Pro-independence movements in the Russian Civil War

Pro-independence movements in the Russian Civil War within the territory of the former Russian Empire sought for creation of independent and non-Bolshevik nation states after the October Revolution. They were often supported politically or militarily by the Entente Powers. Some of them cooperated with the Russian White movement, others were opposed to it. Many pro-independence movements emerged after the break-up of the Russian Empire and fought in the war.[1]

The following list presents some of the pro-independence movements and the conflicts they were involved in during this period.

Western peripheryEdit

Finnish Civil War
Viena expedition
Aunus expedition
Polish–Ukrainian War
Polish–Soviet War
Polish–Lithuanian War
Ukrainian War of Independence
Ukrainian–Soviet War
Polish–Ukrainian War

Baltic statesEdit

Estonian War of Independence
Latvian War of Independence
Lithuanian Wars of Independence
Polish–Lithuanian War

European RussiaEdit

Eastern peripheryEdit


Armenian–Azerbaijani War
Red Army invasion of Azerbaijan
Georgian–Armenian War
Armenian–Azerbaijani War
Turkish–Armenian War
Georgian–Ossetian conflict
Georgian–Armenian War
Sochi conflict
Red Army invasion of Georgia

Central AsiaEdit


  1. ^ Bullock, David (2008). The Russian Civil War, 1918–22 (1st ed.). Oxford: Osprey Pub. ISBN 978-1-84603-271-4.