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The Centro-Caspian Dictatorship, also called Central-Caspian Dictatorship (Russian: Диктатура Центрокаспия, Diktatura Tsentrokaspiya) (Azerbaijani: Sentrokaspi Diktaturası), was a short-lived anti-Soviet administration proclaimed in the city of Baku during World War I. Created from an alliance of Russian Socialist-Revolutionaries, Mensheviks and the Dashnaks, it replaced the Bolshevik Baku Commune in a bloodless coup d'état on July 26, 1918,[1] and fell on September 15, 1918, when Ottoman-Azeri forces captured Baku.[2]

Central-Caspian Dictatorship
Centro-Caspian Dictatorship

Диктатура Центрокаспия Sentrokaspi Diktaturası
Flag of Central-Caspian Dictatorship
StatusUnrecognized state
Common languagesRussian
Historical eraWorld War I
• Established
July 26 1918
Aug 26 – Sep 14, 1918
• Fall of Baku
September 15 1918
October 30, 1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Baku Commune
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Today part of Azerbaijan


The Central-Caspian Dictatorship asked for British help in order to stop the advancing Ottoman Army of Islam that was marching towards Baku. A small British force under General Lionel Dunsterville was sent to Baku and helped the mainly Dashnak-Armenian forces to defend the capital during the Battle of Baku. However, Baku fell on September 15, 1918 and an Azerbaijani-Ottoman army entered the capital, causing British forces to evacuate and much of the Armenian population to flee. After the Ottoman Empire signed the Armistice of Mudros on October 30, 1918, a British occupational force re-entered Baku.


  1. ^ Dunsterville, Lionel Charles (1920). The adventures of Dunsterforce. E. Arnold. p. 207.
  2. ^ Companjen, Françoise; Maracz, Laszlo; Versteegh, Lia (2011). Exploring the Caucasus in the 21st Century: Essays on Culture, History and Politics in a Dynamic Context. Amsterdam University Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-90-8964-183-0.