Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.
|Prince Emanuele Filiberto|
|Prince of Asturias|
|Duke of Aosta|
|Predecessor||Prince Amedeo, 1st Duke|
|Successor||Prince Amedeo, 3rd Duke|
|Born||13 January 1869|
|Died||4 July 1931 (aged 62)|
|Spouse||Princess Hélène of Orléans|
|Issue||Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta|
Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta
|House||House of Savoy-Aosta|
|Father||Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta|
|Mother||Princess Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo, 6th Princess of the Cisterna|
|Nickname(s)||The Undefeated Duke|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
|Service/||Royal Italian Army|
|Rank||Marshal of Italy|
|Commands held||Italian Third Army|
|Battles/wars||World War I|
He was born in Genoa the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870 his father was elected to occupy the Spanish Throne. Amadeus resigned and returned to Italy in 1873 after three years on the throne. In 1890 his son succeeded to the title of Duke of Aosta.
He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During the First World War the Duke of Aosta commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.
Named after him were the Duke of Aosta Bridge in Rome, built in 1942, and another on the Piave at Jesolo, inaugurated in 1927; a street in Rome; a cruiser of the Regia Marina was named after him, which was given to Soviet Union after World War II.
Family and childrenEdit
They had two sons:
Honours and awardsEdit
- Supreme Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Knight
- Military Order of Savoy, Grand Cross, 28 December 1916
- Gold Medal of Military Valour, 24 June 1937
- Royal Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, Grand Cross, 1895 (Austria-Hungary)
- Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight, 1899 (Austria-Hungary)
- Order of the Black Eagle, Knight (German Empire)
- Order of the Rue Crown, Knight (Kingdom of Saxony)
- Order of the Royal House of Chakri, Knight, 1 June 1897 (Siam)
- Royal Order of the Seraphim, Knight, 18 September 1897 (Sweden-Norway)
- Order of the Garter, Knight, 15 July 1902 (United Kingdom)
|Ancestors of Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta|
- Justus Perthes, Almanach de Gotha (1913) pages 49
- "Di Savoia Emanuele Filiberto Duca di Aosta" (in Italian), Il sito ufficiale della Presidenza della Repubblica. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
- "A Szent István Rend tagjai" Archived 22 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- "Toison Autrichienne (Austrian Fleece) – 19th century" (in French), Chevaliers de la Toison D'or. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- Royal Thai Government Gazette (19 September 1897). "พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ที่ประเทศยุโรป" (PDF) (in Thai). Retrieved 2019-05-08. Cite journal requires
- Sveriges statskalender (in Swedish), 1905, p. 441, retrieved 2018-01-06 – via runeberg.org
- "No. 27454". The London Gazette. 15 July 1902. p. 4509.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta.|
Prince Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of AostaBorn: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Title last held byAlfonso (XII)
| Prince of Asturias
Title next held byIsabella
|New creation|| Duke of Apulia
| Duke of Aosta|
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
| Prince della Cisterna|