Open main menu

MariaDB is a community-developed, commercially supported fork of the MySQL relational database management system (RDBMS), intended to remain free and open-source software under the GNU General Public License. Development is led by some of the original developers of MySQL, who forked it due to concerns over its acquisition by Oracle Corporation.[6]

MariaDB
MariaDB Logo.png
Developer(s)MariaDB Corporation AB, MariaDB Foundation
Initial release29 October 2009; 9 years ago (2009-10-29)[1]
Stable release10.4.7 (July 31, 2019; 21 days ago (2019-07-31)[2]) [±]
Preview release10.4.5 [3] (May 21, 2019; 3 months ago (2019-05-21)) [±]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC, C++, Perl, Bash
Operating systemLinux, Windows, macOS[4]
Available inEnglish
TypeRDBMS
LicenseGPLv2, LGPLv2.1 (client libraries)[5]
Websitemariadb.com

MariaDB intends to maintain high compatibility with MySQL, ensuring a drop-in replacement capability with library binary parity and exact matching with MySQL APIs and commands.[7] It includes a new storage engine, Aria, an alternative to MyISAM that intends to be the default transactional and non-transactional engine.[8] It initially used XtraDB as the default storage engine,[9] and switched back to InnoDB since version 10.2.[10]

Its lead developer is Michael "Monty" Widenius, one of the founders of MySQL AB and the founder of Monty Program AB. On 16 January 2008, MySQL AB announced that it had agreed to be acquired by Sun Microsystems for approximately $1 billion. The acquisition completed on 26 February 2008. MariaDB is named after Monty's younger daughter Maria, similar to how MySQL is named after his other daughter My.[11]

Contents

VersioningEdit

MariaDB version numbers follow the MySQL's numbering scheme up to version 5.5. Thus, MariaDB 5.5 offers all of the MySQL 5.5 features. There exists a gap in MySQL versions between 5.1 and 5.5, while MariaDB issued 5.2 and 5.3 point releases.

Since specific new features have been developed in MariaDB, the developers decided that a major version number change was necessary.[12][13]

Version Original release date Latest version Release date Status End of Life[14]
Old version, no longer supported: 5.1 29 October 2009; 9 years ago (2009-10-29)[15] 5.1.67 2013-01-30[16] Stable (GA) Old version, no longer supported: Feb 2015
Old version, no longer supported: 5.2 10 April 2010; 9 years ago (2010-04-10)[17] 5.2.14 2013-01-30[18] Stable (GA) Old version, no longer supported: Nov 2015
Old version, no longer supported: 5.3 26 July 2011; 8 years ago (2011-07-26)[19] 5.3.12 2013-01-30[20] Stable (GA) Old version, no longer supported: Mar 2017
Older version, yet still supported: 5.5 25 February 2012; 7 years ago (2012-02-25)[21] 5.5.65 2019-07-31[22] Stable (GA) Older version, yet still supported: Apr 2020
Old version, no longer supported: 10.0 12 November 2012; 6 years ago (2012-11-12)[23] 10.0.38 2019-01-31[24] Stable (GA) Old version, no longer supported: Mar 2019
Older version, yet still supported: 10.1 30 June 2014; 5 years ago (2014-06-30)[25] 10.1.41 2019-07-31[22] Stable (GA) Older version, yet still supported: Oct 2020
Older version, yet still supported: 10.2 18 April 2016; 3 years ago (2016-04-18)[26] 10.2.26 2019-07-31[22] Stable (GA) Older version, yet still supported: May 2022
Older version, yet still supported: 10.3 16 April 2017; 2 years ago (2017-04-16)[27] 10.3.17 2019-07-31[22] Stable (GA) Older version, yet still supported: May 2023
Current stable version: 10.4 9 November 2018; 9 months ago (2018-11-09)[28] 10.4.7 2019-07-31[22] Stable (GA) Current stable version: Jun 2024
Latest preview version of a future release: 10.5 Unreleased[29] -- ? Development Latest preview version of a future release: 5 years after stable release
Legend:
Old version
Older version, still supported
Latest version
Latest preview version
Future release


Cloud deploymentEdit

MariaDB has been supported in Amazon RDS service since October 2015.[30]

MariaDB is a supported database in Microsoft Azure.[31]

Third-party softwareEdit

MariaDB's API and protocol are compatible with those used by MySQL, plus some features to support native non-blocking operations and progress reporting. This means that all connectors, libraries and applications which work with MySQL should also work on MariaDB—whether or not they support its native features. On this basis, Fedora developers replaced MySQL with MariaDB in Fedora 19, out of concerns that Oracle was making MySQL a more closed software project.[32] OpenBSD likewise in April 2013 dropped MySQL for MariaDB 5.5.[33]

MariaDB FoundationEdit

In December 2012 Michael Widenius, David Axmark, and Allan Larsson announced the formation of a foundation that would oversee the development of MariaDB.[34][35]

 
Kaj Arnö, current CEO of the MariaDB Foundation

In April 2013 the Foundation announced that it had appointed Simon Phipps as its Secretary and interim Chief Executive Officer,[36] Rasmus Johansson as Chairman of the Board, and Andrew Katz, Jeremy Zawodny, and Michael Widenius as Board members.[37] Noting that it wished to create a governance model similar to that used by the Eclipse Foundation, the Board appointed the Eclipse Foundation's Executive Director Mike Milinkovich as an advisor to lead the transition. SkySQL Corporation Ab, a company formed by ex-MySQL executives and investors after Oracle bought MySQL, announced in April 2013 that they were merging their company with Monty Program AB, and joining the MariaDB Foundation. The MariaDB Foundation appointed Widenius as its CTO.[38][37]

Simon Phipps quit in 2014 on the sale of the MariaDB trademark to SkySQL. He later said: "I quit as soon as it was obvious the company was not going to allow an independent foundation."[39] On 1 October 2014, SkySQL Corporation AB changed its name to MariaDB Corporation AB[40] to reflect its role as the main driving force behind the development of MariaDB server and the biggest support-provider for it.[41] MariaDB is a registered trademark of MariaDB Corporation AB,[42] used under license by the MariaDB Foundation.[43]

From January 2015 to September 2018, Otto Kekäläinen was the CEO of the MariaDB Foundation. He stepped down effectively on 1 October of that year.[44] Arjen Lentz was appointed CEO of the Foundation in October 2018,[45] but resigned in December 2018.[46] Kaj Arnö joined as the CEO on 1 February 2019.[47] Eric Herman is the current Chairman of the Board.

Prominent usersEdit

MariaDB is used at ServiceNow,[48] DBS Bank,[49] Google,[50] Mozilla,[51] and, since 2013, the Wikimedia Foundation.[52]

Several Linux and BSD distributions include MariaDB,[53] like Ubuntu (from 14.04 LTS).[54] Some default to MariaDB, such as Arch Linux,[55] Manjaro,[56] Debian (from Debian 9),[57] Fedora (from Fedora 19),[58][59] Red Hat Enterprise Linux (from RHEL 7 in June 2014),[60][61] CentOS (from CentOS 7),[62] Mageia (from Mageia 2),[63] openSUSE (from openSUSE 12.3 Dartmouth),[64] SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (from SLES 12),[65] OpenBSD (from 5.7),[66][67][68] and FreeBSD.[69]

SupportEdit

In 2013 Google tasked one of its engineers to work at the MariaDB Foundation.[70] A group of investment companies led by Intel has invested $20 million in SkySQL.[71] The European Investment Bank has funded MariaDB with €25 million in 2017.[72]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "MariaDB 5.1.38 Release Notes". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  2. ^ "MariaDB 10.4.7, 10.3.17, 10.2.26, 10.1.41 and 5.5.65 now available". mariadb.org. 1 August 2019.
  3. ^ MariaDB 10.4.5 now available,mariadb.org
  4. ^ ""Download MariaDB"". Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  5. ^ "MariaDB licenses".
  6. ^ "Dead database walking: MySQL's creator on why the future belongs to MariaDB - MariaDB, open source, mysql, Oracle". Computerworld. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  7. ^ "MariaDB versus MySQL - Compatibility". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Aria FAQ". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  9. ^ "About XtraDB". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Why does MariaDB 10.2 use InnoDB instead of XtraDB?". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  11. ^ "Why is the project called MariaDB?". MariaDB KnowledgeBase. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  12. ^ rasmus (13 August 2012). "Explanation on MariaDB 10.0 « The MariaDB Blog". Blog.mariadb.org. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  13. ^ "What comes in between MariaDB now and MySQL 5.6? « The MariaDB Blog". Blog.mariadb.org. 28 May 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Maintenance Policy". Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  15. ^ "MariaDB 5.1.38 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  16. ^ "MariaDB 5.1.67 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  17. ^ "MariaDB 5.2.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  18. ^ "MariaDB 5.2.14 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  19. ^ "MariaDB 5.3.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  20. ^ "MariaDB 5.3.12 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  21. ^ "MariaDB 5.5.20 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  22. ^ a b c d e "MariaDB 10.4.7, 10.3.17, 10.2.26, 10.1.41 and 5.5.65 now available". mariadb.org. 1 August 2019.
  23. ^ "MariaDB 10.0.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  24. ^ "MariaDB 10.0.38, MariaDB Connector/J 2.4.0 and MariaDB Connector/Node.js 2.0.3 now available". Retrieved 1 February 2019.
  25. ^ "MariaDB 10.1.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  26. ^ "MariaDB 10.2.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  27. ^ "MariaDB 10.3.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 23 April 2017.
  28. ^ "MariaDB 10.4.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  29. ^ "MariaDB 10.5.0 Release Notes". Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  30. ^ "Amazon Web Services Announces Two New Database Services – AWS Database Migration Service and Amazon RDS for MariaDB". MarketWatch.
  31. ^ czeumault. "Azure MariaDB Documentation - Tutorials, API Reference". docs.microsoft.com. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Features / Replace MySQL with MariaDB". Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  33. ^ Colin Charles (5 April 2013). "MariaDB now in OpenBSD ports tree". MariaDB blog. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  34. ^ rasmus (4 December 2012). "MariaDB Foundation to Safeguard Leading Open Source Database « The MariaDB Blog". Blog.mariadb.org. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  35. ^ "1 million euros pledged to new MariaDB Foundation - The H Open: News and Features". H-online.com. 4 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
  36. ^ Clark, Jack (12 September 2013). "Google swaps out MySQL, moves to MariaDB". Data Center. The Register. Situation Publishing. Retrieved 14 September 2017. The MariaDB Foundation's interim chief executive is Simon Phipps.
  37. ^ a b "MariaDB Foundation on course for community governance". The H. 18 April 2013. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013.
  38. ^ "SkySQL merges with Monty Program to unite MariaDB developers". The H. 23 April 2013. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. [...] Widenius has been appointed as its CTO by the MariaDB Foundation.
  39. ^ Asay, Matt (22 August 2016). "Does MariaDB's latest move show how hard it is to make money with open source?". TechRepublic. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  40. ^ "SkySQL to become MariaDB Corporation". mariadb.com. MariaDB Corporation. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  41. ^ Widenius, Monty. "Why SkySQL becoming MariaDB Corporation will be good for the MariaDB Foundation". MariaDB Foundation Blog. Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  42. ^ "MariaDB Trademarks". mariadb.com. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014.
  43. ^ "MariaDB Trademark". mariadb.org.
  44. ^ "MariaDB Foundation CEO steps down". mariadb.org.
  45. ^ Lentz, Arjen (2 October 2018). "Hello World from the new MariaDB Foundation CEO: Arjen Lentz". MariaDB.org. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  46. ^ "Arjen's Last Post". MariaDB.org. 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  47. ^ "A Word from the Incoming CEO". MariaDB.org. 30 January 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  48. ^ "How ServiceNow deploys MariaDB".
  49. ^ MariaDB (15 March 2018). "M-18 Keynote - DBS, Ng Peng Khim and Joan Tay Kim Choo". Retrieved 21 April 2018 – via YouTube.
  50. ^ "The Register 12 September 2013 Google swaps out MySQL, moves to MariaDB".
  51. ^ "MySQL 5.1 vs. MySQL 5.5: Floats, Doubles, and Scientific Notation". Mozilla IT. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  52. ^ "Wikipedia Adopts MariaDB". Wikimedia Foundation. 22 April 2013.
  53. ^ "Distributions Which Include MariaDB". MariaDB Corporation.
  54. ^ "Trusty Tahr Release Notes". Ubuntu.
  55. ^ "MariaDB replaces MySQL in repositories". Arch Linux.
  56. ^ "Install Apache, MariaDB, PHP (LAMP) 2016". Manjaro.
  57. ^ "MariaDB Server Default in Debian 9". MariaDB Corporation.
  58. ^ "Features/ReplaceMySQLwithMariaDB". Fedora Project.
  59. ^ "Oracle who? Fedora & openSUSE will replace MySQL with MariaDB". ZDNet. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  60. ^ "7.0 Release Notes : Chapter 17. Web Servers and Services". Red Hat.
  61. ^ "Red Hat ditches MySQL, switches to MariaDB". Itwire.com. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
  62. ^ "CentOS Product Specifications". CentOS.
  63. ^ "Mageia 2 Release Notes : MariaDB". Mageia.
  64. ^ "openSUSE 12.3 released with MariaDB as default". MariaDB Foundation.
  65. ^ "Release Notes : MariaDB Replaces MySQL". SUSE.
  66. ^ "MariaDB now in OpenBSD ports tree". MariaDB Foundation.
  67. ^ "mariadb-server-10.0.16v0 – multithreaded SQL database (server)". OpenBSD ports. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
  68. ^ "Switch from using MySQL to using MariaDB attempt #2". Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  69. ^ "Building MariaDB on FreeBSD". MariaDB KnowledgeBase.
  70. ^ "Google sniffs at MySQL fork MariaDB: Yum. Have an engineer". The Register.
  71. ^ Wolpe, Toby (23 October 2013). "MariaDB gets shot in the arm from Intel-led $20m SkySQL injection". ZDNet. CBS Interactive.
  72. ^ "Finland: Investment Plan for Europe - EIB supports MariaDB with financing for accelerated growth". www.eib.org. Retrieved 15 May 2017.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit