack, PHP (HHVM), Python, C++, Java, Erlang, D,[6] Xhp,[7] Haskell[8] MariaDB, MySQL,[9] HBase Cassandra[10] The most visited social networking site
YouTube.com 1,100,000,000 JavaScript C, C++, Python, Java,[11] Go[12] Vitess, BigTable, MariaDB[5][13] The most visited video sharing site
Yahoo 750,000,000 JavaScript PHP MySQL, PostgreSQL,[14] VB.NET Yahoo is presently[when?] transitioning to Node.js[15]
Amazon.com 500,000,000 JavaScript Java, C++, Perl[16] Oracle Database[17] Popular internet shopping site
Wikipedia.org 475,000,000 JavaScript PHP, Hack MySQL[citation needed], MariaDB[18] "MediaWiki" is programmed in PHP, runs on HHVM; free online encyclopedia
Twitter.com 290,000,000 JavaScript C++, Java, Scala, Ruby[19] MySQL[20] 280 characters social network
Bing 285,000,000 JavaScript ASP.NET Microsoft SQL Server
eBay.com 285,000,000 JavaScript Java,[21] JavaScript,[22] Scala[23] Oracle Database Online auction house
MSN.com 280,000,000 JavaScript ASP.NET Microsoft SQL Server An email client, for simple use. Mostly known as "messenger".
Microsoft 270,000,000 JavaScript ASP.NET Microsoft SQL Server Software company
Linkedin.com 260,000,000 JavaScript Java, JavaScript,[24] Scala Voldemort[25] World's largest professional network
Pinterest 250,000,000 JavaScript Django,[26] Erlang MySQL, Redis [27]
WordPress.com 240,000,000 JavaScript PHP, JavaScript [28] (Node.js) MariaDB, MySQL

*data on programming languages are based on:

Back-end (Server-side) table in most popular websites
Websites ASP.NET C C++ D Erlang Go Hack Java JavaScript Perl PHP Python Ruby Scala Xhp
Google.com No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No No No Yes No No No
YouTube.com No Yes Yes No No Yes No Yes No No No Yes No No No
Facebook.com No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No Yes
Yahoo No No No No No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No
Amazon.com No No Yes No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No No
Wikipedia.org No No No No No No Yes No No No Yes No No No No
Twitter.com No No Yes No No No No Yes No No No No Yes Yes No
Bing Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
eBay.com No No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No
MSN.com Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Microsoft Yes No No No No No No No No No No No No No No
Linkedin.com No No No No No No No Yes Yes No No No No Yes No
Pinterest No No No No Yes No No No No No No Yes No No No
WordPress.com No No No No No No No No Yes No Yes No No No No

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Top 15 Most Popular Websites September 2016". eBiz. Retrieved 11 February 2016. 
  2. ^ searchenginewatch.com - Google Hits the Billion Monthly Unique Visitors Mark
  3. ^ Rob Pike (2012). Go at Google. Presentation at the ACM conference on Systems, Programming, Languages and Applications: Software for Humanity (SPLASH).
  4. ^ "Google's Big Table". 
  5. ^ a b "Google Waves Goodbye To MySQL In Favor Of MariaDB". readwrite.com. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Facebook is using D in production starting today". 
  7. ^ "XHP: A New Way to Write PHP". Facebook Engineering. Facebook. 
  8. ^ "Fighting spam with Haskell". Facebook Engineering. Facebook. 
  9. ^ "MySQL and Database Engineering". 
  10. ^ "Cassandra – A structured storage system Developed By Facebook". 
  11. ^ "YouTube Architecture - High Scalability -". Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Golang Vitess: a database wrapper written in Go as used by Youtube". 
  13. ^ "Google buys YouTube for $1.65 billion". 10 October 2006. 
  14. ^ "World's Largest Database Running on Postgres". 
  15. ^ "Work on NodeJS at Yahoo". 
  16. ^ "Amazon Architecture". 
  17. ^ "Amazon and Oracle". 
  18. ^ "Wikipedia Adopts MariaDB". Wikimedia Foundation. 2013-04-22. 
  19. ^ Venners, Bill. "Twitter on Scala". 
  20. ^ "How Twitter Stores 250 Million Tweets A Day Using MySQL". 
  21. ^ "eBay Architecture". Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "How We Built eBay’s First Node.js Application". 
  23. ^ "squbs". 
  24. ^ "LinkedIn Moved From Rails To Node: 27 Servers Cut And Up To 20x Faster". Retrieved 2014-09-25. 
  25. ^ "Project Voldemort A distributed database.". Project Voldemort. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "FAQ:General". Retrieved 2015-01-03. 
  27. ^ "How We Scaled Pinterest From Zero Users To A $2 Billion Valuation". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "Introducing the New WordPress.com". developer.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-01-21. 

External linksEdit

Kiotviet.vn Using PHP, .Net